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Pamela Wicker, Katie E. Misener, Lisa A. Kihl, and Graham Cuskelly

for-profit and nonprofit settings. Occupational fraud in community sport organizations (CSOs) encompasses a range of embezzlement activities (e.g., theft, forged and blank check writing, opening credit cards, crediting fake supplier accounts) predominantly committed by voluntary treasurers, presidents

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Patti Millar and Alison Doherty

capacity and determine community sport organizations’ (CSOs) strengths and challenges with regard to those factors (see Misener & Doherty, 2009 , 2013 ; Sharpe, 2006 ; Wicker & Breuer, 2011 ). This research has implications for capacity building, yet with a few exceptions, there has been limited

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Larena Hoeber and Orland Hoeber

There has been little attention given to examining innovation under the conditions in which community sport organizations (CSO) operate. In this case study, the process under which one CSO undertook a technological innovation is explored. The purpose of this research was to classify the determinants that contributed to the innovation process, and identify at which particular stages of innovation those determinants were critical. Interviews and focus groups with key stakeholders were conducted during the innovation process. Observations were made at important points during the implementation of the innovation. Leadership commitment, pro-innovation characteristics, organizational capacity, simple organizational design, and involved and interested external parties were identified as determinants of this technological innovation. The findings illustrate multiple determinants of innovation at the managerial, organization, and environmental levels. Some of these span the entire innovation process, while others are critical only at particular stages.

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Kristen A. Morrison and Katie E. Misener

 al., 2018 ; Ferkins et al., 2009 ). Engaging in a strategic planning process may help nonprofit leaders to develop strategic thinking as well as build capacity to sustain and expand their programs despite environmental uncertainty ( Hu et al., 2014 ). Nonprofit community sport organizations (CSOs), such as

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Cecilia Stenling

The purpose of this article is to understand change in community sport organizations (CSOs) by examining the introduction of spontaneous sport activities labeled “drive-in sport” in six Swedish CSOs. Drawing on the theoretical concepts of translation and organizational identity, data from 10 interviews were analyzed to answer how, why, and with what consequences, in terms of organizational change, the focal CSOs interpreted and acted upon the idea of drive-in sport. The findings show that while drive-in sport initially may seem to have changed the CSOs, a closer examination reveals a reproduction of their organizational identities. The findings are discussed in relation to the alignment of the drive-in sport idea with the CSOs’ core purpose and practices and with wider processes of change in the CSOs’ institutional context.

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Gareth J. Jones, Christine E. Wegner, Kyle S. Bunds, Michael B. Edwards, and Jason N. Bocarro

& Kwauk, 2011 ). Although national and international agencies operate in this context, many American SFD programs are delivered by nonprofit community sport organizations (CSOs). These organizations tend to rely on volunteers more than nonprofits in other industries ( Schoenberg, Cuskelly, & Auld, 2016

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Karsten Elmose-Østerlund, Graham Cuskelly, Jens Høyer-Kruse, and Christian Røj Voldby

-3523(04)70045-5 10.1016/S1441-3523(04)70045-5 Doherty , A. , Misener , K. , & Cuskelly , G. ( 2014 ). Toward a multidimensional framework of capacity in community sport organizations . Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 43 ( Suppl. 2 ), 124 – 142 . doi:10.1177/0899764013509892 10

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Alison Doherty and Graham Cuskelly

There is growing theoretical and empirical interest in nonprofit voluntary community sport organizations (CSOs) or clubs as a critical part of the sporting landscape ( Doherty & Cousens, 2013 ; Jeanes et al., 2018 ; Macrae, 2017 ; Swierzy, Wicker, & Breuer, 2018 ). These membership organizations

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Christine E. Wegner, Bradley J. Baker, and Gareth J. Jones

Volunteers are integral to the functioning of sport events and organizations and have become a key area of sport management scholarship ( Wicker, 2017 ). Community sport organizations (CSOs) represent an important area for research since they are often reliant on volunteers to operate ( Schoenberg

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Alanna Harman and Alison Doherty

This study examined the psychological contract of volunteer youth sport coaches to determine the content, variation, and influences to its development. Interviews were conducted with 22 volunteer coaches of team sports, representing different levels of play (recreational, competitive), coaching tenure (novice, experienced), and gender (female, male), who were sampled to account for the potential variation based on these demographic factors. The findings revealed that volunteer coaches possessed both transactional and relational expectations of themselves and their club. Coaches’ most frequently cited expectations of themselves were technical expertise (transactional), and leadership (relational), while their most frequently cited expectations of the club were fundamental resources and club administration (transactional), and coach support (relational). Variation was found by different levels of play (recreational, competitive) and coaching tenure (novice, experienced). The coaches’ psychological contract was shaped predominately by sources external to the club. Implications for managing the psychological contract of volunteer youth sport coaches and directions for future research are discussed.