, or mental health conditions ( McTiernan et al., 2019 ; Reiner et al., 2013 ). In the global action plan on PA, the WHO ( 2018 ) highlights individual counseling as one important promotion strategy. Different counseling concepts on PA are available (for an overview see Supplementary Material S1
Nina Schorno, Vanessa Gut, Achim Conzelmann, and Julia Schmid
Fran Longstaff and Misia Gervis
This study examined how practitioners who provide sport psychology support use counseling principles and skills to develop practitioner-athlete relationships. Semistructured interviews were conducted with thirteen competent practitioners (Mean age = 41.2 ± 10.9 years old, five men, eight women). Thematic analysis revealed that the participants used a range of counseling principles to develop practitioner-athlete relationships including: the facilitative conditions, self-disclosure, counseling skills, the formation of working alliances, and awareness of the unreal relationship. The participants also described using noncounseling strategies (e.g., gaining an understanding of the athlete’s sporting environment) to build relationships with their athletes. There was considerable variation between the participants both in the training that they had received in counseling principles and skills, and how they applied them. It was concluded that counseling principles and skills play a significant role in the development of practitioner-athlete relationships.
Gina M. Besenyi, Emi B. Hayashi, and Richard W. Christiana
currently in progress. 47 – 49 Despite the clinical and cost effectiveness of prescribing PA for chronic disease prevention, patient counseling on PA remains underutilized. 50 , 51 For example, one study found that PA counseling occurred in <30% of patient visits. 52 Another study found that even when PA
William C. Way, Ashley M. Coker-Cranney, and Jack C. Watson II
, Bershad, and Gorman ( 2017 ) recently found that only 18 of 621 college counseling centers had practitioners embedded within the institution’s athletic department. Regardless of location, Cox, Ross-Stewart, and Foltz ( 2017 ) found that roughly one-quarter of student-athletes did not know how to access
Rory J. Mack, Jeff D. Breckon, Paul D. O’Halloran, and Joanne Butt
from counseling and clinical psychologies with athletes. To date, these include CB therapy (CBT; McArdle & Moore, 2012 ) and derivatives of this approach (e.g., rational-emotive-behavior therapy; Turner & Barker, 2014 ), solution-focused therapy ( Høigaard & Johansen, 2004 ), and third-wave therapies
Lindsey E. Slavin, Tess M. Palmateer, Trent A. Petrie, and E. Whitney G. Moore
anxiety and 20% (11.7% male and 22.5% female) with depression ( ACHA-NCHA II, 2019 ). Despite these high levels of psychological distress in this cohort, the use of mental health counseling remains low ( Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2018 ). Among young adults aged 18–25 years
Robert C. Hilliard, Lorenzo A. Redmond, and Jack C. Watson II
counseling in college students (e.g., Eisenberg, Downs, Golberstein, & Zivin, 2009 ; Topkaya, Vogel, & Brenner, 2017 ; Vogel, Wade, & Hackler, 2007 ). These findings have been found consistently across several cultures (e.g., Topkaya et al., 2017 ; Vogel et al., 2017 ), suggesting that it could be a
Marjo B. Rinne, Seppo I. Miilunpalo, and Ari O. Heinonen
There is a lack of knowledge of the motor abilities required in different exercise modes which are needed when counseling sedentary middle-aged people to start a physically active lifestyle.
Nominal group technique was used to establish the consensus statement concerning motor abilities and physical fitness in 31 exercise modes.
Walking, running, jogging, and calisthenics were regarded as the most suitable exercise modes for most people with no specific requirements. The most demanding exercise modes of evaluated exercise modes were roller skating, downhill skiing, and martial arts, requiring all five motor abilities. Four abilities were necessary in skating, jazz dance, and ice hockey. When exercising is target-oriented, endurance is trained evidently in 27 out of 31 and muscle strength in 22 out of 31 exercise modes.
The consensus statement gives theoretical basis for the components of motor abilities and physical fitness components in different exercise modes. The statement is instructive in order to promote health-enhancing physical activity among sedentary people. This study completes the selection of the exercise modes more detailed than current PA recommendation and guidelines for public health. A variety of exercise modes with one or none motor requirements is available to start. When amount and intensity of exercise is increased the training effects can be found in most components of motor ability and physical fitness.
Matthew D. Bird, Graig M. Chow, Gily Meir, and Jaison Freeman
numerous barriers they face when seeking help. Barriers faced by student-athletes include stigma ( Gulliver, Griffiths, & Christensen, 2012 ), a lack of time ( Lopez & Levy, 2013 ), and a less favorable attitude toward help-seeking when compared to non-athletes ( Watson, 2005 ). Online counseling (OC
Krista Van Slingerland, Natalie Durand-Bush, Poppy DesClouds, and Göran Kenttä
include psychological-skills training and assessment, mental health, and coaching psychology. Dr. Durand-Bush has taught graduate counseling and mental training courses for the past 2 decades. She is also a professional member of the CSPA and has been practicing as an MPC for 25 years. As a result of the