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Elaine M. Blinde and Susan L. Greendorfer

This paper is a synthesis of results from five separate studies examining how recent structural and philosophical changes in women’s intercollegiate sport programs may have altered the sport experience of female athletes. Based on both questionnaire and interview data, it was apparent that athletes participating in sport programs characterized by the greatest change (e.g., post-Title IX programs, programs of the 1980s, product-oriented sport models, and Division I programs of recent years) shared somewhat common experiences — with the presence of conflict being one of the most pervasive themes. Four types of conflict were identified: (a) value alienation, (b) role strain, (c) role conflict, and (d) exploitation. Each of these types of conflict is discussed and examples to substantiate the presence of each form of conflict are presented. Based upon the findings, it is suggested that the changing context and emphases of college sport may have exposed female athletes to different sets of circumstances, expectations, and experiences, thus altering the nature of the sport experience and bringing into question the educational legitimacy of college sport.

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J.D. DeFreese, Travis E. Dorsch, and Travis A. Flitton

). Laursen and Collins ( 2009 ) argue that researchers may gain a more distilled picture of the parent–child relationship by measuring perceptions of the relational markers of warmth and conflict. Warmth is the tendency for the parent–child relationship to be characterized by supportive, affectionate, and

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Arturo Leyva

resentment is more intense when the object desired is abstract, such as fame and recognition (metaphysical desire). The conflict is also mimetic; as a result, other members of the community progressively become involved, and the potential for generalized violence emerges (mimetic crisis). The entire

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Aaron C. Mansfield, E. Nicole Melton, and Matthew Katz

been thought to spur positive public health, but clear evidence for that idea has not been established ( Zeigler, 2007 ). Furthermore, scholars have long castigated the physically unhealthy culture of fandom ( Zillmann et al., 1979 ). This culture thus seems to conflict with the needs/desires of health

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Cassandra Iannucci and Kevin Andrew Richards

( Byrne, 1991 ; Day et al., 2007 ; García-Carmona et al., 2019 ; Kyriacou & Sutcliffe, 1978 ). One particular type of stress that has been documented among physical education teachers is the interrole conflict associated with combining teaching and extracurricular coaching roles ( Konukman et al., 2010

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Matt W. Boulter, James Hardy, Ross Roberts, and Tim Woodman

(input) influenced team conflict resolution (process), which subsequently impacted team performance (output). However, the utilization of an IPO conceptual framework for investigating personality generally, and narcissism more specifically, within the sports domain remains untested. Thus, in the present

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Siobhán O’Connor, Courtney O’Connor, Sadhbh McCarthy, and Stephanie Mazerolle Singe

clinicians 8 and just under a third of National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) ATs reported burnout. 9 How individual’s appraise situations in their life can impact their response. 10 Perceived stress and work–family conflict (WFC; i.e., the interrole conflict in which obligations from work and

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Niels B. Feddersen, Robert Morris, Louise K. Storm, Martin A. Littlewood, and David J. Richardson

) explained that using this perspective risks neglecting the social processes that might produce conflict or change. Furthermore, Girginov ( 2006 ) explained that a limitation of this line of research is that focusing on leaders might give an impression of consistency. Instead, Alvesson ( 2017 ) suggested

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Michael McDougall, Noora Ronkainen, David Richardson, Martin Littlewood, and Mark Nesti

interpretations” ( Martin, 2002 , p. 101). In comparison to the integration view, less influence is attributed to leaders and their assessment of what the culture is ( Martin, 2002 , 2004 ). Instead, differentiation researchers often privilege and report subcultural conflicts, issues of power, and differences

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Alexandrya H. Cairns, Stephanie M. Singe, and Christianne M. Eason

Burnout and work–family conflict (WFC) have been identified as stressors that athletic trainers experience as they work long hours, navigate high workloads, and expectations. 1 – 5 Athletic trainers provide care of their patients, that, at times, are in incongruent to their work setting. 6 Both