, and entertainment value elements. American football is widely played by high school and college athletes throughout the United States. 3 However, due to the inherently aggressive and intense physical demands of the game, injuries are a well-acknowledged aspect of the sport. For instance, a total of
Robert McCunn, Hugh H.K. Fullagar, Sean Williams, Travis J. Halseth, John A. Sampson and Andrew Murray
Byron L. Zamboanga, Nathan T. Kearns, Janine V. Olthuis, Heidemarie Blumenthal and Renee M. Cloutier
break: Patrick, Lewis, Lee, & Maggs, 2013 ). The Motives for Playing Drinking Games (MPDG) measure, developed by Johnson and Sheets ( 2004 ) with a sample of college students, identified eight factors/motives for engagement in drinking games: social lubrication (e.g., to make it easier to talk to
Melodie Fearnow-Kenney, David L. Wyrick, Jeffrey J. Milroy, Erin J. Reifsteck, Timothy Day and Samantha E. Kelly
College athletes are at risk for heavy alcohol use, which jeopardizes their general health, academic standing, and athletic performance. Effective prevention programming reduces these risks by targeting theory-based intermediate factors that predict alcohol use while tailoring content to student-athletes. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of the myPlaybook online prevention program on student-athletes’ social norms, negative alcohol expectancies, and intentions to use alcohol-related harm prevention strategies. NCAA Division II student-athletes were recruited from 60 institutions across the United States to complete myPlaybook and pretest/posttest surveys measuring demographics and targeted outcome variables. Participants were randomly assigned to the treatment group (pretest-program-posttest; final n = 647) or the delayed treatment “control” group (pretest-posttest-program; final n = 709). Results revealed significant program effects on social norms (p < .01) and intentions to use harm prevention strategies (p < .01), while the effect on negative alcohol expectancies was nonsignificant (p = .14). Implications for future research and practice are discussed.
Carol R. Glass, Claire A. Spears, Rokas Perskaudas and Keith A. Kaufman
( Bishop et al., 2004 ; Kabat-Zinn, 1994 ) could have value for enhancing well-being, which might be especially beneficial for collegiate athletes ( Wolanin & Gross, 2016 ). College is a stressful time for many students, and levels of stress are often even higher among collegiate athletes, who are faced
Aaron Sciascia, Jacob Waldecker and Cale Jacobs
Despite the countless benefits of sport, the lingering effects of injuries sustained during college athletics has been shown to negatively impact quality of life years after competition has ended. 1 Both physical and mental aspects of function have been reported to be significantly lower in former
Christopher P. Tomczyk, George Shaver and Tamerah N. Hunt
field. 7 , 8 These findings begin to beg the question of whether anxiety screening should be a focused component of the concussion protocol at baseline. Focused Clinical Question Does anxiety affect neuropsychological assessments in healthy college athletes? Summary of Search, “Best Evidence” Appraised
J.D. DeFreese, Michael J. Baum, Julianne D. Schmidt, Benjamin M. Goerger, Nikki Barczak, Kevin M. Guskiewicz and Jason P. Mihalik
. 7 – 9 Depression, or a history of depression, is prevalent in a college population; 15% of college students report a lifetime depression diagnosis. 10 , 11 Behavioral (ie, fatigue, apathy) and cognitive (ie, sadness, inability to focus) symptoms of depression can impair performance on many
released reports concluded that sports participation had prepared these women for their occupational positions. Nearly all (94%) had played sport; just over half of those holding top-ranked positions had played in college. Three-fourths of women surveyed said that sport can “help to accelerate a woman
Craig Lodis, Sandra T. Sigmon, Amber Martinson, Julia Craner, Morgan McGillicuddy and Bruce Hale
This study investigated seasonality in male and female college athletes and nonathletes. Given the literature on activity level and its positive impact on mood, it was predicted that athletes would benefit more than nonathletes with regards to seasonal symptoms. Participants completed measures of seasonality, depression, and cognitive processes during a winter month. Multiple measures of seasonality were administered to distinguish seasonal depression symptoms from nonseasonal symptoms. Results indicated that nonathletes reported more seasonal symptoms, seasonal attitudes, and rumination, gained more weight, socialized the least, and slept more than athletes. Female nonathletes reported the most impact from the changing seasons and more negative thoughts about the changing seasons. These results indicate that engaging in collegiate athletics may serve as a protective factor in seasonal depression.
Jason P. Mihalik, Luv Kohli and Mary C. Whitton
Virtual reality environments may allow researchers to investigate functional balance performance without risks associated with testing in the real world.
To investigate the effects of the mass of a head-mounted display (HMD) on balance performance.
Virtual reality laboratory.
20 healthy college students.
Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) with a tracker-only headband and again with tracker plus HMD was performed.
Main Outcome Measures:
BESS error scores, elliptical sway area, and center of pressure travel distance were recorded.
No effect of the HMD mass on balance performance was observed. A significant stance by surface interaction was present but was negated when the HMD conditions were included in the model.
The mass of a HMD has not been proven to adversely affect balance performance. These data suggest the HMD mass is not a contraindication to the use of immersive virtual environments in future concussion research involving balance.