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Gohei Kato, Tomoyuki Arai, Yasuhiro Morita, and Hiroaki Fujita

, Depledge, & Fleming, 2017 ). To promote outdoor activity among community-dwelling older adults, key elements include not only personal factors, such as age, sex, and physical functioning ( Fujita et al., 2004 ; Suzukawa, Shimada, Kobayashi, & Suzuki, 2010 ), but also built environmental factors ( Bird et

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Christina Zong-Hao Ma, Wing-Kai Lam, Bao-Chi Chang, and Winson Chiu-Chun Lee

Falls and associated injuries have been a major public health problem globally. Approximately 30–50% of community-dwelling older adults experience falls ( Kwan, Close, Wong, & Lord, 2011 ). In addition to reduced muscle strength and coordination of movements ( Toraman & Yıldırım, 2010 ), age

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Ming Fung Godfrey Lui, Hung Kay Daniel Chow, Wai Ming Kenny Wong, and Wai Nam William Tsang

difference was found, post hoc analysis was conducted using paired t -tests. SPSS statistical software package (version 20.0; IBM Corp., Armonk, NY) was used. The level of confidence for significance was set at .05. Results Participants Thirty-four community-dwelling older adults participated in the study

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Junxin Li, Binbin Yang, Miranda Varrasse, Xiaopeng Ji, MaoChun Wu, Manman Li, and Kun Li

Sleep complaints are common in older adults ( Neikrug & Ancoli-Israel, 2010 ). One third to one half of community-dwelling older adults in China self-report poor sleep ( Li, Zhong, Wu, & Luo, 2015 ; Luo et al., 2013 ; Wang et al., 2016 ). Common sleep problems include difficulty initiating sleep

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Yongwoo Lee, Wonjae Choi, Kyeongjin Lee, Changho Song, and Seungwon Lee

population. Therefore, we investigated the effectiveness of virtual reality training using 3D video games in improving postural balance and muscle strength of the lower extremities in community-dwelling older adults. Methods Participants Participants were recruited from the senior welfare center in Seoul

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Oluwaseyi Osho, Oluwatoyosi Owoeye, and Susan Armijo-Olivo

proven to lower the risk for falls and fall-related injuries in the community-dwelling older adults ( Arnold, Sran, & Harrison, 2008 ; Rose & Hernandez, 2010 ). However, decreased adherence (or compliance) and attrition in FPEPs have been a major challenge in program implementation ( McPhate, Simek

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Juliana S. Oliveira, Leanne Hassett, Catherine Sherrington, Elisabeth Ramsay, Catherine Kirkham, Shona Manning, and Anne Tiedemann

, Palvanen, Jarvinen, & Parkkari, 2005 ; Sekaran, Choi, Hayward, & Langa, 2013 ). Around 30% of community-dwelling people aged 65 years and older fall every year ( Cumming et al., 2007 ), and many people fall multiple times ( Gillespie, 2004 ). There is strong evidence that well-designed structured exercise

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Mary A. Murphy, Sharon L. Olson, Elizabeth J. Protas, and Averell R. Overby

Fifty community-dwelling elders were screened and followed for 14 months. Sixteen experienced falls and 34 did not. The screening variables consisted of age, the Clinical Test of Sensory Interaction in Balance, the Performance-Oriented Mobility Assessment for Balance, functional reach, the Physical Performance Test, and the following timed tests: floor transfer; 5-step test; 5 chair stands; tandem, semitandem, and side-by-side stance; penny pick-up; 360° turn; 50-ft walk; and 5-min walk. Data analysis and chi-squared or t tests were performed for each variable to determine significant differences between groups. Correlations, sensitivity, and specificity were calculated, and a stepwise discriminant analysis was conducted to determine which significant variables best predicted falls. Discriminant analysis determined that the floor transfer and then the 50-ft walk predicted falls in community-dwelling elders, correctly classifying 95.5% of participants. Prediction for falls was 81.8%, and for no falls, 100%. The timed floor transfer and 50-ft walk were the most discriminating measures to identify potential fallers.

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Chiharu Iwasaka, Tsubasa Mitsutake, and Etsuo Horikawa

gait speed would be slower if the leg muscle mass asymmetry was large. Method Study Subjects This study used a cross-sectional design. The study subjects were community-dwelling older adults aged 65 years and over who participated in a physical strength measurement event held at a public health

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Wuber J.S. Soares, Alexandre D. Lopes, Eduardo Nogueira, Victor Candido, Suzana A. de Moraes, and Monica R. Perracini

Globally, falls in community-dwelling older adults are among the 10th leading cause of sequelae of disorders and injuries that contribute to years lived with disability. Overall, falls accounted for 41% of the total number of years lived with a disability caused by injuries ( Vos et al., 2013