Gary L. Harrelson
Column-editor : Malissa Martin
Bridging Research and Practice in Kinesiology: A Case for Concept Mapping
Brian J. Souza
Enhancing translational research in kinesiology requires utilizing diverse research methods. Concept mapping (CM), an applied, participatory research method, brings together stakeholders to address problems. CM involves preparing a project, generating answers to a problem, then structuring, rating, analyzing, representing, and interpreting the data. The results are visual depictions of the stakeholders’ collective thinking about a problem that help facilitate decision-making. In this paper, I describe CM, review CM physical activity projects, discuss opportunities for CM in kinesiology, and detail the limitations of CM. Professionals from the kinesiology subdisciplines can implement CM to facilitate collaboration and generate real-world solutions to real-world problems.
Designing Active Communities: A Coordinated Action Framework for Planners and Public Health Professionals
Kim Bergeron and Lucie Lévesque
Community design can have a positive or negative influence on the physical activity level of residents. The complementary expertise of professionals from both planning and public health is needed to build active communities. The current study aimed to develop a coordinated framework for planners and public health professionals to enhance the design of active communities.
Planners and public health professionals working in Ontario, Canada were recruited to participate in a concept mapping process to identify ways they should work together to enhance the design of active communities.
This process generated 72 actions that represent collaborative efforts planners and public health professionals should engage in when designing active communities. These actions were then organized by importance and feasibility. This resulted in a coordinated action framework that includes 19 proximal and 6 distal coordinated actions for planners and public health professionals.
Implementation of the recommended actions has the potential to make a difference in community design as a way to enhance physical activity in community members. This Coordinated Action Framework provides a way to address physical inactivity from an environmental and policy standpoint.
The Fun Integration Theory: Toward Sustaining Children and Adolescents Sport Participation
Amanda J. Visek, Sara M. Achrati, Heather M. Mannix, Karen McDonnell, Brandonn S. Harris, and Loretta DiPietro
Children cite “fun” as the primary reason for participation in organized sport and its absence as the number-one reason for youth sport attrition. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to develop a theoretical framework of fun using a novel mixed-method assessment of participants in sport (FUN MAPS) via concept mapping.
Youth soccer players (n = 142), coaches (n = 37), and parents (n = 57) were stratified by age, sex, and competition level and contributed their ideas through (a) qualitative brainstorming, identifying all of the things that make playing sports fun for players; (b) sorting of ideas; and (c) rating each idea on its importance, frequency, and feasibility.
The FUN MAPS identify the 4 fundamental tenets of fun in youth sport within 11 fun-dimensions composed of 81 specific fun-determinants, while also establishing the youth sport ethos.
The FUN MAPS provide pictorial evidence-based blueprints for the fun integration theory (FIT), which is a multitheoretical, multidimensional, and stakeholder derived framework that can be used to maximize fun for children and adolescents to promote and sustain an active and healthy lifestyle through sport.
Toward Understanding Youth Athletes’ Fun Priorities: An Investigation of Sex, Age, and Levels of Play
Amanda J. Visek, Heather Mannix, Avinash Chandran, Sean D. Cleary, Karen A. McDonnell, and Loretta DiPietro
-determinants (see also Visek, Mannix, Mann, & Jones, 2018 for further review). It was originally developed by engaging youth sport stakeholders in concept mapping ( Kane & Trochim, 2007 ), an applied social research mixed-methodology that used participant-driven grounded theory like activities ( Willig, 2013 ) to
Environmental and Policy Approaches for Promoting Physical Activity in the United States: A Research Agenda*
Ross C. Brownson, Cheryl M. Kelly, Amy A. Eyler, Cheryl Carnoske, Lisa Grost, Susan L. Handy, Jay E. Maddock, Delores Pluto, Brian A. Ritacco, James F. Sallis, and Thomas L. Schmid
Environmental and policy approaches are promising strategies to raise population-wide rates of physical activity; yet, little attention has been paid to the development and prioritization of a research agenda on these topics that will have relevance for both researchers and practitioners.
Using input from hundreds of researchers and practitioners, a research agenda was developed for promoting physical activity through environmental and policy interventions. Concept mapping was used to develop the agenda.
Among those who brainstormed ideas, 42% were researchers and 33% were practitioners. The data formed a concept map with 9 distinct clusters. Based on ratings by both researchers and practitioners, the policy research cluster on city planning and design emerged as the most important, with economic evaluation second.
Our research agenda sets the stage for new inquiries to better understand the environmental and policy influences on physical activity.
Differences between Experienced and Inexperienced Physical Education Teachers’ Augmented Feedback and Interactive Teaching Decisions
Steven K.S. Tan
This study represents a descriptive analysis of feedback patterns and perceptual maps of experienced and inexperienced teachers. Five experienced elementary physical education teachers and 5 inexperienced teachers participated in the study. Data were collected by videotaping and audiotaping three lessons taught by each teacher. Transcripts of audiotapes were made for all verbal feedback administered by the teachers, and each unit of feedback was coded from the written transcripts using a multidimensional observation system. Following the second and third lessons, patterns in cue perception employed by teachers during feedback interaction were accessed using a stimulated recall interview and concept mapping techniques. Results indicated that inexperienced teachers did not differ from experienced teachers in their feedback structure. However, experienced teachers differed from inexperienced teachers on their perceptual patterns. Specifically, perceptual maps of experienced teachers were more complex and were organized hierarchically, whereas inexperienced teachers’ patterns tended to be sparse and hierarchically shallow.
Researching Eating Disorders and Body Image in Sport: Challenges and Recommendations
Dana K. Voelker and Justine J. Reel
.1002/erv.1143 10.1002/erv.1143 Hepworth , N. , & Paxton , S.J. ( 2007 ). Pathways to help-seeking in bulimia nervosa and binge eating problems: A concept mapping approach . International Journal of Eating Disorders, 40 ( 6 ), 493 – 504 . PubMed ID: 17573682 doi:10.1002/eat.20402 10.1002/eat
Physical Activity, Sport Participation, and Perceived Barriers to Engagement in First-Year Canadian University Students
Aysha M. Thomas, Kayleigh M. Beaudry, Kimbereley L. Gammage, Panagiota Klentrou, and Andrea R. Josse
participation. This notion has been discussed in a concept-mapping review by Condello et al, 22 where the 25 factors that they identified to be the most impactful on PA behaviors were also the most modifiable and clustered into their “intrapersonal” and “well-being” factor groups. Because external factors do
Understanding the Role of Fathers in Children’s Physical Activity: A Qualitative Study
Cody D. Neshteruk, Deborah J. Jones, Asheley Skinner, Alice Ammerman, Deborah F. Tate, and Dianne S. Ward
analysis in psychology . Qual Res Psychol . 2006 ; 3 ( 2 ): 77 – 101 . doi:10.1191/1478088706qp063oa 10.1191/1478088706qp063oa 26. Mâsse LC , O’Connor TM , Tu AW , et al. Conceptualizing physical activity parenting practices using expert informed concept mapping analysis . BMC Public Health