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Wendell C. Taylor, Myron F. Floyd, Melicia C. Whitt-Glover and Joseph Brooks

Background:

Despite the importance of physical activity (PA) for good health, not all populations have equal access to PA facilities and resources. This disparity is an environmental justice (EJ) issue because of the negative impact on the health of low-income and racial/ethnic minorities.

Methods:

This paper reviews the first wave of the EJ movement, presents the second wave of the EJ movement, discusses the implications of adopting principles from the EJ movement to focus on research in parks and recreation services (PRS), and recommends future research directions.

Results:

Studies on EJ have documented the disproportionate burden of environmental challenges experienced by low-income and racial/ethnic minorities. With regard to PA, these communities face inadequate access to, quality of, financing for, and public involvement in recreation opportunities.

Conclusions:

EJ is a useful framework to facilitate collaborative research between public health and PRS to study racial/ethnic and socioeconomic disparities in PA.

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Danielle Rousseau, Kimberleigh Weiss-Lewit and Mark Lilly

use their position and access to people’s bodies, hearts, and minds without careful consideration of the undeniable and unequal power dynamic in the teacher/student relationship, the harm done can leave a student victimized and ostracized from their entire community. Empowering Change in the Yoga

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Carrie W. LeCrom, Brendan Dwyer and Gregory Greenhalgh

” ( Schulenkforf, 2012 , p. 7). The focus of the framework is on the project or event’s contribution to creating social change or community empowerment, and its author notes that this relies heavily on active community participation and engagement. Change agents are highlighted as important to the early

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Katherine Raw, Emma Sherry and Katie Rowe

, N. , & Sugden , J. ( 2011 ). Sport for development and peace in divided societies: Cooperating for inter-community empowerment in Israel . European Journal for Sport and Society, 8 , 235 – 256 . doi:10.1080/16138171.2011.11687881 10.1080/16138171.2011.11687881 Schulenkorf , N. , Sugden

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Kristen Day

, indices of obesity and mean arterial blood pressure: does places of living matter? Rural vs urban . J Clin Diagn Res . 2011 ; 5 ( 5 ): 1038 – 1042 . 170. Mohan V , Shanthirani CS , Deepa M , Williams OD , Deepa R . Community empowerment—a successful model for prevention of non

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Kathy Babiak, Lucie Thibault and Annick Willem

bicycle tourism plan . Journal of Hospitality & Leisure Marketing , 4 ( 1 ), 83 – 95 . doi:10.1300/J150v04n01_06 10.1300/J150v04n01_06 Schulenkorf , N. , & Sugden , J. ( 2011 ). Sport for development and peace in divided societies: Cooperating for inter-community empowerment in Israel . European