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Kelly R. Evenson, Fang Wen, Sarah M. Lee, Katie M. Heinrich and Amy Eyler

Background:

A Healthy People 2010 developmental objective (22-12) was set to increase the proportion of the nation's public and private schools that provide access to their physical activity spaces and facilities for all persons outside of normal school hours. The purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence of indoor and outdoor facilities at schools and the availability of those facilities to the public in 2000 and 2006.

Methods:

In 2000 and 2006, the School Health Policies and Programs Study (SHPPS) was conducted in each state and in randomly selected districts, schools, and classrooms. This analysis focused on the school level questionnaire from a nationally representative sample of public and nonpublic elementary, middle, and high schools (n = 921 in 2000 and n = 984 in 2006).

Results:

No meaningful changes in the prevalence of access to school physical activity facilities were found from 2000 to 2006, for youth or adult community sports teams, classes, or open gym.

Conclusions:

These national data indicate a lack of progress from 2000 and 2006 toward increasing the proportion of the nation's public and private schools that provide access to their physical activity facilities for all persons outside of normal school hours.

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Andrea N. Geurin-Eagleman

Masters sport participation is continually increasing, and although much research has uncovered masters participation motives, it has been noted that an understanding of community among masters athletes was also necessary. Online communities of sport participants have been examined only minimally, with research uncovering correlations between new-media use and sport-participation frequency. Using uses and gratifications theory, this study sought to examine masters gymnastics participants to develop a better understanding of athletes’ use of online communities in relation to their sport participation and examine differences in online community use based on demographics. Online survey results from 164 international participants revealed they used new media primarily for fanship, information, and technical knowledge, and online masters gymnastics communities were most often extensions of in-person training groups and communities. These findings and their implications are discussed in the article.

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Matthew Katz, Thomas A. Baker III and Hui Du

In this brand community analysis, the authors utilized both the social identity approach and network theory to examine the multiple identities and patterns of interactions among members of an official soccer supporters club. Based on the Multiple In-Group Identity Framework and the brand community triad, the authors differentiated between team and supporter club identity to explore how each affects consumption behaviors. Furthermore, the authors explored the nature of fan relationships based on network principles of multiplexity and homophily as they relate to consumption and socializing ties among fan club members. They also explored the network structure of the brand community. Using both network theory and network methodologies, the authors examined how the multiple identities and many relationships within the brand community affect the consumption behaviors of fan club members. Theoretical and practical implications were considered as they relate to sport consumer behavior and sport marketing.

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Jeanette Gustat, Christopher E. Anderson, Keelia O’Malley, Tian Hu, Rachel G. Tabak, Karin Valentine Goins, Cheryl Valko, Jill S. Litt and Amy A. Eyler

items supporting tax increases a (6, α  = .699) Does respondent support (1) city funds used for public PA facilities, such as pools, recreation centers, and walking trails; (2) public transit; (3) street improvements for bicycles/pedestrians; (4) community use of school facilities; (5) city tax

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Kavita A. Gavand, Kelli L. Cain, Terry L. Conway, Brian E. Saelens, Lawrence D. Frank, Jacqueline Kerr, Karen Glanz and James F. Sallis

, are being promoted by the National Institutes of Health. 26 There are multiple ways of achieving these goals, such as turning vacant lots into small parks, promoting shared use agreements for community use of school or church grounds, and providing incentives for private recreation businesses

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Laura Misener, Kerri Bodin and Marika Kay

support your position. Note 1.  We acknowledge the problematic use of the term able-bodied which privileges ableist thinking and dichotomizes ability and disability. However, we use this term as the Canadian sport community uses these terms. References Barnes , M. , Cousens , L. , & MacLean , J

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Margaret McGladrey, Angela Carman, Christy Nuetzman and Nicole Peritore

, where these agencies may be geographically dispersed. This brief report presents a case study of a public health practice effort to increase physical activity among individuals and communities using Extension as a backbone support organization. We contend that the collective impact model is a useful

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Ashley N. Weingartz and Stacy Warner

in improving attendance frequency at events ( Yoshida, Heere, & Gordon, 2015 ). Therefore, a non-profit like GLL that wants to increase attendance, would benefit from improving upon and building a strong fan community. Using social media in a non-profit setting also can have other organizational

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Vassilios Ziakas and Sylvia Trendafilova

has already been done by event organizers in past events. 4. How can the host community use event media to enhance its image? 5. To what segments of bikers should the new event be marketed to derive benefits for the local community? 6. How will the new event affect Panorama’s event portfolio

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Sajad Bagherian, Khodayar Ghasempoor, Nader Rahnama and Erik A. Wikstrom

) of 0.79. We targeted an enrollment of 50 per group to allow for a 25% drop out rate. All participants were recruited from the university community using flyers and in-class announcements. Participants were assigned to either the training group (60 males: age = 18.1 [0.9] y, height = 176.5 [6.5] cm