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Stephan R. Fisher, Justin H. Rigby, Joni A. Mettler and Kevin W. McCurdy

omparison ○ Cryotherapy • O utcome ○ Improve recovery time, decrease muscle soreness Search Terms Used Searches included the keyterms “photobiomodulation,” “low-level laser therapy,” “light-emitting diode therapy,” “phototherapy,” “cryotherapy,” “cold-water immersion therapy,” “muscle recovery,” and “muscle

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Alisa Nana, Gary J. Slater, Will G. Hopkins, Shona L. Halson, David T. Martin, Nicholas P. West and Louise M. Burke

Purpose:

The implications of undertaking DXA scans using best practice protocols (subjects fasted and rested) or a less precise but more practical protocol in assessing chronic changes in body composition following training and a specialized recovery technique were investigated.

Methods:

Twenty-one male cyclists completed an overload training program, in which they were randomized to four sessions per week of either cold water immersion therapy or control groups. Whole-body DXA scans were undertaken with best practice protocol (Best) or random activity protocol (Random) at baseline, after 3 weeks of overload training, and after a 2-week taper. Magnitudes of changes in total, lean and fat mass from baseline-overload, overload-taper and baseline-taper were assessed by standardization (Δmean/SD).

Results:

The standard deviations of change scores for total and fat-free soft tissue mass (FFST) from Random scans (2–3%) were approximately double those observed in the Best (1–2%), owing to extra random errors associated with Random scans at baseline. There was little difference in change scores for fat mass. The effect of cold water immersion therapy on baseline-taper changes in FFST was possibly harmful (-0.7%; 90% confidence limits ±1.2%) with Best scans but unclear with Random scans (0.9%; ±2.0%). Both protocols gave similar possibly harmful effects of cold water immersion therapy on changes in fat mass (6.9%; ±13.5% and 5.5%; ±14.3%, respectively).

Conclusions:

An interesting effect of cold water immersion therapy on training-induced changes in body composition might have been missed with a less precise scanning protocol. DXA scans should be undertaken with Best.

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Jeffrey R. Doeringer, Megan Colas, Corey Peacock and Dustin R. Gatens

.1080/02640414.2012.719241 22935028 10.1080/02640414.2012.719241 8. Jakeman J , Macrae R , Eston R . A single 10-min bout of cold-water immersion therapy after strenous plyometric exercise has no beneficial effect on recovery from the symptoms of exercise-induced muscle damage . Ergonomics . 2009 ; 52 ( 4 ): 456 – 460

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Fábio J. Lanferdini, Rodrigo R. Bini, Bruno M. Baroni, Kelli D. Klein, Felipe P. Carpes and Marco A. Vaz

peroxição lipídica em atletas após exercício de alta intensidade: um estudo preliminar . Rev Bras Med Esporte . 2011 ; 17 ( 1 ): 8 – 12 . doi:10.1590/S1517-86922011000100001 10.1590/S1517-86922011000100001 24. Leal Junior EC , de Godoi V , Mancalossi JL , et al . Comparison between cold water

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Jesús Seco-Calvo, Juan Mielgo-Ayuso, César Calvo-Lobo and Alfredo Córdova

effect of contrast water therapy on symptoms of delayed onset muscle soreness . J Strength Cond Res . 2007 ; 21 ( 3 ): 697 . PubMed ID: 17685683 doi:10.1519/R-19355.1 17685683 35. Jakeman JR , Macrae R , Eston R . A single 10-min bout of cold-water immersion therapy after strenuous plyometric