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Kaitlyn P. Roland, Jennifer M. Jakobi, and Gareth R. Jones

Interest in yoga is growing, especially among older adults. This review critically summarizes the current literature to investigate whether physical fitness and function benefits are engendered through the practice of yoga in older adults. A comprehensive search yielded 507 studies; 10 studies with 544 participants (69.6 ± 6.3 yr, 71% female) were included. Large variability in yoga styles and measurement outcomes make it challenging to interpret results across studies. Studies reported moderate improvements for gait (ES = 0.54, 0.80), balance (ES = 0.25–1.61), upper/lower body flexibility (ES = 0.25, 0.70), lower body strength (ES = 0.51), and weight loss (ES = 0.73, 0.99). Yoga may engender improvements in some components of fitness in older adults. However, more evidence is needed to determine its effectiveness as an alternative exercise to promote fitness in older adults. Further investigation into yoga as an exercise activity for older adults is warranted.

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James Gillett, Roy Cain, and Dorothy Pawluch

Despite the growing interest in the therapeutic value of sport, limited attention has been devoted to understanding the meanings that individuals attribute to their use of physical activity as a complementary therapy. In our analysis, we draw on literature in the sociology of lay knowledge in order to better understand the use of physical activity as a health practice among people with HIV/AIDS. Our objective is to move beyond a biomedical focus, and explore the social, cultural, and political dimensions of using sport and physical activity to negotiate illness. The themes that emerge illustrate the diverse significance of physical activity as a complementary approach to health. Our analysis indicates that research in the sociology of sport can make an important contribution to understanding the therapeutics of physical activity and sport for people with health problems.

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Danielle Rousseau, Kimberleigh Weiss-Lewit, and Mark Lilly

.2015.0266 Remski , M. ( 2019 ). Practice and all is coming: Abuse, cult dynamics and healing in yoga and beyond . New Zealand : Embodied Wisdom Publishing . Rhodes , A. ( 2015 ). Claiming peaceful embodiment through yoga in the aftermath of trauma . Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice

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Heloisa Suzano de Almeida, Flávia Porto, Marcelo Porretti, Gabriella Lopes, Daniele Fiorot, Priscila dos Santos Bunn, and Elirez Bezerra da Silva

quasi-randomized pilot trial . Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 23 ( 2 ), 210 – 219 . PubMed ID: 25847558 doi:10.1016/j.ctim.2015.01.010 10.1016/j.ctim.2015.01.010 Hoehn , M.M. , & Yahr , M.D. ( 1967 ). Parkinsonism: Onset, progression, and mortality . Neurology, 17 ( 5 ), 427 . PubMed

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Charlotte Woods, Lesley Glover, and Julia Woodman

evidence for feasibility, efficacy, and mechanisms of Alexander technique group classes for chronic neck pain . Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 39, 80 – 86 . PubMed ID: 30012397 doi:10.1016/j.ctim.2018.05.012 10.1016/j.ctim.2018.05.012 Bellan , V. , Wallwork , S.B. , Gallace , A. , Spence

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Emily R. Hunt, Shelby E. Baez, Anne D. Olson, Timothy A. Butterfield, and Esther Dupont-Versteegden

as effleurage, petrissage, and tapotement. Massage is often used as a complementary therapy for the treatment of muscle-related ailments such as chronic low back pain, but is also utilized on other components of the musculoskeletal system including ligaments and tendons. 21 – 23 In addition, massage

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Stefano Palermi, Anna M. Sacco, Immacolata Belviso, Nastasia Marino, Francesco Gambardella, Carlo Loiacono, and Felice Sirico

velocity in patients with type 2 diabetes . Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 31, 59 – 64 . PubMed ID: 28434472 doi:10.1016/j.ctim.2017.01.005 10.1016/j.ctim.2017.01.005 American Diabetes Association . ( 2019 ). Lifestyle management: Standards of medical care in diabetes—2019 . Diabetes Care

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Timothy W. Cacciatore, Patrick M. Johnson, and Rajal G. Cohen

biggest difference was a decrease in low-frequency activity after classes, suggesting a decrease in muscle fatigue. Adapted from Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 39, Becker, J.J., Copeland, S.L., Botterbusch, E.L., & Cohen, R.G., Preliminary evidence for feasibility, efficacy, and mechanisms of

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Raphael M. Cunha, Gisela Arsa, Iransé Oliveira-Silva, Izabela Ferreira Rocha, and Alexandre Machado Lehnen

-86922005000600006 Meredith-Jones , K. , Waters , D. , Legge , M. , & Jones , L. ( 2011 ). Upright water-based exercise to improve cardiovascular and metabolic health: A qualitative review . Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 19 ( 2 ), 93 – 103 . PubMed ID: 21549260 doi:10.1016/j.ctim.2011.02.002 10.1016/j

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Bindu P. Gopalan, Mary Dias, Karthika Arumugam, Reena R. D’Souza, Mathew Perumpil, Prasanna Kulkarni, Udaykumar Ranga, and Anita Shet

role in HIV pathogenesis, downregulation of IL-10 activity using immunomodulation therapy ( 41 ) and other complementary therapies such as exercise training programs are considered beneficial for chronically infected individuals with HIV for augmenting the partial immune recovery following ART ( 27