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Matthew Sitch and Melissa Day

Making weight refers to the process of reducing body weight to compete in weight-categorized sports. The current study explored judo athletes’ psychological experiences of making weight. Six international standard judo athletes participated for the length of time they required to make weight. An unstructured diary was used to collect data daily, supported by a follow-up interview. Data were analyzed using a holistic content analysis. Emergent themes included initiating the making weight process, competing demands of dual roles, temptation, impacts of restricted nutrition, and the desire for social support. Athlete stories provided rich descriptions of their experiences, revealing the extent to which difficulties were concealed and the process of making weight was normalized. Their accounts highlight the challenges associated with social support but the value of emotional disclosure. Future research should explore the potential uses of diaries as a form of disclosure.

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Amanda L. Hyde, David E. Conroy, Aaron L. Pincus and Nilam Ram

Physical activity is a widely accessible and effective tool for improving well-being. This study aimed to unpack the feel-good effects of free-time physical activity. Multilevel models were applied to repeated measures of daily free-time physical activity and four types of feeling states obtained from 190 undergraduate students. Physical activity was not associated with pleasant–deactivated, unpleasant–activated, or unpleasant–deactivated feelings. People who were more physically active overall had higher pleasant–activated feelings than people who were less physically active, and on days when people were more physically active than was typical for them, they reported higher levels of pleasant–activated feelings. Both the between- and within-person associations remained significant after controlling for day of week, sleep quality, and carryover effects of previous day free-time physical activity and feeling states. Results suggest that both increases in overall levels and acute bouts of free-time physical activity are associated with increases in feelings of pleasant-activation.

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Patricia A. Sharpe, Sara Wilcox, Laura J. Rooney, Donna Strong, Rosie Hopkins-Campbell, Jean Butel, Barbara Ainsworth and Deborah Parra-Medina


Objective measurement of physical activity with accelerometers is a challenging task in community-based intervention research. Challenges include distribution of and orientation to monitors, nonwear, incorrect placement, and loss of equipment. Data collection among participants from disadvantaged populations may be further hindered by factors such as transportation challenges, competing responsibilities, and cultural considerations.


Research staff distributed accelerometers and provided an orientation that was tailored to the population group. General adherence strategies such as follow-up calls, daily diaries, verbal and written instructions, and incentives were accompanied by population-specific strategies such as assisting with transportation, reducing obstacles to wearing the accelerometer, tailoring the message to the participant population, and creating a nonjudgmental environment.


Sixty women asked to wear the Actigraph GT1M returned the accelerometer, and 57 of them provided sufficient data for analysis (at least 10 hours a day for a minimum of 4 days) resulting in 95% adherence to the protocol. Participants wore the accelerometers for an average of 5.98 days and 13.15 hours per day.


The high accelerometer monitoring adherence among this group of economically disadvantaged women demonstrates that collection of high-quality, objective physical activity data from disadvantaged populations in field-based research is possible.

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Sharon Hetherington, Paul Swinton, Tim Henwood, Justin Keogh, Paul Gardiner, Anthony Tuckett, Kevin Rouse and Tracy Comans

group) was self-reported and collected using daily diaries. The participants recorded (yes or no) on a daily basis whether they visited their general practitioner, visited another medical specialist, went to the emergency department, or had an overnight hospital stay. In support of the use of daily

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John B. Nezlek, Marzena Cypryańska, Piotr Cypryański, Karolina Chlebosz, Karolina Jenczylik, Joanna Sztachańska and Anna M. Zalewska

that the time between measurements (1 week) was too long to capture lagged relationships involving these constructs. In daily diary studies, lags are typically 1 day (e.g.,  Nezlek, Newman, & Thrash, 2017 ). Alternatively, the lag may have been too short. The lags in the previously mentioned studies

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Review, 7 (1), 23–44. doi: 10.1080/21640629.2017.1317173 The paper explores the experiences of a single academy manager (AM) through the process of implementing organisational change in a Premier League club. The researchers collected data with daily diaries and four semi-structured interviews conducted

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Mandy Peacock, Julie Netto, Polly Yeung, Joanne McVeigh and Anne-Marie Hill

participant was issued a diary and provided with instructions for its use. Participants received an e-mail or telephone call on Day 4, as a reminder to prompt them to complete their daily diaries. Interviews At the end of 7 days, an occupational therapy student, who was trained in conducting interviews

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Tanya McGuane, Stephen Shannon, Lee-Ann Sharp, Martin Dempster and Gavin Breslin

. PubMed ID: 16445307 doi:10.2165/00007256-200636010-00001 10.2165/00007256-200636010-00001 Benson , A.J. , & Bruner , M.W. ( 2018 ). How teammate behaviors relate to athlete affect, cognition, and behaviors: A daily diary approach within youth sport . Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 34 , 119

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Leanne Sawle, Jennifer Freeman and Jonathan Marsden

were asked to wear their orthosis for normal training, sport, and physiotherapy input for a 4-week “intervention” period and complete daily diaries to record usage, training, sport, and physiotherapy input throughout this period. Waiting-List Control Group Athletes were asked to continue normal

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Kent Upham, Brandon J. Auer, Christopher N. Sciamanna, Andrew J. Mowen, Joshua M. Smyth, David E. Conroy, Matthew Silvis, Jennifer L. Kraschnewski, Liza S. Rovniak, Erik Lehman, Kalen Kearcher, Maggie Vizzini and Louis Cesarone

associated with high levels of positive feelings (second to only intimate relations) in a 2004 study of daily diaries by Kahneman et al. 16 Consistent with these findings, our team recently observed, among over 183,000 adults, that those who participated in social-physical play were 40% less likely to