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William D. Parham

The ascendance of cultural sport psychology as a concentrated focus of academic inquiry is timely, and emergent investigations therein represent welcome areas of scholarship. The invitation embedded in this forthcoming discussion to sport psychology researchers and practitioners to stretch beyond their comfort zones is being extended with a request to consider pursuing sport psychology research and practice with a “more of thee and less of me” mindset. The North Star goals articulated herein are to stimulate avant-garde and imaginative thinking by expanding the concepts of reflective practice and reflexivity, thereby creating a portal through which to see how perceived stumbling blocks to overcoming traditional approaches to the study of sport psychology can be transformed into stepping stones. Six premises provide the context within which this discussion is presented. Collectively, these premises support and raise caution about the scientific method and suggest that the time has come to rethink commonly held beliefs about color-blindness, melting pot formulations, and alleged-to-be-absent historical and contemporary cultural influences on in-the-moment interpersonal interactions. A context-sensitive across-cultures communication model is offered as a way of synthesizing the premises and creating a portal through which to enter into new domains of investigative inquiry. Implications for the future of sport psychology relative to research, practice, training, and consultation will be offered for consideration.

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Mark Dyreson

course, I would foreground the contributions of my own field—history. Indeed, any historian worth her or his salt could easily compile an enormous list of books and articles that not only take sport and physical activity “seriously” but also recognize the concept of culture as the cornerstone of Clio

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Julianne A. Wenner, Kimberly M.B. Tucker, Hannah G. Calvert, Tyler G. Johnson and Lindsey Turner

students to accrue PA, as well as opportunities to learn the knowledge, skills, and dispositions for PA. These opportunities are regularly provided during physical education (PE) classes, but there is a growing recognition that cultivating a positive culture around PA cannot solely be accomplished within

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Moss E. Norman, Michael Hart and LeAnne Petherick

definition of “Indigenous masculinity” given the diversity of Indigenous nations, cultures and communities, many of which do not necessarily share common gender epistemologies ( Hokowhitu, 2015 ; McKegney, 2011 ; Robidoux, 2006a ). Rather, we trace after the processes through which a particular form of

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Blandine Bril

motor learning better? Is culture just an additional factor that “exerts direct influence over the potential structure of the movement” ( Higgins, 1985 , p. 140)? Ethnographic data clearly show that morphological and biomechanical factors are not the only ones to influence how a motor task is solved

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Lauren C. Hindman and Nefertiti A. Walker

women in sport, an industry considered ripe with hegemonic masculinity and gender inequality, be met with? A 2018 Sports Illustrated investigative report offered one such glimpse, detailing the “corrosive workplace culture” of the National Basketball Association’s Dallas Mavericks. The report examined

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W. James Weese

The areas of leadership and organizational culture continue to capture the interest of researchers and practitioners alike. Some suggest that these two areas might hold the key to understanding and predicting organizational effectiveness. Others remain skeptical, offering that effectiveness is determined by a variety of factors, many of which fall beyond the scope of the leader's influence or the culture of the organization. The purpose of this preliminary investigation was to explore the relationships that exist between transformational leadership (measured by the Leadership Behavior Questionnaire, organizational culture (measured by the Culture Strength Assessment), and organizational effectiveness (measured by the Target Population Satisfaction Index) in the campus recreation programs of both the Big Ten and Mid-American Conferences (N = 19). The directors of these programs were given considerable levels of job autonomy to lead their respective programs as well as the opportunity to alter and/or imbed a desired culture during their administration. Significant differences were uncovered in both conferences for executive transformational leadership and organizational effectiveness. However, no significant relationship was uncovered between transformational leadership and organizational effectiveness. A significant relationship was discovered between organizational culture strength and organizational effectiveness.

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Jules Woolf, Jess C. Dixon, B. Christine Green and Patrick J. Hill

environment and culture of the DAR. He knew he had to map the strategic future for the departments under his purview. Perhaps now was a good time to take a closer look at the notes he had taken, and the data collected. Christiaan Jacobs Jacobs joined USCO as Dean of Student Affairs six months ago, following a

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Martin S. Hagger, Nikos L.D. Chatzisarantis, Vassilis Barkoukis, John C.K. Wang, Vello Hein, Maret Pihu, Istvan Soós and Istvan Karsai

The present study tested the cross-cultural generalizability of the measurement and structural parameters of the theory of planned behavior (TPB) among youth in a physical activity context. Pupils from five cultural groups completed measures of attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control (PBC), and intentions for physical activity. Five weeks later, participants completed self-report measures of physical activity behavior. Confirmatory factor analyses and multisample structural equation models revealed well-fitting models within each sample with minimal variations in the measurement parameters across cultures. There were a few significant cross-cultural differences in the structural relations among the TPB constructs. Attitudes predicted intentions in all samples (β range = .300 to .550), whereas the effect of the subjective norms on intention was nonsignificant in all but the Hungarian sample (β = .243). Conversely, the effect of PBC on intentions was significant (β range = .302 to .573) in all but the Hungarian sample. Findings support the generalizability of the measures and pattern of effects for the TPB among young people in a physical activity context.

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Melissa L. Breger, Margery J. Holman and Michelle D. Guerrero

with a power differential that advantages men, creates a culture of entitlement that continues to privilege men’s sport, and views women as interlopers. National Sport Organizations, universities and colleges, and community sport all need to take broader responsibility for a culture that allows