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Anders Raustorp, Peter Pagels, Cecilia Boldemann, Nilda Cosco, Margareta Söderström and Fredrika Mårtensson

Background:

It is important to understand the correlates of physical activity (PA) to influence policy and create environments that promote PA among preschool children. We compared preschoolers’ PA in Swedish and in US settings and objectively examined differences boys’ and girls’ indoor and outdoor PA regarding different intensity levels and sedentary behavior.

Methods:

Accelerometer determined PA in 50 children with mean age 52 months, (range 40–67) was recorded during preschool time for 5 consecutive weekdays at 4 sites. The children wore an Actigraph GTIM Monitor.

Results:

Raleigh preschool children, opposite to Malmö preschoolers spent significantly more time indoors than outdoors (P < .001). Significantly more moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) was observed outdoors (P < .001) in both settings. Malmö children accumulated significantly more counts/min indoors (P < .001). The percent of MVPA during outdoor time did not differ between children at Raleigh and Malmö.

Conclusion:

Physical activity counts/minutes was significantly higher outdoors vs. indoors in both Malmö and Raleigh. Malmö preschoolers spent 47% of attendance time outdoors compared with 18% for Raleigh preschoolers which could have influenced the difference in preschool activity between the 2 countries. Time spent in MVPA at preschool was very limited and predominantly adopted outdoors.

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Jo Welsman

mSRT scores on over a million children aged from 9 to 17 years have been used to estimate peak V ˙ O 2 and collate values ratio-scaled with body mass into international aerobic fitness “norms” ( 21 ); and inter-country comparisons of “who are the fittest?” based on peak V ˙ O 2 predicted from 20

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Jasmin Bhawra, Priyanka Chopra, Ranjani Harish, Anjana Mohan, Krishnaveni V. Ghattu, Kumaran Kalyanaraman and Tarun R. Katapally

-Oyeyinka O . ( 2012 ). State of the urban youth 2012/2013 . Nairobi, Kenya : United National Human Settlements Programme . 4. Guthold R , Cowan MJ , Autenrieth CS , Kann L , Riley LM . Physical activity and sedentary behavior among schoolchildren: a 34-country comparison . J Pediatr

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Dawn M. Tladi, Malebogo Monnaatsie, Sheila Shaibu, Gaonyadiwe Sinombe, Gaonyadiwe G. Mokone, Lesego Gabaitiri, Leapetswe Malete and Hubona Omphile

. Physical activity and sedentary behavior among schoolchildren: a 34-country comparison . J Pediatr . 2010 ; 157 ( 1 ): 43 – 49.e1 . doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2010.01.019 20304415 10.1016/j.jpeds.2010.01.019 5. World Health Organization . Botswana Non-Communicable Diseases Risk Factor Surveillance . Botswana

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Hideyuki E Izumi and Masaaki Tsuruike

possible. # Other includes clinical doctoral degrees, MD, which were less than 5. Statistical Analysis To compare patterns of practice, we used the Fisher exact test to compare task frequency ratings among the three countries (α < .05). A Bonferroni adjustment was used for the inter-country comparison

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Anderson Henry Pereira Feitoza, Rafael dos Santos Henrique, Lisa M. Barnett, Alessandro Hervaldo Nicolai Ré, Vítor Pires Lopes, E. Kipling Webster, Leah E. Robinson, Wivianne A. Cavalcante and Maria Teresa Cattuzzo

and race were collected in each country. Nevertheless, to our knowledge, this is the first country comparison study of PMC in a large sample of young children from four different countries and continents. This study provides preliminary findings and future work should collect similar data on

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Morgan N. Clennin and Russell R. Pate

; 149 ( 1 ): 46 – 53 . PubMed ID: 15660033 doi:10.1016/j.ahj.2004.07.016 15660033 10.1016/j.ahj.2004.07.016 2. Lang JJ , Tremblay MS , Léger L , Olds T , Tomkinson GR . International variability in 20 m shuttle run performance in children and youth: who are the fittest from a 50-country

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Neil Armstrong

shuttle run performance in children and youth: who are the fittest from a 50-country comparison? A systematic literature review with pooling of aggregate results . Br J Sports Med . E-pub ahead of print  2017 . doi:10.1136/bjsports-2016-096224 15. Lang JJ , Tremblay MS , Ortega FB , Ruiz JR

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Robert W. Motl and Rachel Bollaert

Education and Behavior, 31 , 143 – 164 . PubMed ID: 15090118 doi: 10.1177/1090198104263660 Bauman , A. , Ainsworth , B.E. , Sallis , J.F. , Hagstromer , M. , Craig , C.L. , Bull , F.C. , . . . Sjostrom , M. ( 2011 ). The descriptive epidemiology of sitting: A 20-country comparison using

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Rawan Hashem, Juan P. Rey-López, Mark Hamer, Anne McMunn, Peter H. Whincup, Christopher G. Owen, Alex Rowlands and Emmanuel Stamatakis

LM . Physical activity and sedentary behavior among schoolchildren: a 34-country comparison . J Pediatr . 2010 ; 157 ( 1 ): 43 – 49.e1 . PubMed doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2010.01.019 20304415 10.1016/j.jpeds.2010.01.019 5. Allafi A , Al-Haifi AR , Al-Fayez MA , et al . Physical activity