In this paper, we examine a case of “real life” ethical decision-making in sport psychology that occurred in the context of a symposium on sexual transgressions in sport, conducted during a recent professional conference. We use autoethnography (Ellis, 2004), an emergent qualitative methodology combining both literary and ethnographic techniques. In this case study, we analyze the unique perspectives of three key participants to make sense of what happened, why it happened, and how we can avoid similar instances in the future. We theorize and politicize the larger master narratives, which revolved around power, space, time, and symbolic violence. We conclude with recommendations for our sport psychology colleagues related to ethical decision-making, organizational planning of conferences, and being an ally to survivors of sexual abuse.
Lars Dzikus, Leslee A. Fisher and Kate F. Hays
David Cruise Malloy and Dwight H. Zakus
The primary purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the theoretical underpinnings of ethical decision making for the sport administrator. A secondary purpose is to argue for changes to the pedagogical nature and process in sport administration programs so that students have the ability to make decisions with a critically conscious praxis. Four philosophical approaches to ethics and two psychological approaches to moral reasoning are briefly discussed. A synthesis of philosophical and psychological approaches is suggested as a means to understand, in a comprehensive manner, the ethical decision-making behavior of the sport administrator within what may well be a contradiction-based sport organization. Finally, some comments are made on ways that this synthesized approach might be used in a critical active pedagogy in sport administration programs.
Sue L. McPherson
This study examined how conceptual knowledge concerning batting preparation develops with playing experience and how this knowledge influences decision making during a simulated game situation. Twelve experts, their coach, and 12 novices viewed a half-inning of a videotaped collegiate baseball game and assumed the role of the fourth batter. Propositional-type analysis of subjects' think-aloud protocols revealed experts' conceptual representation of batting preparation enabled them to search through a highly restricted problem space, which facilitated the development of sophisticated condition-action rules used to solve the problem. Experts' rules were more tactical, refined, and associated compared to novices' rules. Experts were different from novices in what attributes were considered important to solving the problem. Experts generated self-regulatory strategies to update, check, and modify their predictions of pitcher characteristics. This study provides initial evidence of the nature of adult expert sport performers' conceptual knowledge underlying decision making in sport situations.
Stefanie Hüttermann, Paul R. Ford, A. Mark Williams, Matyas Varga and Nicholas J. Smeeton
, there was sufficient capacity to cope with the change in the response mode. This finding highlights the importance of visual attentional and motor resources when examining the effect of response modes in the study of decision making in sport. This result does not rule out the importance of a sport
Marco J. Konings and Florentina J. Hettinga
. Smits BL , Pepping GJ , Hettinga FJ . Pacing and decision making in sport and exercise: the roles of perception and action in the regulation of exercise intensity . Sport Med . 2014 ; 44 ( 6 ): 763 – 775 . PubMed doi:10.1007/s40279-014-0163-0 10.1007/s40279-014-0163-0 3. Hettinga FJ , De
Arturo Casado and Andrew Renfree
-0020 10.1123/ijspp.2013-0020 6. Smits BL , Pepping GJ , Hettinga FJ . Pacing and decision making in sport and exercise: the roles of perception and action in the regulation of exercise intensity . Sports Med . 2014 ; 44 : 763 – 775 . PubMed ID: 24706362 doi:10.1007/s40279-014-0163-0 10.1007/s
Owen Jeffries, Mark Waldron, Stephen D. Patterson and Brook Galna
, Thompson NN . Pacing strategy and athletic performance . Sports Med . 1994 ; 17 : 77 – 85 . PubMed ID: 8171225 doi:10.2165/00007256-199417020-00001 8171225 10.2165/00007256-199417020-00001 5. Smits BLM , Pepping GJ , Hettinga FJ . Pacing and decision making in sport and exercise: the roles of
Dan Weaving, Clive Beggs, Nicholas Dalton-Barron, Ben Jones and Grant Abt
of decision making in sport performance. 5 – 7 To assist in this process, sports scientists are often tasked with collecting, processing, analyzing, and communicating fitness and performance data, with the aim of providing evidence based and actionable recommendations to coaches. In reality, for
Marco J. Konings and Florentina J. Hettinga
.1007/s40279-013-0091-4 23990402 2. Smits BL , Pepping G-J , Hettinga FJ . Pacing and decision making in sport and exercise: the roles of perception and action in the regulation of exercise intensity . Sports Med . 2014 ; 44 ( 6 ): 763 – 775 . PubMed ID: 24706362 doi:10.1007/s40279
Melissa Hunfalvay and Nicholas Murray
.1080/02701367.1988.10605506 Abernethy , B. ( 1991 ). Visual search strategies and decision making in sport . International Journal of Sport Psychology, 22 , 189 – 210 . Bard , C. , & Fleury , M. ( 1981 ). Considering eye movement as a predictor of attainment . In I.M. Cockerill & W.W. MacGillivary (Eds.), Vision