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Batting Average and Beyond: The Framing of Statistics Within Regional Major League Baseball Broadcasts

Zachary W. Arth and Andrew C. Billings

, or, with the MLB.TV streaming service, fans can listen to the sounds of the ballpark and the game without hearing any commentary if they so desire. Again, herein lies the distinction between what is shown on the broadcast, what the commentators discuss, and how it is discussed. Therefore, both the

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CMPC Exam for Recertification: The Good, The Bad, The Reality

Carrie B. Scherzer and Justine J. Reel

In this commentary, we try to present a balanced look at the issues surrounding the implementation of the certification exam for recertification purposes. We recognize that the changes to certification are complex and varied, as were reactions by the membership of the Association for Applied Sport Psychology (AASP). As long-standing AASP members who are also certified consultants, we look at the costs, benefits, and ultimately the reality of the CMPC exam for recertification.

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(Inter)National Pastime: Depicting Nationality in Local and National Major League Baseball Broadcasts

Zachary W. Arth, Darrin J. Griffin, and Andrew C. Billings

used in it. Typologies and Language As illustrated in the historical overview of the analysis of sport commentary, previous research has relied on typologies of language to quantitatively examine differences across athletes and how they are cast by media. Although a variety of categorization systems

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Television Sport Journalism at the UEFA Euro 2016 Championships: A Comparison of Live Commentary From Four Countries

Thomas Horky, Marianna Baranovskaa, Christoph G. Grimmer, Honorata Jakubowska, and Barbara Stelzner

cameras like at Olympics or other tournaments before. Restricting the production of images, based on the uniform multilateral feed, makes the verbal organization through the live commentary more important in producing the visual stimulus. With that, the examination of verbal commentary becomes a relevant

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Racist State and the State of Race: An Analysis of Instagram Commentary Pertaining to LeBron James

Evan Frederick, Nicholas Swim, Ajhanai C.I. Keaton, and Ann Pegoraro

athlete—has become one of the main voices sought to lend support and increase public attention to the shootings of Black men, women, and children. (p. 438) Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the evolution of social media commentary pertaining to LeBron James’ activism efforts during the

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Commentary on the Assessment and Interpretation of Pediatric Aerobic Fitness—The Year That Was 2017

Neil Armstrong

this essay is to highlight the clinical relevance of exercise testing to determine peak V ˙ O 2 , and thereby convince clinicians of its merit, stimulating future clinical investigators to broaden the application of exercise testing in pediatrics. Commentary The first paper ( 23 ), authored by a team

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International Sports Commentary Frame and Entertainment: A Cross-Cultural Analysis of Commentary Differences in World Series Broadcasts

Chang Wan Woo, Jung Kyu Kim, Cynthia Nichols, and Lu Zheng

Numerous studies examining the portrayals of gender, race, and nationality in sports commentary have been conducted through the years; however, comparative analyses of commentaries from different countries have been rare. This study examined commentary from 3 different countries (the U.S., Chinese Taipei, and South Korea) during a Major League Baseball (MLB) World Series. An entertainment theory schema was adopted and the 3 countries were categorized based on dispositional relativity (affiliation) with MLB. Findings indicate that South Korean broadcasts, which had the lowest affiliation with MLB, were biased toward the Boston Red Sox and presented the most evaluative commentaries; U.S. commentaries were generally positive and contained the largest portion of informative comments; and Chinese commentaries were unbiased and also provided a large number of informative comments. This implies that sports games using the same visual images can be framed differently by commentators based on the disposition (affiliation) level of audiences.

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Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport in Male Athletes: A Commentary on Its Presentation Among Selected Groups of Male Athletes

Louise M. Burke, Graeme L. Close, Bronwen Lundy, Martin Mooses, James P. Morton, and Adam S. Tenforde

 al., 2014 ). Nevertheless, a suite of factors within the culture, regulation, and performance drivers of a sport/event may predispose an athlete to adopting eating and/or exercise patterns that result in LEA. The aim of this commentary is to summarize the experience and insights of the current group of

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Effect of Complimentary and Conflicting Commentary on Sports Enjoyment

Shuhua Zhou, Jie Xu, and Yinjiao Ye

This article first explicates the concept of sports enjoyment and then reviews the literature on the many facets of sports commentary regarding its general content and effects. An experimental study was designed to test whether complimentary or conflicting commentary, as well as game knowledge, and playing experience contributed to game enjoyment, perceived liking of the commentary, and perceived action in the game. Results partially supported the hypotheses. Specifically, commentary type had a significant impact on viewers’ liking of the commentary but had no impact on game enjoyment or perceived action in the game, game knowledge increased game enjoyment but had no impact on the other two dependent variables, and playing experience had a positive impact on perceived action in the game but had no impact on the other two variables. Implications are discussed.

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Are Soccer Organizations More Resilient in Crisis Situations? A Scholarly Commentary on the Audiotape Scandal of Real Madrid’s President

César García

behavior of athletes, are not relevant to this case. There was no influence on consumer behavior (although, granted, fans are consumers as well) nor on the impact of sponsor perceptions ( Kelly et al., 2018 ). That is the point of this commentary, to clarify why that did not happen in the Pérez case, which