The purpose of this investigation was to examine whether the relationships between contextual factors and basic psychological needs were related to antisocial and prosocial behavior in sport. A two-study project employing Bayesian path analysis was conducted with competitive athletes (Study 1, n = 291; Study 2, n = 272). Coach and teammate autonomy-supportive climates had meaningful direct relations with need satisfaction and prosocial behavior. Coach and teammate controlling climates had meaningful direct relations with antisocial behavior. Need satisfaction was both directly and indirectly related with both prosocial and antisocial behavior, whereas moral disengagement was directly and indirectly related with antisocial behavior. Overall, these findings reflected substantial evidence from the literature on self-determination theory that autonomy-supportive motivational climates are important environmental influences for need satisfaction, and are important correlates of prosocial behavior in sport, whereas controlling coach and teammate climates, along with moral disengagement, were important correlates of antisocial behavior in sport.
Ken Hodge and Daniel F. Gucciardi
Ken Hodge, Elaine A. Hargreaves, David Gerrard and Chris Lonsdale
We examined whether constructs outlined in self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 2002), namely, autonomy-supportive and controlling motivational climates and autonomous and controlled motivation, were related to attitudes toward performance-enhancing drugs (PEDs) in sport and drug-taking susceptibility. We also investigated moral disengagement as a potential mediator. We surveyed a sample of 224 competitive athletes (59% female; M age = 20.3 years; M = 10.2 years of experience participating in their sport), including 81 elite athletes. Using structural equation modeling analyses, our hypothesis proposing positive relationships with controlling climates, controlled motivation, and PEDs attitudes and susceptibility was largely supported, whereas our hypothesis proposing negative relationships among autonomous climate, autonomous motivation, and PEDs attitudes and susceptibility was not supported. Moral disengagement was a strong predictor of positive attitudes toward PEDs, which, in turn, was a strong predictor of PEDs susceptibility. These findings are discussed from both motivational and moral disengagement viewpoints.
Doug Cooper and Justine Allen
of work generally supports the tenets of AGT and SDT, in particular, that task-involving and autonomy-supportive climates are associated with adaptive motivational outcomes, and ego-involving and controlling climates are associated with maladaptive outcomes for participants ( Harwood, Keegan, Smith
Basia Belza, Christina E. Miyawaki, Peg Allen, Diane K. King, David X. Marquez, Dina L. Jones, Sarah Janicek, Dori Rosenberg and David R. Brown
Providers Site features Safe, peaceful, quiet, accessible, clean, convenient, spacious, climate-controlled Climate-controlled, indoor, safe, clean, accessible hours, large, public restroom, water fountain, benches well-lit, nice flooring, beautiful vistas, free parking Walking program features Set their own
Daniel Milton, Paul R. Appleton, Anna Bryant and Joan L. Duda
relationship between autonomy supportive and socially supportive climates in PE with the satisfaction of pupils’ psychological needs, autonomous motivation, well-being, and effective functioning. By contrast, controlling climates positively predict students’ unsatisfied and thwarted psychological needs