This study examined how practitioners who provide sport psychology support use counseling principles and skills to develop practitioner-athlete relationships. Semistructured interviews were conducted with thirteen competent practitioners (Mean age = 41.2 ± 10.9 years old, five men, eight women). Thematic analysis revealed that the participants used a range of counseling principles to develop practitioner-athlete relationships including: the facilitative conditions, self-disclosure, counseling skills, the formation of working alliances, and awareness of the unreal relationship. The participants also described using noncounseling strategies (e.g., gaining an understanding of the athlete’s sporting environment) to build relationships with their athletes. There was considerable variation between the participants both in the training that they had received in counseling principles and skills, and how they applied them. It was concluded that counseling principles and skills play a significant role in the development of practitioner-athlete relationships.
Gina M. Besenyi, Emi B. Hayashi and Richard W. Christiana
currently in progress. 47 – 49 Despite the clinical and cost effectiveness of prescribing PA for chronic disease prevention, patient counseling on PA remains underutilized. 50 , 51 For example, one study found that PA counseling occurred in <30% of patient visits. 52 Another study found that even when PA
William C. Way, Ashley M. Coker-Cranney and Jack C. Watson II
, Bershad, and Gorman ( 2017 ) recently found that only 18 of 621 college counseling centers had practitioners embedded within the institution’s athletic department. Regardless of location, Cox, Ross-Stewart, and Foltz ( 2017 ) found that roughly one-quarter of student-athletes did not know how to access
Rory J. Mack, Jeff D. Breckon, Paul D. O’Halloran and Joanne Butt
from counseling and clinical psychologies with athletes. To date, these include CB therapy (CBT; McArdle & Moore, 2012 ) and derivatives of this approach (e.g., rational-emotive-behavior therapy; Turner & Barker, 2014 ), solution-focused therapy ( Høigaard & Johansen, 2004 ), and third-wave therapies
Robert C. Hilliard, Lorenzo A. Redmond and Jack C. Watson II
counseling in college students (e.g., Eisenberg, Downs, Golberstein, & Zivin, 2009 ; Topkaya, Vogel, & Brenner, 2017 ; Vogel, Wade, & Hackler, 2007 ). These findings have been found consistently across several cultures (e.g., Topkaya et al., 2017 ; Vogel et al., 2017 ), suggesting that it could be a
Matthew D. Bird, Graig M. Chow, Gily Meir and Jaison Freeman
numerous barriers they face when seeking help. Barriers faced by student-athletes include stigma ( Gulliver, Griffiths, & Christensen, 2012 ), a lack of time ( Lopez & Levy, 2013 ), and a less favorable attitude toward help-seeking when compared to non-athletes ( Watson, 2005 ). Online counseling (OC
Anass Arrogi, Astrid Schotte, An Bogaerts, Filip Boen and Jan Seghers
, organizational, and environmental). 1 There is accumulating evidence supporting the effectiveness of workplace physical activity (PA) interventions. 1 – 4 At the intrapersonal level, worksite individualized counseling has been found to be efficacious. 5 More specifically, individualized PA counseling
Assumpta Ensenyat, Gemma Espigares-Tribo, Leonardo Machado-Da-Silva, Xenia Sinfreu-Bergués and Alfonso Blanco
cardiometabolic risk factors, to the best of our knowledge, there are no data on the effectiveness of AIT as an intervention tool when implemented alongside lifestyle counseling in primary care. Detractors claim that high-intensity interval training is not an appropriate or sustainable form of exercise as it
Marjo B. Rinne, Seppo I. Miilunpalo and Ari O. Heinonen
There is a lack of knowledge of the motor abilities required in different exercise modes which are needed when counseling sedentary middle-aged people to start a physically active lifestyle.
Nominal group technique was used to establish the consensus statement concerning motor abilities and physical fitness in 31 exercise modes.
Walking, running, jogging, and calisthenics were regarded as the most suitable exercise modes for most people with no specific requirements. The most demanding exercise modes of evaluated exercise modes were roller skating, downhill skiing, and martial arts, requiring all five motor abilities. Four abilities were necessary in skating, jazz dance, and ice hockey. When exercising is target-oriented, endurance is trained evidently in 27 out of 31 and muscle strength in 22 out of 31 exercise modes.
The consensus statement gives theoretical basis for the components of motor abilities and physical fitness components in different exercise modes. The statement is instructive in order to promote health-enhancing physical activity among sedentary people. This study completes the selection of the exercise modes more detailed than current PA recommendation and guidelines for public health. A variety of exercise modes with one or none motor requirements is available to start. When amount and intensity of exercise is increased the training effects can be found in most components of motor ability and physical fitness.
James R. Vallerand, Ryan E. Rhodes, Gordan J. Walker and Kerry S. Courneya
participants adhere to a set exercise behavior target in a highly-controlled setting, and, thus, rarely target key theory-based correlates of exercise behavior for the purpose of supporting participants self-manage their own pursuit of increasing their exercise behavior. 10 Conversely, telephone counseling