The research team explored UK trainee sport psychologists’ perspectives on developing professional judgment and decision-making (PJDM) expertise during their British Psychological Society (BPS) Qualification in Sport and Exercise Psychology (QSEP; Stage 2). An assorted analysis approach was adopted to combine an existing longitudinal qualitative data set with the collection and analysis of a new qualitative data set. Participants (female, n = 1; and male, n = 6) were interviewed 4 times over a 3-year training period, at minimum yearly intervals. Interviews were transcribed verbatim, and reflexive thematic analysis applied to transcripts using the theoretical concepts of PJDM. Experience, analytical reasoning, and observation of other practitioners’ practice was useful for developing PJDM expertise. PJDM expertise might be optimised through the use of knowledge elicitation principles. For example, supervisors could embed critical cues within the anecdotes they share to expand the experience base that trainees can draw from when making decisions.
Michelle Smith, Hayley McEwan, David Tod and Amanda Martindale
Stefanie Hüttermann, Paul R. Ford, A. Mark Williams, Matyas Varga and Nicholas J. Smeeton
access to the key information underpinning decision making (e.g., Williams, Davids, & Williams, 1999 ). Several different paradigms have been used to determine the breadth of visual attention, including, among others, the “useful field of view task” ( Wolfe, Dobres, Rosenholtz, & Reimer, 2017 ) and the
Stefanie Hüttermann, Werner F. Helsen, Koen Put and Daniel Memmert
department, police interventions, and air traffic control tower, or in daily situations like sitting in traffic or watching or playing sports, rapid decisions are essential and require fast and intuitive actions. Previous research on decision making has highlighted the importance of a well
Jacinta M. Saldaris, Grant J. Landers and Brendan S. Lay
Cognitive function is the performance of objective tasks that require conscious mental effort and is an emerging area in sport performance. Functions involving decision making, working memory, and executive control are important during many sporting situations and are explored in this study. In
Patrick Ward, Johann Windt and Thomas Kempton
, decisions arise when there are multiple realistic alternatives, with the risk of negative outcomes from taking the wrong position. 3 A prerequisite for effective decision making is reducing uncertainty surrounding the best course of action. Business intelligence units turn data into knowledge and have
Jonathan A. Jensen and T. Bettina Cornwell
sponsorship decision-making. Unlike transactional marketing expenditures, international marketing partnerships such as global sponsorships require nurturance and ongoing maintenance or “sustentation” ( Cornwell, 2014 , p. 68) to ensure that the partnership achieves business objectives. Further, maintaining
Gregory A. Cranmer and Sara LaBelle
to provide a comprehensive theoretical model that accounts for the role of athletes’ relationships with coaches in conjunction with additional barriers. One such model that may assist in this effort is Greene’s ( 2009 ) disclosure decision-making model (DD-MM). The purpose of this study was to apply
Roy David Samuel and Gershon Tenenbaum
This study examined decision-making processes in response to athletic career change-events (e.g., injury, field position change). Athletes’ (N = 338) initial strategic decisions whether to address or ignore a change-event, and their subsequent decisions whether to make the required change were measured using the Change-Event Inventory (Samuel & Tenenbaum, 2011b). Athletes reported a high tendency of making a strategic decision to consult with others, which could be predicted from the event’s perceived significance and availability of professional support. Athletes also reported a high tendency of making a subsequent decision to change, which could be predicted from the helpfulness of support, motivation for change, and certain coping strategies. The two types of decisions were related. Perceived outcome of the change process and athletes’ motivation could also be accurately predicted. In conclusion, to effectively cope with change-events athletes need to feel involved, be in control, and make independent decisions that reflect their genuine needs and wishes.
Peter Catteeuw, Bart Gilis, Arne Jaspers, Johan Wagemans and Werner Helsen
This study investigates the effect of two off-field training formats to improve offside decision making. One group trained with video simulations and another with computer animations. Feedback after every offside situation allowed assistant referees to compensate for the consequences of the flash-lag effect and to improve their decision-making accuracy. First, response accuracy improved and flag errors decreased for both training groups implying that training interventions with feedback taught assistant referees to better deal with the flash-lag effect. Second, the results demonstrated no effect of format, although assistant referees rated video simulations higher for fidelity than computer animations. This implies that a cognitive correction to a perceptual effect can be learned also when the format does not correspond closely with the original perceptual situation. Off-field offside decision-making training should be considered as part of training because it is a considerable help to gain more experience and to improve overall decision-making performance.
Philip A. Furley and Daniel Memmert
The controlled attention theory of working memory capacity (WMC, Engle 2002) suggests that WMC represents a domain free limitation in the ability to control attention and is predictive of an individual’s capability of staying focused, avoiding distraction and impulsive errors. In the present paper we test the predictive power of WMC in computer-based sport decision-making tasks. Experiment 1 demonstrated that high-WMC athletes were better able at focusing their attention on tactical decision making while blocking out irrelevant auditory distraction. Experiment 2 showed that high-WMC athletes were more successful at adapting their tactical decision making according to the situation instead of relying on prepotent inappropriate decisions. The present results provide additional but also unique support for the controlled attention theory of WMC by demonstrating that WMC is predictive of controlling attention in complex settings among different modalities and highlight the importance of working memory in tactical decision making.