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Kimberlee A. Gretebeck, Caroline S. Blaum, Tisha Moore, Roger Brown, Andrzej Galecki, Debra Strasburg, Shu Chen and Neil B. Alexander

lifestyle physical activity in older adults with T2DM. Methods Study Design This study was a randomized controlled trial. Older adults with T2DM were randomized to either a center-based moderate-intensity FCT intervention with lifestyle behavior change to optimize physical activity adoption and maintenance

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Carol R. Glass, Claire A. Spears, Rokas Perskaudas and Keith A. Kaufman

’s college team reported significant improvements in mindfulness, goal-directed energy, and perceived stress. Similarly, a randomized controlled trial with female collegiate basketball players showed significantly more improvements in emotion regulation, substance use, and hostility from post-intervention to

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Xiao Bao, Jie-Wen Tan, Ying Long, Howe Liu and Hui-Yu Liu

, there was little study investigating the effects of intermittent hypoxia for dizziness. The purpose of this study was to investigate dizziness improvement under IHT. Methods Study Design This was a prospective, assessor-blinded randomized controlled trial with a 4-week follow-up period, conducted in a

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TaeYeong Kim, JaeHyuk Lee, SeJun Oh, Seungmin Kim and BumChul Yoon

controlled trial. Participants Participants were eligible for the study if they fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The specific eligibility criteria included the following: (1) age of 20–64 years and (2) nonspecific LBP lasting at least 3 months, with an average numeric rating scale (NRS) 19 in the previous

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Karinna Sonálya Aires da Costa, Daniel Tezoni Borges, Liane de Brito Macedo, Caio Alano de Almeida Lins and Jamilson Simões Brasileiro

would increase the neuromuscular performance as well as reduce postural oscillation in individuals subjected to ACL reconstruction. Methods Design This is a blinded randomized controlled trial. Participants The study sample consisted of 48 men (mean age: 27.4 [6.2] y; body mass index: 26.8 [3.8] kg/m 2

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Adam Kelly and Justin Stanek

hypothesized that the intervention would improve dynamic balance after 4 weeks of daily use. Methods Design An exploratory, parallel design, randomized control trial was conducted, in which the independent variable was the intervention group (foot-toe orthosis and laboratory-issued shoe [FTO] group), the

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Karenina Arrais Guida Modesto, Pedro Ferreira Alves de Oliveira, Hellora Gonçalves Fonseca, Klaus Porto Azevedo, Vinicius Guzzoni, Martim Bottaro, Nicolas Babault and Joao Luiz Quagliotti Durigan

and signed a detailed informed consent form approved by the ethical committee on human research. Design This study was designed as a double-blinded randomized controlled trial. Subjects performed 21 visits to the laboratory: familiarization, pretraining evaluation, 18 training sessions, and

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Leonardo Shigaki, Cynthia Gobbi Alves Araújo, Mariane Guizeline Calderon, Thais Karoline Cezar Costa, Andreo Fernando Aguiar, Leonardo Oliveira Pena Costa and Rubens A. da Silva

the ACSM position. 9 Methods Design This study was a randomized controlled trial conducted in the Center for Health Science Research at the Laboratory of Functional Evaluation and Human Motor Performance (LAFUP), UNOPAR, Londrina-PR, Brazil. The study was conducted according to Resolution 466/2012 of

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Pedro Lopez, Mikel Izquierdo, Regis Radaelli, Graciele Sbruzzi, Rafael Grazioli, Ronei Silveira Pinto and Eduardo Lusa Cadore

past 12 years, using the following electronic databases: MEDLINE, accessed through PubMed; SPORTDiscus; and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. We proposed to explore this period due to a greater quantity of articles published in the past 12 years about frailty and physical exercise

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Lisa Price, Katrina Wyatt, Jenny Lloyd, Charles Abraham, Siobhan Creanor, Sarah Dean and Melvyn Hillsdon

Assessing children’s physical activity (PA) using accelerometry is now common place in cohort studies ( 2 , 6 , 9 ) and randomized controlled trials ( 14 , 32 ). However, researchers still face challenges regarding choice of minimum wear-time criteria and participant compliance (ie, those who meet