(Dallas, TX) from 1987 to 1999 and were followed until their date of death or December 31, 2003. The study was reviewed and approved by the institutional review board at the Cooper Institute. Cardiorespiratory Fitness Fitness was assessed by a maximal treadmill exercise test, using a modified Balke
Ítalo Ribeiro Lemes, Xuemei Sui, Stacy L. Fritz, Paul F. Beattie, Carl J. Lavie, Bruna Camilo Turi-Lynch and Steven N. Blair
Anthony Rossi, Tina Claiborne and Jamie Fetter
Key Points ▸ Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is the leading cause of sudden death in young athletes and occurs three times more often in athletes than in nonathletes. ▸ Physical exams, personal history, and family history alone may not be enough to identify risk factors. ▸ Of patients with SCD, 80% are
Duncan Simpson and Lauren P. Elberty
Sudden death by nature is unexpected and unanticipated ( Futterman & Myerburg, 1998 ), often creating feelings of shock and disbelief ( Straub, 2001 ). As people are usually unprepared for such a traumatic experience ( Margola, Facchin, Molgora, & Revenson, 2010 ), they often do not know where to
Anthony Rossi, Tina Claiborne and Jamie Fetter
standard of care. Research shows that 80% of patients who suffer sudden cardiac death are asymptomatic until cardiac arrest occurs. This may suggest that screening by history and physical examination alone is insufficient to identify athletes with life-threatening cardiac conditions. 10 The cardiac
Peter T. Katzmarzyk
Although the prevalence of physical inactivity is high in Canada, few studies have assessed its public health impact.
A cause-deleted methodology was employed to estimate the effects of physical inactivity on life expectancy. Life expectancy in 2002 was estimated from an abridged life table analysis, which was repeated after removing deaths from physical inactivity. Deaths from physical inactivity were estimated from published population-attributable fractions for coronary artery disease, stroke, hypertension, colon cancer, breast cancer, and type 2 diabetes.
Life expectancy was 79.7 y in the total population, 77.2 y in males, and 82.1 y in females. Compared to overall life expectancy, physical inactivity cause-deleted values were 0.86 y lower in the total population, 0.65 y lower in males, and 1.0 y lower in females.
Life expectancy could be increased by over 10 months if Canadians could be encouraged to be physically active.
Ralph A. Vernacchia, James R. Reardon and David R. Templin
This study presents the case of a male university basketball player who died of a heart attack caused by an abnormal heart rhythm (Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome) and describes the various emotional stages his teammates and coaches experienced during the days and months following this tragic incident. The team’s emotional responses to their teammates’ sudden death were categorized into several stages: shock, confusion, and denial; performance resolve; realization of loss; glorification and memorialization; closure and relief; avoidance and debriefing; reentry and acceptance. A modified critical incident stress debriefing process was used by educational and clinical sport psychologists who collaborated to manage and provide care-giving services to team members and coaches.
Mohammad Siahpush, Trish D. Levan, Minh N. Nguyen, Brandon L. Grimm, Athena K. Ramos, Tzeyu L. Michaud and Patrik L. Johansson
disease mortality in the United States using data from the 1998–2009 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), which have been linked to the National Death Index (NDI). Methods Design and Data This study employed a cohort design with all-cause and cause-specific mortality as the endpoints. We utilized
Colin A. Zestcott, Uri Lifshin, Peter Helm and Jeff Greenberg
This research applied insights from terror management theory (TMT; Greenberg, Pyszczynski, & Solomon, 1986) to the world of sport. According to TMT, self-esteem buffers against the potential for death anxiety. Because sport allows people to attain self-esteem, reminders of death may improve performance in sport. In Study 1, a mortality salience induction led to improved performance in a “one-on-one” basketball game. In Study 2, a subtle death prime led to higher scores on a basketball shooting task, which was associated with increased task-related self-esteem. These results may promote our understanding of sport and provide a novel potential way to improve athletic performance.
Riana R. Pryor, Robert A. Huggins and Douglas J. Casa
The aim of the recent Inter-Association Task Force held in Washington, D.C. at the 2013 Youth Safety Summit determined best practice recommendations for preventing sudden death in secondary school athletics. This document highlights the major health and safety practices and policies in high school athletics that are paramount to keep student athletes safe. The purpose of this commentary is to review the findings of the document developed by the task force and to provide possible areas where research is needed to continue to educate medical practitioners, players, coaches, and parents on ways to prevent tragedies from occurring during sport.
Christian C. Evans and Sandra L. Cassady
To describe the underlying conditions that predispose athletes to sudden cardiac death (SCD) and review signs and symptoms that indicate an athlete is at risk.
MEDLINE, the Los Angeles Times and Triathlon Times archives, and other sources identified in the references of articles initially located therein. A total of 43 references were included.
Most cases of SCD in younger athletes (≤35 years) are attributable to multiple hereditary conditions, with familial hyper-trophic cardiomyopathy being the primary cause, whereas the major cause of SCD in older athletes (>35 years) is coronary artery disease. Health-care professionals evaluating athletes should pay particular attention to past medical and family history. Items in an athlete’s screening that suggest increased risk include a history of chest pain, syncope, excessive shortness of breath, irregular heart rate or murmur, or a history of SCD in an immediate family member.