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David I. Anderson

of actions from the skeletomuscular system. Consequently, the contents of conscious awareness have a direct influence on whether our behaviors are adaptive or maladaptive. This idea has profound implications for practitioners who seek to expand conscious awareness of the self and the relation between

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Judy L. Van Raalte, Allen E. Cornelius, Elizabeth M. Mullin, Britton W. Brewer, Erika D. Van Dyke, Alicia J. Johnson, and Takehiro Iwatsuki

form influences thought automatically ( Zwaan & Radvansky, 1998 ), exposure to self-talk primes such as the interrogative “Will I?”, even without participant conscious awareness or intention to use the statements in a particular manner, could prove to be performance enhancing. Thus, Senay et

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Pedro Ángel Latorre-Román, Juan Francisco Fernández-Povedano, Jesús Salas-Sánchez, Felipe García-Pinillos, and Juan Antonio Párraga-Montilla

of an intelligent central governor located in the subconscious brain. It seems likely that brain regulation operates at different levels of awareness, such that minor homeostatic challenges are addressed automatically without conscious awareness, whereas larger metabolic disturbances attract

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Yonghwan Chang, Daniel L. Wann, and Yuhei Inoue

-concept with a particular sport team, which is shaped without conscious awareness but that stems from long-term membership experiences with the team . Spectators’ Flow Experiences and iTeam ID Spectators often experience time distortion, detachment from their surroundings, and a loss of self-consciousness due

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Sinika Timme, Jasmin Hutchinson, Anton Regorius, and Ralf Brand

recent experiences increase the accessibility of a schema, trait, concept” ( Aronson et al., 2016 , p.77) without a person being consciously aware of this influence. The underlying mechanism is conceptualized as the activation of an associative network of semantic nodes ( Collins & Loftus, 1975 ) wherein

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Shikha Prashad, Yue Du, and Jane E. Clark

, 1987 ; Robertson, 2007 ). Due to this repetition, participants are likely to become consciously aware of the presence of a sequence, thus changing the nature of learning from implicit to explicit ( Howard et al., 2004 ; Howard & Howard, 1997 ; Nissen & Bullemer, 1987 ; Reed & Johnson, 1994 ; Song

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Justin B. Hollander, Ann Sussman, Peter Lowitt, Neil Angus, and Minyu Situ

and to optimize the placement of advertisements on a busy page. 41 No published research to date, however, has applied VAS to better understand the human experience of architecture and urban planning or place. Understanding where we look without conscious awareness—at “first-glance,” as 3M notes 10

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Alan J. McCubbin, Gregory R. Cox, and Ricardo J.S. Costa

disagree ), and results only recorded if the participant clicked on the slider, to prevent data being recorded as 50% due to failure to answer the question. Intended practices Participants were asked to indicate whether they were consciously aware of the amount of sodium they consume in the days preceding

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Kim Gammage, Alyson Crozier, Alison Ede, Christopher Hill, Sean Locke, Eric Martin, Desi McEwan, Kathleen Mellano, Eva Pila, Matthew Stork, and Svenja Wolf

. Researchers have shown mindfulness (bringing conscious awareness to the present moment) to be an effective intervention to reduce performance anxiety. More recent research suggests self-compassion (being kind and nonjudgmental to the self when encountering life’s difficulties) also contributes to reduced

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Charlotte Woods, Lesley Glover, and Julia Woodman

, Cunningham, & Loram, 2017 ). Alexander found that, with practice, he could prevent his immediate reaction to the thought of speaking and, as a result, was able to prevent the patterns of excessive tension and compression from arising. Instead, by becoming more consciously aware of himself, he could