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David P. Looney, Mark J. Buller, Andrei V. Gribok, Jayme L. Leger, Adam W. Potter, William V. Rumpler, William J. Tharion, Alexander P. Welles, Karl E. Friedl, and Reed W. Hoyt

In healthcare and in general living conditions body core temperature (CT) is considered one of the most informative indicators of thermal stress ( Montain, Sawka, Cadarette, Quigley, & McKay, 1994 ; Sawka et al., 2001 ), a key indicator in thermal comfort ( Gagge et al., 1967 ), and has a wide

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Christopher John Stevens, Megan L. Ross, Julien D. Périard, Brent S. Vallance, and Louise M. Burke

investigation were to present a brief summary of the core temperature responses of elite race walkers during competition, as well as the use of cooling strategies, and symptoms of heat illness. Methods Subjects A total of 14 elite/preelite racewalking athletes participated in this study including 9 females (age

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Mitchell J. Henderson, Bryna C.R. Chrismas, Christopher J. Stevens, Aaron J. Coutts, and Lee Taylor

.0 (37.8 to 38.6) 37.7 (37.2 to 38.0) 37.9 (37.7 to 38.2) 0.4 (0.3 to 0.7) 0.8 (0.6 to 1.2) 1.2 (0.7 to 1.6) 6.6 19:50–20:06 Abbreviations: BL, baseline; CWI, cold-water immersion; min, minimum; Tc, core temperature; WBGT, wet-bulb globe temperature; WU, warm-up. Note: Data are presented as median

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Lee Taylor, Christopher J. Stevens, Heidi R. Thornton, Nick Poulos, and Bryna C.R. Chrismas

During World Rugby Sevens Series (WRSS) match play in temperate (wet bulb globe temperature range: 14–19.2°C) and warm (wet bulb globe temperature range: 25–27°C) conditions, peak player core temperatures ( T c ) of 39.6°C and 39.9°C, respectively, have been observed. 1 When T c is >39°C

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Jessica M. Stephens, Ken Sharpe, Christopher Gore, Joanna Miller, Gary J. Slater, Nathan Versey, Jeremiah Peiffer, Rob Duffield, Geoffrey M. Minett, David Crampton, Alan Dunne, Christopher D. Askew, and Shona L. Halson

attributed the enhanced recovery of maximal voluntary contraction force to faster return of central activation, which is the result of larger CWI-induced reductions in core temperature ( T c ). 3 With hyperthermia-mediated fatigue being a key fatiguing factor for many forms of exercise, 1 a greater

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Sebastian Keller, Simon Kohne, Hannah L. Notbohm, Wilhelm Bloch, and Moritz Schumann

temperature, humidity, baseline urine specific gravity, and body mass loss were similar in both exercise conditions (Table  1 ). Core Temperature For Tcore, a statistical main effect was observed for time ( P  < .001) and interaction ( P  = .004). Tcore statistically increased in ICE by +5.1% (1.1%) ( P

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Coen C.W.G. Bongers, Dominique S.M. ten Haaf, Nicholas Ravanelli, Thijs M.H. Eijsvogels, and Maria T.E. Hopman

.2015 26316511 8. Gagnon D , Dorman LE , Jay O , Hardcastle S , Kenny GP . Core temperature differences between males and females during intermittent exercise: physical considerations . Eur J Appl Physiol . 2009 ; 105 ( 3 ): 453 – 461 . PubMed ID: 19018561 doi:10.1007/s00421-008-0923-3 19018561

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Mitchell J. Henderson, Bryna C.R. Chrismas, Christopher J. Stevens, Job Fransen, Aaron J. Coutts, and Lee Taylor

 m·s −1 ), maximum speeds of 8.05 (0.55) m·s −1 , maximum accelerations of 3.49 (0.38) m·s −2 , and 12.6 (4.7) impacts greater than 10 g . 11 These demands have been shown to elicit high core temperatures (Tc; 37.9°C–39.8°C), even in temperate conditions (18.9°C–20.1°C wet bulb globe temperature

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Myles C. Dennis, Paul S.R. Goods, Martyn J. Binnie, Olivier Girard, Karen E. Wallman, Brian T. Dawson, and Peter Peeling

30°C to 35°C can increase acute repeated-sprint performance without deleterious heat stress. 10 This effect generally occurs if the core temperature (Tc) is kept below 38.5°C. However, it remains unclear how hypoxic exposure may affect these recommendations. The literature has independently

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Maria Misailidi, Konstantinos Mantzios, Christos Papakonstantinou, Leonidas G. Ioannou, and Andreas D. Flouris

minutes of warm-up and free fluid consumption. Three new tennis balls were used for each set with the players retrieving balls between points. Head–neck precooling included wearing a cooling cap (Welkinsmed, Downers Grove, IL) before warm-up until core temperature dropped by 0.5°C from its baseline value