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Ashley N. Weingartz and Stacy Warner

. The national attention provided through this exposure offered a springboard for GLL to promote their league and promote fundraising efforts across social media during the team’s tournament run. Unfortunately, like so many community sport organizations, GLL was understaffed and lacked the technical

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Jane Chung, George Demiris and Hilaire J. Thompson

Mobility is critical in maintaining independence in older adults. This study aims to systematically review the scientific literature to identify measures of mobility limitation for community-dwelling older adults. A systematic search of PubMed, CINAHL, and psycINFO, using the search terms “mobility limitation”, “mobility disability”, and “mobility difficulty” yielded 1,847 articles from 1990 to 2012; a final selection of 103 articles was used for the present manuscript. Tools to measure mobility were found to be either self-report or performance-based instruments. Commonly measured constructs of mobility included walking, climbing stairs, and lower extremity function. There was heterogeneity in ways of defining and measuring mobility limitation in older adults living in the community. Given the lack of consistency in assessment tools for mobility, a clear understanding and standardization of instruments are required for comparison across studies and for better understanding indicators and outcomes of mobility limitation in community-dwelling older adults.

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William Roth Smith

Sport Although governments attempted to limit participation in lifestyle sports, others encouraged lifestyle sports with restrictions. For example, exercises are typically considered “essential,” but people are urged to avoid doing so in groups and to stay in communities close to home. For instance, the

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Corliss Bean, Tineke Dineen and Mary Jung

to translate a program from the research laboratory setting to being housed in a community nonprofit organization. Translating diabetes-prevention programs into the community via community organizations is a viable solution for sustainable services (e.g.,  Pronk, Remington, & Community Preventive

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Akio Kubota, Alison Carver and Takemi Sugiyama

activity among older adults in Germany ( Herbolsheimer, Mosler, & Peter, 2016 ). Another social aspect that may be relevant to older adults’ physical activity is social engagement. Social engagement may include taking part in events, meetings, and activities within a local community. It can be argued that

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Brad J. Stenner, Amber D. Mosewich and Jonathan D. Buckley

focuses on changing the way golf is perceived by the broader community, with a focus on making golf more welcoming, socially accepting, and family friendly, as well as encouraging participation from women and young girls ( Golf Australia, 2018 ). This broader participation across a range of demographics

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Stefan Walzel, Jonathan Robertson and Christos Anagnostopoulos

various legal and ethical stakeholders in the wake of scandals, the very social nature of sports organizations ordains social initiatives and outreach programs ( Anagnostopoulos & Kolyperas, 2016 ). Moreover, sports have a strong socially responsible, community-embedded nature that has grown in importance

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Sapphire H. Lin

with an individual’s engagement in physical activity. One’s physical activity can be affected by people around their lives, regardless of whether they engage in physical activity together. Third, at the larger community level, the prospect of meeting new people and maintaining social ties can motivate

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Bastian Popp, Chris Horbel and Claas Christian Germelmann

negative communication, such as antibrand communities, which are formed around common aversions toward a specific brand ( Hollenbeck & Zinkhan, 2006 ). Hence, the online environment is considered a powerful booster of current social trends ( Krishnamurthy & Kucuk, 2009 ). In recent years, a few sport

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Steven Loy

3 WINS Fitness is a student-delivered free exercise program for the community delivered in public parks. We believe this program, which operates without external funding and has been sustained for 6 years, is one significant solution to reducing the level of physical inactivity in the United States. The operative 3 WINS in our program are participant health, community health, and student professional development. The primary focus has been underserved communities, and our current eight programs in Los Angeles, serve over 300 participants regularly. Three challenges to the program are student empowerment, faculty understanding and involvement, and establishing the relationship between university and parks, which represent a vital partnership. However, the accomplishment of undergraduate students having such a dynamic impact on public health underscores the need for encouraging this sustainable and innovative strategy to increase the physical activity levels of communities across America.