Youth with intellectual disabilities (IDs) demonstrate below-criteria motor competence (MC) compared with typically developing (TD) youth. Whether differences in MC exist for youth with ID from different countries is unknown. This study examined the MC of youth with ID from Brazil (BR) and the United States (US) and compared it with norms for TD youth as established by the Bruininks–Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency (BOT-2). The authors measured 19 BOT-2 test items for bilateral coordination, balance, and upper limb coordination of 502 youth (BR = 252, US = 250) with ID (6–21 years). Raw scores were converted to %ceiling (percentile of highest expected scores). For all test items, no significant differences were seen between BR and US participants in %ceiling scores. Participants from both countries demonstrated equivalent to slightly below BOT-2 norms in 14 of the 19 test items, with lowest scores seen in contralateral synchronizing bilateral coordination, balancing on one leg, and ball handling.
Fabio Bertapelli, Ken Pitetti, Ruth A. Miller, Adam Jaeger, Michael Loovis, Wilson D. do Amaral-Junior, Marcos M. de Barros-Filho, and Gil Guerra-Junior
François Rodrigue, Pierre Trudel, and Jennifer Boyd
roles and working conditions of coaches (volunteer, professional, part-time, full-time, etc.), variations between sports, and country-specific differences ( Duffy et al., 2011 ). In an attempt to map the roles played by different actors contributing to the coaches’ learning journey, a table was created
Pamela Wicker and Paul Downward
administrative, sport-related, and operational roles by country, ranked by life satisfaction. The mean values reveal country-specific differences in volunteering and life satisfaction levels, with Northern European and Scandinavian countries revealing greater levels of life satisfaction and higher engagement