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The Elephant in the Room: How COVID-19’s Financial Impact Further Threatens Title IX Compliance

Karen L. Hartman

negatively affect women’s collegiate athletics and Title IX compliance. In the chaos of COVID-19’s impact on American society and athletic programs, Title IX has become the elephant in the room. It is imperative that commissioners, coaches, and athletic directors as well as communication and sport scholars

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New Insights Into Compliance With a Mobile Phone Diary and Pedometer Use in Sedentary Women

Yoshimi Fukuoka, Emiko Kamitani, Kathleen Dracup, and So Son Jong


The purposes of this study were 1) to determine compliance with a pedometer and mobile phone-based physical activity diary, and 2) to assess concordance between self-reported daily steps recorded and transmitted by a mobile phone and pedometer-measured daily steps in sedentary women.


In this 3-week pilot clinical study, 41 sedentary women who met all inclusion criteria were recruited from local communities. We asked the participants to wear a pedometer every day and to report their daily steps using a mobile phone diary each night before retiring. In the first week, women were asked to monitor their daily steps (baseline steps). In the second and third weeks, they were asked to increase their steps by 20% from the previous week. Although the pedometer can automatically store the most recent 41 days’ performance, the participants were not informed of this function of the pedometer.


Overall compliance was 93.8% with pedometer use and 88.3% with the mobile phone physical activity diary. Bland Altman plots showed that the agreement between self-reported daily steps by mobile phone diary and pedometer-recorded daily steps from week 1 to week 3 was high.


The combination of a pedometer and a mobile phone diary may enhance the quality of self-reported data in clinical studies.

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Immediate Effects of Dry Needling as a Novel Strategy for Hamstring Flexibility: A Single-Blinded Clinical Pilot Study

Noureddin Nakhostin Ansari, Parisa Alaei, Soofia Naghdi, Zahra Fakhari, Shiva Komesh, and Jan Dommerholt

calculated to detect a significant effect on flexibility as the main outcome measure. Assuming a 10% dropout rate, 15 subjects were recruited for this study. Outcome Measures The primary outcome measures in this study were hamstring flexibility measured by the AKET and passive compliance of hamstring muscles

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Health Belief Model and Theory of Planned Behavior: A Theoretical Approach for Enhancing Lower Extremity Injury Prevention Program Participation

Emily M. Hartley, Matthew C. Hoch, and Robert J. Cramer

demonstrated success in preventing various lower extremity injuries. 7 , 8 However, one of the limiting factors of ERIPP effectiveness is program compliance. 9 This has been highlighted through a recent meta-analysis which indicated ERIPPs focused on anterior cruciate ligament injury prevention were more

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Dry Needling for Hamstring Flexibility: A Single-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial

Parisa Alaei, Noureddin Nakhostin Ansari, Soofia Naghdi, Zahra Fakhari, Shiva Komesh, and Jan Dommerholt

examined. Recently, Ansari et al 10 demonstrated that DN can improve hamstring flexibility, muscle compliance, and stretch tolerance without adding stretching, which supports DN as a novel strategy for the improvement of hamstring flexibility in healthy subjects with hamstring tightness. There are no

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Does the Time-of-Day of Exercise Influence the Total Volume of Exercise? A Cross-Sectional Analysis of Objectively Monitored Physical Activity Among Active Individuals

Paige G. Brooker, Mary E. Jung, Dominic Kelly-Bowers, Veronica Morlotti, Sjaan R. Gomersall, Neil A. King, and Michael D. Leveritt

is unknown if there is a difference in exercise volume between morning and evening exercisers. Anecdotally, morning exercise is often promoted for improved compliance as it is “out of the way” before other time pressures can interfere. 8 Schumacher et al 6 suggest morning exercise may be especially

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Distinct Methods for Assessing Compliance With a Physical Activity Guideline for Children in Preschools

Connie L. Tompkins, Erin K. Shoulberg, Lori E. Meyer, Caroline P. Martin, Marissa Dennis, Allison Krasner, and Betsy Hoza

the preschool setting, and the few studies that have examined compliance to date have varied extensively in their findings. Results of recent examinations of compliance with the PA guideline among preschoolers have varied, with compliance reported anywhere from 5.1% to 73%. 12 – 14 Findings are also

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Impact of Litigation on Compliance With California Physical Education Laws in Elementary Schools

Hannah R. Thompson, Bhaani K. Singh, Annie Reed, Robert García, Monica Lounsbery, Benjamin D. Winig, and Kristine A. Madsen

Thus, unequal provision of PE is likely to contribute to race/ethnic- and income-related health disparities. 24 – 26 Efforts to increase compliance with California’s PE law have included administrative complaints as well as litigation in court. The Los Angeles Unified School District, after receiving

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Real-Time Feedback on Mechanical Power Output: Facilitating Crew Rowers’ Compliance With Prescribed Training Intensity

Lotte L. Lintmeijer, A.J. “Knoek” van Soest, Freek S. Robbers, Mathijs J. Hofmijster, and Peter J. Beek

comply with the prescribed training loads. In rowing, achieving compliance with prescribed intensity is not trivial because feedback on the rate of metabolic energy consumption cannot be routinely provided to the rowers. Therefore, in current practice, derivatives of the rate of metabolic energy

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Compliance and Practical Utility of Continuous Wearing of activPAL in Adolescents

Yan Shi, Wendy Yajun Huang, Jane Jie Yu, Sinead Sheridan, Cindy Hui-Ping Sit, and Stephen Heung-Sang Wong

and increases the cost of administrating large-scale studies. Maximizing compliance with wear protocols is essential but challenging ( 15 ). Some practical utility issues such as participants’ refusal to comply and device removal are significant sources of reduced compliance in free