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Carly Albaum, Annie Mills, Diane Morin, and Jonathan A. Weiss

involve face-to-face interaction with target group members). In comparison, the affective component (i.e., emotions associated with a group) develops through direct contact ( Stangor et al., 1991 ) and is a stronger determinant of discrimination or exclusion toward minority groups than the cognitive

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Cathy McKay, Jung Yeon Park, and Martin Block

, which, in turn, supports meaningful research. The theory of interest in this research study was Allport’s ( 1954 ) contact theory. Allport ( 1954 ) first proposed the theory that social contact will improve relationships between members of majority and minority groups. He theorized that as people come

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Bastiaan Breine, Philippe Malcolm, Veerle Segers, Joeri Gerlo, Rud Derie, Todd Pataky, Edward C. Frederick, and Dirk De Clercq

The classification of foot contact patterns, ie, rearfoot, midfoot, or forefoot contact patterns, has proven relevant due to a possible relation with running economy or performance. 1 , 2 However, this classification is particularly relevant because of its relationship with the intensity of

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Akinori Nagano, Shinsuke Yoshioka, Dean Charles Hay, and Senshi Fukashiro

The purpose of this study was to test whether a light finger touch on one’s own body (upper legs) reduces postural sway. Ten healthy males participated. In the first part of the study, the participants stood upright with their eyes closed on a force platform while ground reaction force data were collected. Two conditions differing in the placement of the arms and fingers were tested. In the no-touch condition, the participants kept their hands in loose fists. In the finger-touch condition, the participants lightly touched the lateral sides of the upper legs with all fingers. Postural sway measures were calculated from the ground reaction force data. In the second part of the study, the participants stood upright on a pneumatic balance disk while ground reaction force data were collected. Experimental and measurement protocols were identical to those used in the first part of the study. The results showed that light finger touch on the upper legs significantly reduced postural sway on the balance disk up to ~7%. The data from this study suggest that decreased postural sway due to finger contact may improve balance control during other standing tasks.

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Daniella M. DiGuglielmo, Mireille E. Kelley, Mark A. Espeland, Zachary A. Gregory, Tanner D. Payne, Derek A. Jones, Tanner M. Filben, Alexander K. Powers, Joel D. Stitzel, and Jillian E. Urban

from repetitive exposure to concussive and subconcussive impacts during participation in contact and collision sports 6 – 9 and may cause changes in the brain after a single season. 10 Therefore, sport-related concussions and repetitive head impacts have become a growing public health concern. Head

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Christopher M. Saliba, Allison L. Clouthier, Scott C.E. Brandon, Michael J. Rainbow, and Kevin J. Deluzio

osteoarthritis. 7 , 8 During gait retraining sessions, indicators of kinematic or kinetic measures can be delivered in real-time though audible, visual, or haptic feedback. 9 , 10 The knee adduction moment is a marker for the medial contact force and has been the target of biofeedback to reduce knee loading. 9

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Justin A. Haegele, Chunxiao Li, and Wesley J. Wilson

interpersonal mindfulness. Hence, it is essential to consider mindfulness both intrapersonally and interpersonally in its association with teacher attitudes. Currently, little is known about potential factors that may mediate the mindfulness–attitudes relationship among educators ( Li et al., 2019 ). Contact

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Michael A. Hunt, Christopher K. Cochrane, Andrew M. Schmidt, Honglin Zhang, David J. Stockton, Alec H. Black, and David R. Wilson

decreased marginally with toe-out and that medial compartment loading had minimal decreases with toe-out gait. Walter et al 22 reported that reductions in the knee adduction moment with a medial knee thrust gait modification did not reflect corresponding changes in medial contact force. Moreover, the works

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Sarah A. Roelker, Paul DeVita, John D. Willson, and Richard R. Neptune

across a variety of sports. 3 – 5 In addition, skipping was recently suggested to be a viable supplemental cross-training activity to running. 6 The lower vertical ground reaction forces (GRFs), 2 , 6 lower knee joint contact forces 7 , and higher metabolic cost 7 , 8 experienced during skipping may

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Declan A. Patton, Colin M. Huber, Susan S. Margulies, Christina L. Master, and Kristy B. Arbogast

were video confirmed for female and male players, respectively. In addition to being used to identify false positives, video review has also been used to identify potential false negatives. 5 , 7 – 11 Kuo et al 5 video identified 271 head contacts from collegiate American football games, of which 80