normal anatomical limitations is also important in other dance genres such as modern and contemporary dance. To achieve the ideal esthetic, 90° of anatomical turnout, the amount of natural hip external rotation based on femoral angle, acetabular angle, and the facing on the hip joint, is achieved at each
Type of Turnout and Injury Rates in Elite Dancers: A Critically Appraised Topic
Victoria A. Parr, Marie L. Pettitt, Ryan Krzyzanowicz, Sarah Krzyzanowicz, and Riana R. Pryor
Regular Latin Dancing and Health Education May Improve Cognition of Late Middle-Aged and Older Latinos
David X. Marquez, Robert Wilson, Susan Aguiñaga, Priscilla Vásquez, Louis Fogg, Zhi Yang, JoEllen Wilbur, Susan Hughes, and Charles Spanbauer
the impact of PA on brain health ( Wilcox et al., 2009 ), and thus appear to be a population in need of intervention. Dancing and walking have been cited as the only age-appropriate PA for older Latina women ( Cromwell & Berg, 2006 ). However, unsafe neighborhoods and unfavorable weather conditions
Individualized Training Based on Force–Velocity Profiling During Jumping in Ballet Dancers
Juan A. Escobar Álvarez, Juan P. Fuentes García, Filipe A. Da Conceição, and Pedro Jiménez-Reyes
Dancers are considered as much athletes as artists, due to the excellent physical condition required by their demanding routines and to the aesthetic component assigned to the choreography movements. 1 , 2 Ballet practitioners are required to achieve performance feats such as exciting and dramatic
Randomized Controlled Trial of Social Ballroom Dancing and Treadmill Walking: Preliminary Findings on Executive Function and Neuroplasticity From Dementia-at-Risk Older Adults
Helena M. Blumen, Emmeline Ayers, Cuiling Wang, Anne F. Ambrose, Oshadi Jayakody, and Joe Verghese
, and cognitively stimulating, may be key to generating substantial and sustainable cognitive and brain benefits. Social ballroom dancing is an aerobic, social, and cognitive activity. Previous research suggests that regular participation in social dancing reduces the risk for dementia and improves
On Dancers and Diet
Susan Campbell Sandri
Dancers exhibit compliance problems in adopting advice from nutrition experts. Examination of the situation reveals an inherent culture clash between dancers and nutrition authorities. Dancers need safe methods of achieving an ultralean physique, but the recommendations of most nutritionists do not fit dancers* requirements. This manuscript is intended to provide the nutrition professional with insight into the dancer's needs and cultural/professional perspective on dieting. Dietary problems/disorders that are common among dancers are reviewed. Both general and specific recommendations are made for advising dancers and for designing their diets.
A Comparative Study of the Effects of Pilates and Latin Dance on Static and Dynamic Balance in Older Adults
George Sofianidis, Anna-Maria Dimitriou, and Vassilia Hatzitaki
that after a 3-month systematic practice with Pilates, older individuals have improved dynamic balance, flexibility, reaction time, and muscle strength compared with a control group ( Irez et al., 2011 ). Another very alternative and popular form of exercise is dance. Dance is a form of physical
Effects of Dancing Associated With Resistance Training on Functional Parameters and Quality of Life of Aging Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Lucas Betti Domingues, Carlos Eduado Payano, Maykon da Silva Peres, Vitor Hugo Sant’Anna, Eduardo Lusa Cadore, Josianne da Costa Rodrigues-Krause, and Rodrigo Ferrari
physical activity that can simultaneously improve functionality and increase adherence are particularly important for this population. Dancing programs have been reported to stimulate positive emotions and promote social interaction, self-motivation ( Kaltsatou et al., 2014 ), and emotional and
Trunk Coordination in Dancers and Nondancers
Danielle N. Jarvis, Jo Armour Smith, and Kornelia Kulig
Variability, or how a task changes across trials, may reveal differences between athletes of differing skill levels. The purpose of this study was to examine trunk and lower extremity (LE) single joint kinematic variability and intersegmental coordination variability in dancers and nondancers during bipedal vertical dance jumps (sautés). Twenty healthy females, 10 with no formal dance training and 10 professional dancers, performed 20 consecutive sautés. Single joint kinematic variability was assessed using mean standard deviation of angular displacement, and intersegmental coordination variability was assessed using angular deviation of the coupling angle between segments. Within the context of the standard error of measure, there was no difference in single joint kinematic variability between dancers and nondancers. Intersegmental coordination variability in the trunk was higher than variability in LE couplings for both groups. Dancers had lower intersegmental coordination variability than nondancers for LE sagittal, frontal, and transverse plane couplings, and sagittal plane trunk couplings. Trunk adjustments may be important for successful performance, but lower intersegmental coordination variability in expert dancers indicates a higher level of control. Trunk coordination and postural control may be important factors to investigate in skilled athletes.
Physical Benefits of Dancing for Healthy Older Adults: A Review
Justin W.L. Keogh, Andrew Kilding, Philippa Pidgeon, Linda Ashley, and Dawn Gillis
Dancing is a mode of physical activity that may allow older adults to improve their physical function, health, and well-being. However, no reviews on the physical benefits of dancing for healthy older adults have been published in the scientific literature. Using relevant databases and keywords, 15 training and 3 cross-sectional studies that met the inclusion criteria were reviewed. Grade B–level evidence indicated that older adults can significantly improve their aerobic power, lower body muscle endurance, strength and flexibility, balance, agility, and gait through dancing. Grade C evidence suggested that dancing might improve older adults’ lower body bone-mineral content and muscle power, as well as reduce the prevalence of falls and cardiovascular health risks. Further research is, however, needed to determine the efficacy of different forms of dance, the relative effectiveness of these forms of dance compared with other exercise modes, and how best to engage older adults in dance participation.
Imagining Yourself Dancing to Perfection? Correlates of Perfectionism Among Ballet and Contemporary Dancers
Sanna M. Nordin-Bates, Jennifer Cumming, Danielle Aways, and Lucinda Sharp
The present study investigated perfectionism prevalence and its relationship to imagery and performance anxiety. Two hundred and fifty (N = 250) elite students (66.4% female; M age = 19.19, SD = 2.66) studying mainly classical ballet or contemporary dance in England, Canada, and Australia completed questionnaires assessing perfectionism, imagery, and performance anxiety. Cluster analysis revealed three distinct cohorts: dancers with perfectionistic tendencies (40.59% of the sample), dancers with moderate perfectionistic tendencies (44.35%), and dancers with no perfectionistic tendencies (15.06%). Notably, these labels are data driven and relative; only eight dancers reported high absolute scores. Dancers with perfectionistic tendencies experienced more debilitative imagery, greater cognitive and somatic anxiety, and lower self-confidence than other dancers. Dancers with moderate perfectionistic tendencies reported midlevel scores for all constructs and experienced somatic anxiety as being more debilitative to performance than did those with no perfectionistic tendencies. Clusters were demographically similar, though more males than females reported no perfectionistic tendencies, and vice versa. In summary, the present findings suggest that “true” perfectionism may be rare in elite dance; however, elements of perfectionism appear common and are associated with maladaptive characteristics.