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Gregory Knell, Deborah Salvo, Kerem Shuval, Casey Durand, Harold W. Kohl III, and Kelley P. Gabriel

illustrate this approach and to demonstrate its utility, we used data from an ongoing community-based study to identify participant profiles with varying protocol compliance and thresholds for outstanding accelerometer pursuit. Methodology For the purposes of this study, an outstanding accelerometer is

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Kyrah K. Brown, Jerrise Smith, Tamaya N. Bailey, Gennel Ortiz, Xiangli Gu, and Priscila Tamplain

.g., practicing skills that affect the child’s life using specific strategies and feedback targeted to the improvement of that skill). These interventions may be effective for motor skills, but can overlook the need for socialization and engagement with peers. Community-based motor skill intervention programs can fill

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Ashleigh J. Sowle, Sarah L. Francis, Jennifer A. Margrett, Mack C. Shelley, and Warren D. Franke

-life, community-based setting. It is unsure if the results found were based solely on the LIFE program or if the LIFE program served as a means for participants to be encouraged to seek other ways of being physically active. Furthermore, all data were self-reported, which limits interpretation of findings

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Janine V. Olthuis, Margo C. Watt, Christopher E. J. DeWolfe, Emma Connell, Emily N. Wright, and Laura Sevigny

to increased running over time. This is the first study to test a non-lab-based group PA intervention for community-recruited women with high AS. In the context of the present study’s aim to design and test a community-based PA intervention for AS, we evaluated the intervention in the context of

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Mette Rørth, Tine Tjørnhøj-Thomsen, Prue Cormie, John L. Oliffe, and Julie Midtgaard

. The idea was to introduce recreational community-based football as a novel approach to prostate cancer rehabilitation characterized by a time-unlimited intervention, continuous enrollment of participants, and mobilizing of local resources and partners using existing infrastructure for physical

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Deborah Johnson-Shelton, Jeanette Ricci, Erika Westling, Missy Peterson, and Julie C. Rusby

-based PE lessons with their students. 15 Therefore, one approach is to implement a community-based PE trainer in residence (TIR) professional development program that provides generalist teachers with one-on-one mentoring and scenario-based training for an extended length of time. The TIR model is based

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Johan Pelssers, Christophe Delecluse, Joke Opdenacker, Eva Kennis, Evelien Van Roie, and Filip Boen

This study evaluated “Every Step Counts!”—a 10-wk, structured walking intervention in a community-based senior organization—on promoting physical activity participation, fitness, and well-being among older adults (age ≥ 55 yr). The intervention prescribed pedometer-defined walks in weekly walking schedules. These were fitness-tailored and structured in walking load (intensity/volume) according to the principles of training progression. This intervention was offered as a social activity at meeting points of a community-based senior organization. Twenty-nine meeting points (n = 432) constituted the intervention condition. Ten meeting points (n = 148) formed the wait-list control condition. Measurements were organized at intervention start (pretest) and end (posttest). Intention-to-treat linear mixed models showed small positive intervention effects on physical activity, fitness, and aspects of well-being. These results confirm the effectiveness of structured walking interventions with systematic training progression and underscore the value of community-based senior organizations as intervention settings for older adults.

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Anita L. Stewart

The term “community-based” can refer to many types of physical activity interventions. The bulk of physical activity research in older adults focuses on changing individual behavior, sometimes in community settings. Addressing the nation’s goal of increasing the proportion of physically active older adults requires more programs to improve contextual factors that support individual behavior and calls for introducing into community settings successful individual-level programs based on solid research. The social ecology model provides an ideal multilevel framework for community-wide efforts. In conjunction with programs to increase the types and levels of physical activity of older adults, changes can be directed at social, cultural, environmental, institutional, and policy contexts for individual behavior change. Guidelines and evaluation methods, including cost analysis of developing, implementing, and sustaining programs, are needed. Recommendations are made to advance community-based strategies for promoting physical activity among adults age 50 and older.

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Adrienne J. McNamara, Michael J. Pavol, and Katherine B. Gunter

Objective:

Community-based exercise programs are popular for achieving physical activity among older adults, but the amount of physical activity obtained through such programs is unknown. This study quantified the bone-loading forces and levels of cardiovascular activity associated with participation in “Better Bones and Balance” (BBB), a community-based fall- and fracture-prevention program for older adults.

Methods:

Thirty-six postmenopausal women age 73.2 ± 7.6 yr engages in BBB participated in this study. Ground-reaction forces (GRFs) associated with BBB exercises were evaluated using a force platform. Session and weekly totals of minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and total time spent above 55% maximum heart rate (HR) were measured using accelerometers and HR monitors, respectively.

Results:

BBB exercises produced mean 1-leg GRFs of 1.4–2.2 units body weight. Weekly BBB participation was associated with 126 ± 31 min of MVPA.

Conclusion:

Activity obtained by BBB participation meets recommended guidelines for skeletal and cardiovascular health.

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Elizabeth Orsega-Smith, Laura L. Payne, and Geoffry Godbey

The purpose of this study was to evaluate a community-based exercise program for adults 60 years and older. Specifically, the authors sought to examine selected physical and psychosocial indicators of health among low-, moderate-, and high-frequency participants. Data on selected physical-fitness variables from baseline and 6-month follow-up assessments were available for 196 members. In addition, 265 current members completed a mailed questionnaire regarding frequency of program participation, health, demographics, and psychosocial outcomes. Significant improvements in endurance and flexibility were documented for the group at large over 6 months, and the low-participation group showed a significant increase in flexibility. Self-efficacy was higher for those in both the low- and high-frequency groups than for those in the moderate-participation group. Exercise-based social support was reported to be higher among the low- and high-participation groups than among the moderate-participation group. Results suggest that community-based programs and community parks and recreation agencies are a viable context for senior exercise/physical activity programs.