There has been a remarkable increase in the past 10 years in the awareness of concussion in the sports and recreation communities. Just as sport participants, their families, coaches, trainers, and sports organizations now know more about concussions, health care professionals are also better prepared to diagnose and manage concussions. As has been stated in the formal articles in this special issue on sport-related concussion, education about concussion is one of the most important aspects of concussion prevention, with the others being data collection, program evaluation, improved engineering, and introduction and enforcement of rules. Unfortunately, the incidence of concussion appears to be rising in many sports and thus, additional sports-specific strategies are required to reduce the incidence, short-term effects, and long term consequences of concussion. Enhanced educational strategies are required to ensure that individual participants, sports organizations, and health care professionals recognize concussions and manage them proficiently according to internationally recognized guidelines. Therefore, this paper serves as a “brief report” on a few important aspects of concussion education and prevention.
Charles H. Tator
Tracey Covassin, Kyle M. Petit, and Morgan Anderson
/symptoms, prevalence), concussion education and awareness, concussion assessment and management, concussion recovery and return to play, concussion treatment, and future research and recommendations for youth sport stakeholders. We also address sex and developmental considerations throughout this review. In reviewing
Jeffrey G. Caron, Gordon A. Bloom, and Andrew Bennie
There is a need to improve concussion education and prevention efforts for youth athletes and those responsible for their care. The purpose of this study was to understand Canadian high school coaches’ insights and perceptions of concussions. Using a case study design, eight high school coaches were interviewed and the data were analysed using a hierarchical content analysis. Findings indicated that participants primarily acquired information about concussions through their own experiences as athletes and parents, and from reports in the sports media. The coaches’ felt their role with concussions was to teach athletes safety techniques during practices and competitions and to encourage them to accurately report their concussion symptoms. In addition, participants forwarded a number of recommendations to improve the dissemination of information to coaches. Results from this study will add to a limited body of concussion research with youth sport coaches. Participants’ insights provide researchers and clinicians with information about coaches’ perceived role with sport-related concussions.
Cailee E. Welch Bacon, Gary W. Cohen, Melissa C. Kay, Dayna K. Tierney, and Tamara C. Valovich McLeod
challenges. Concussion Education and Awareness Athletic trainers in our study described varying education levels among their patients, the patients’ parents, coaches, teachers, school administrators, and other health care professionals pertaining to concussions that led to challenges in concussion management
Heidi A. Wayment, Ann H. Huffman, Monica Lininger, and Patrick C. Doyle
football, a demanding high-contact sport, places players at risk for sport-related concussions (SRCs) and adverse future health consequences. 1 Accordingly, it has been strongly argued that the goal of concussion education programs should not only be to improve athletes’ awareness of the signs of
Natalie Cook and Tamerah N. Hunt
states and in the District of Columbia. 1 Education has been called the “cornerstone of concussion prevention,” and thus, a key component of state legislation was requiring student-athletes to be educated on concussions. 1 Concussion education has focused on increasing knowledge of common mechanisms
Kevin M. Guskiewicz and Samuel R. Walton
there were a decade ago ( Kerr et al., 2019 ; Mannix, Meehan, & Pascual-Leone, 2016 ; Wasserman, Kerr, Zuckerman, & Covassin, 2016 ; Yang, Comstock, Yi, Harvey, & Xun, 2017 ). Since 2009, all 50 states and the District of Columbia have passed a youth concussion law requiring concussion education, no
Brittany M. Ingram, Melissa C. Kay, Christina B. Vander Vegt, and Johna K. Register-Mihalik
body checking policy change. In addition, further data are needed to differentiate between increased concussion incidence resulting from concussion education efforts that may improve disclosure and increased concussion incidence as a direct result of policy changes. Strength of Recommendation Grade B
Lynda Mainwaring and Max Trenerry
This current special issue of the Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology was conceived and developed to provide a resource for clinicians who have contact with athletes who are at risk for or have sustained a concussion during sport participation. The special issue is part of an exciting two-issue series. This first installment contains papers from leaders in the field of sport concussion who review the frequency and mechanisms of concussion, models for managing concussion, the emotional aspects of concussion in sport, practical examples from a model sport concussion clinic, and the importance of sport concussion education and prevention. As Guest Editors, we hope that this timely and unique special series will be used by clinicians who help care for athletes and their families who have experienced concussion in their sport life.
Melissa C. Kay, Cailee E. Welch, and Tamara C. Valovich McLeod
Concussions are one of the most common sport-related injuries affecting athletes participating at all levels across a variety of sports. It has been reported that up to 3.8 million concussive events occur per year that are sports-related. One significant issue with identifying concussions is that a clinical diagnosis is based on the presence of signs and symptoms, which are self-reported by the patient. In the adolescent population, injury to the brain is possible with even the slightest insult, which can affect recovery and predispose them to subsequent concussions. Recent legislative efforts have included athlete education as a means to improve concussion reporting. More specifically, all 50 US states and the District of Columbia have implemented concussion legislation that includes some type of concussion education protocol, but there is still little evidence to suggest that enhanced knowledge levels result in behavior changes, including improved concussion-reporting practices. It is unclear what factors make an adolescent athlete more or less likely to report the symptoms of a concussion.
Focused Clinical Question:
What factors positively or negatively influence secondary school athletes’ likelihood of reporting symptoms of sport-related concussions?