, & Carter, 2010 ; Sundgot-Borgen & Torstveit, 2004 ). Runners may be at increased risk for ED pathology due to certain psychosocial factors, including compulsive exercise ( Meyer, Taranis, Goodwin, & Haycraft, 2011 ). Some work has conceptualized compulsive exercise as ‘obligatory,’ with links to ED
Sasha Gorrell and Drew A. Anderson
Megan S. Patterson and Patricia Goodson
Compulsive exercise typically describes a rigid pattern of exercise, often performed despite negative consequences. Compulsive exercisers report intense feelings of guilt at any missed exercise sessions and are frequently concerned with weight and shape. 1 , 2 Thus, compulsive exercise often leads
Megan S. Patterson and Patricia Goodson
Compulsive exercise, a form of unhealthy exercise often associated with prioritizing exercise and feeling guilty when exercise is missed, is a common precursor to and symptom of eating disorders. College-aged women are at high risk of exercising compulsively compared with other groups. Social network analysis (SNA) is a theoretical perspective and methodology allowing researchers to observe the effects of relational dynamics on the behaviors of people.
SNA was used to assess the relationship between compulsive exercise and body dissatisfaction, physical activity, and network variables. Descriptive statistics were conducted using SPSS, and quadratic assignment procedure (QAP) analyses were conducted using UCINET.
QAP regression analysis revealed a statistically significant model (R 2 = .375, P < .0001) predicting compulsive exercise behavior. Physical activity, body dissatisfaction, and network variables were statistically significant predictor variables in the QAP regression model.
In our sample, women who are connected to “important” or “powerful” people in their network are likely to have higher compulsive exercise scores. This result provides healthcare practitioners key target points for intervention within similar groups of women. For scholars researching eating disorders and associated behaviors, this study supports looking into group dynamics and network structure in conjunction with body dissatisfaction and exercise frequency.
Surveys suggest that 8 to 41% of athletes may struggle with binge/purge and bulimic eating behaviors. Many of these athletes with bulimia struggle alone, receiving no professional help for recovery. This article offers effective counseling strategies for nutrition professionals who want to help bulimic athletes. Through a case study of a triathlete who binges, and then purges through compulsive exercise, a nutrition care plan is discussed that addresses the food and weight concerns commonly expressed by athletes with bulimia. The priorities of the care plan are to reduce preoccupation with weight, establish a pattern of regular eating, and address the underlying causes of the binges. The case demonstrates that nutrition counseling is only one part of the treatment program, and emphasizes the importance of developing a team of health professionals to assist athletes with bulimia.
Laura K. Fewell, Riley Nickols, Amanda Schlitzer Tierney, and Cheri A. Levinson
rate of approximately 2% ( Ruscio, Stein, Chiu, & Kessler, 2010 ). Notably, rates of OCD among athlete patients and non-athlete patients with EDs have not been studied. Such findings may further inform the specifics of treatment for this population. Compulsive Exercise Compulsive exercise is another
Julie Freedman, Sally Hage, and Paula A. Quatromoni
former collegiate athletes, and reportedly experienced disordered eating and/or compulsive exercise behaviors. The participants ranged in age from 18 to 33 years old (mean age, 25.13 years), and they competed in a variety of sports (Table 1 ). The average duration of collegiate competition was 3
* Phillip Ward * Jan Seghers * Peter Iserbyt * 1 10 2018 15 10 747 754 10.1123/jpah.2017-0591 jpah.2017-0591 The Role of Ego Networks in Compulsive Exercise Behavior Among a Sample of College Sorority Women Megan S. Patterson * Patricia Goodson * 1 10 2018 15 10 755 762 10.1123/jpah.2017-0570 jpah
Mohebbi * Kerry S. Courneya * Patricia M. Livingston * 5 2017 14 5 353 359 10.1123/jpah.2016-0431 Using Social Network Analysis to Better Understand Compulsive Exercise Behavior Among a Sample of Sorority Members Megan S. Patterson * Patricia Goodson * 5 2017 14 5 360 367 10.1123/jpah.2016
Kathryn A. Coniglio and Edward A. Selby
), .81 (Identified), and .94 (Intrinsic). In the MTurk sample, Cronbach’s α = .87 (External), .81 (Introjected), .79 (Identified), and .93 (Intrinsic). Compulsive Exercise Test The Compulsive Exercise Test ( Meyer et al., 2016 ) is a 24-item self-report measure that assesses the cognitive, behavioral
Kim Gammage, Rachel Arnold, Nicole Bolter, Angela Coppola, Thomas Curran, Lori Dithurbide, Karl Erickson, Mary Jung, Larkin Lamarche, Luc Martin, and Kathleen Wilson
the motivational basis of debilitating patterns of eating behavior. Beyond these self-conscious mediators, an unresolved issue in the literature is whether the exercise motives of athletes explain variance common to perfectionism and eating pathology. In particular, compulsive exercise (a rigid and