This study evaluated the dietary pattern of foods and nutrients according to levels of vigorous leisure time physical activity (PA) assessed at recruitment within the Spanish cohort of the European Prospective Investigation on Cancer (EPIC) study (37,287 healthy volunteers with complete information). We used a validated PA questionnaire (PAQ) to measure the weekly frequency and duration of different kinds of sport activities. For dietary assessment, we used a validated diet history questionnaire that included all items consumed with a frequency of at least twice a month. We tested differences in food and nutrient intake according to PA duration by means of both an analysis of variance and an analysis of covariance adjusted for confounding factors. Linear increases or decreases in food and nutrient intake across PA levels were tested by means of a regression analysis. Only 11% of men and 6% of women performed at least 3 hours/week of intense PA, which is similar to current recommendations. Overall, main nutrient and total energy intakes were similar across different PA levels (<2% change in total energy intake between extreme PA categories). However, the intake of some foods and vitamins did significantly (p ≤ .05) increase as PA increased. The average gender-weighted percentage change in the intake of food and vitamins increased when moving from the lowest levels of PA to the highest. There was an increase in the intake of the following: 15.9% in vegetables, 6.7% in fruit, 9% in fish, 5.6% in dairy products, 10% in vitamin C, 5.9% in vitamin E, 7.2% in retinol, 19.7% in total carotene, 40.1% in α-carotene, 20.4% in ß-carotene, 11.2% in licopene, and 26.1% in lutein. BMI, which was above average for the cohort (mean ± SD: 28.4 ± 4.2), decreased steadily when PA increased. To sum up, in this large Spanish cohort, the differences in dietary intake relative to levels of PA were not found either in the amount of total energy consumed nor in the number of main macronutrients but rather in the intake of certain foods which, while having very little or moderate caloric content, are very rich in highly bioactive elements such as vitamins and provitamins.
Maria José Tormo, Carmen Navarro, Maria-Dolores Chirlaque, Xavier Barber, Silvia Argilaga, Antonio Agudo, Pilar Amiano, Aurelio Barricarte, Jose M. Beguiristain, Miren Dorronsoro, Carlos Alberto González, Carmen Martínez, José Ramón Quirós and Mauricio Rodríguez
Lindsey M. Russo, Megan W. Harvey, Penelope Pekow and Lisa Chasan-Taber
quartile OR = 2.15; 95% CI, 1.03–4.50). Increasing levels of moderate-intensity household/caregiving activity in mid/late pregnancy remained significantly associated with reduction in odds of cesarean delivery ( P trend = .02). Discussion In this prospective cohort of Hispanic women, after adjusting for
Catherine J. Vladutiu, Kelly R. Evenson and Stephen W. Marshall
Although physical activity can provide health benefits to pregnant women, population-based research on the circumstances surrounding injuries from physical activity during pregnancy is lacking.
Physical activity and subsequent injuries among a cohort of 1469 pregnant women in North Carolina were examined prospectively from the third phase of the Pregnancy, Infection, and Nutrition Study between 2001 and 2005. Chi-square analyses were used to compare distributions of maternal characteristics among women who sustained injuries from physical activity and women who reported no injuries during pregnancy. Injury incidence rates were calculated.
Few pregnant women (N = 34) reported a physical activity-related injury during pregnancy. The rates of physical activity-related and exercise-related injuries during pregnancy were 3.2 per 1000 physical activity hours and 4.1 per 1000 exercise hours, respectively. The most common types of injuries were bruises or scrapes (55%). Among all injuries, 33% resulted from exercise and 67% resulted from nonexercise physical activities. Sixty-four percent of all injuries were due to falls.
The incidence of injury from physical activity was low during pregnancy. Women should continue to be encouraged to maintain involvement in physical activity during pregnancy, while being aware of the potential for injury, particularly falls, from these activities.
Paul J. Collings, Diane Farrar, Joanna Gibson, Jane West, Sally E. Barber and John Wright
levels. Methods Born in Bradford (BiB) is a prospective birth cohort study of 12,453 women who were recruited at 26- to 28-weeks gestation and who delivered 13,818 live births between 2007 and 2010. Full study details are provided elsewhere. 14 In a pseudorandomly selected subgroup of BiB participants
cohort study of university dancers was to investigate whether total Beighton score can predict injury and to determine the relationship between JH and injury. The secondary aim was to report injury demographics. Methods Study Design and Participants A total of 80 participants volunteered to participate
Bethany Wisthoff, Shannon Matheny, Aaron Struminger, Geoffrey Gustavsen, Joseph Glutting, Charles Swanik and Thomas W. Kaminski
we aimed to determine how many subjects within the population of those who have previous ankle sprain classify as having FAI or MAI. Methods Study Design A retrospective cohort design was used to examine isokinetic strength of the ankle in 2 specific groups: (1) those identified with unilateral FAI
Lisa E. Bolger, Linda A. Bolger, Cian O’Neill, Edward Coughlan, Wesley O’Brien, Seán Lacey and Con Burns
). A recent assessment of FMS proficiency among a cohort of Irish primary school children ( n = 203) revealed that FMS levels are less than satisfactory, with children demonstrating significantly poorer FMS proficiency levels compared with US normative data ( n = 1208) ( Bolger et al., 2018
Eduardo L. Caputo, Paulo H. Ferreira, Manuela L. Ferreira, Andréa D. Bertoldi, Marlos R. Domingues, Debra Shirley and Marcelo C. Silva
investigate whether physical activity, before or during pregnancy, is associated with the prevalence of LBP postpartum. Methods Study Design We used data from the 2015 Pelotas Birth Cohort Study. The project aimed to produce time-trend data regarding maternal and child health, lifestyle behaviors, nutritional
Alis Bonsignore, David Field, Rebecca Speare, Lianne Dolan, Paul Oh and Daniel Santa Mina
, comparative cohort study of participants with and without PCa using data from the Toronto Rehabilitation CR database. CR participants’ disease characteristics, treatment history, demographic information, body fat percentage, BMI, and fitness measures were extracted. This investigation received institutional
Sasha A. Fleary, Robin Mehl and Claudio Nigg
during the Fun 5 program (an evidence-based PA and nutrition promotion program disseminated across elementary after-school programs in Hawaii 8 ) formed the participant pool for this cohort study. Baseline participants (Y1—data collected between 2003 and 2007) were invited for year 5 (Y5—data collected