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Marc V. Jones, Andrew M. Lane, Steven R. Bray, Mark Uphill and James Catlin

The present paper outlines the development of a sport-specific measure of precompetitive emotion to assess anger, anxiety, dejection, excitement, and happiness. Face, content, factorial, and concurrent validity were examined over four stages. Stage 1 had 264 athletes complete an open-ended questionnaire to identify emotions experienced in sport. The item pool was extended through the inclusion of additional items taken from the literature. In Stage 2 a total of 148 athletes verified the item pool while a separate sample of 49 athletes indicated the extent to which items were representative of the emotions anger, anxiety, dejection, excitement, and happiness. Stage 3 had 518 athletes complete a provisional Sport Emotion Questionnaire (SEQ) before competition. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated that a 22-item and 5-fac-tor structure provided acceptable model fit. Results from Stage 4 supported the criterion validity of the SEQ. The SEQ is proposed as a valid measure of precompetitive emotion for use in sport settings.

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Nicholas Stanger, Ryan Chettle, Jessica Whittle and Jamie Poolton

-Jones ( 2010 ) posited that high-approach affective states (e.g., anger, excitement) result in attentional narrowing, whereas low-approach affective states (e.g., dejection or sadness, happiness) result in broadening of attentional focus. Specifically, positive high-approach affective states (e.g., excitement

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Nicholas L. Holt, Homan Lee, Youngoh Kim and Kyra Klein

The overall purpose of this study was to examine individuals’ experiences of running an ultramarathon. Following pilot work data were collected with six people who entered the 2012 Canadian Death Race. Participants were interviewed before the race, took photographs and made video recordings during the race, wrote a summary of their experience, and attended a focus group after the race. The research team also interviewed participants during the race. Before the race participants had mixed emotions. During the race they experienced numerous stressors (i.e., cramping and injuries, gastrointestinal problems, and thoughts about quitting). They used coping strategies such as making small goals, engaging in a mental/physical battle, monitoring pace, nutrition, and hydration, and social support. After the race, nonfinishers experienced dejection or acceptance whereas finishers commented on the race as a major life experience. These findings provide some insights into factors involved in attempting to complete ultramarathons and offer some implications for applied sport psychology.

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Tracy C. Donachie, Andrew P. Hill and Daniel J. Madigan

to competition, he/she is more likely to feel energized and prepared for competition (e.g.,  Cerin & Barnett, 2006 ). Athletes can also experience negative emotions such as anxiety, anger, and dejection precompetition. In contrast to when an athlete experiences positive emotions, when an athlete

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Alister McCormick, Carla Meijen and Samuele Marcora

anger, anxiety, dejection, excitement, and happiness. The fatigue items of the Brunel Mood Scale ( Terry, Lane, Lane, & Keohane, 1999 ) were included among items. Both measures use the same five-point scale, which ranges from 0 (“Not at all”) to 4 (“Extremely”). Perception of Effort and Pain Nine

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Michael J. Davies, Bradley Clark, Laura A. Garvican-Lewis, Marijke Welvaert, Christopher J. Gore and Kevin G. Thompson

trial. 24 In addition, the Sports Emotion Questionnaire was completed after each trial as a sport-specific measure of postcompetitive emotion to assess anger, anxiety, dejection, excitement, and happiness. 25 Statistical Analysis Data were analyzed with a generalized linear mixed model which included

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, no moderating effects for reappraisal or confidence were revealed. In Study 2, badminton players’ in-game anxiety, dejection, and happiness positively predicted, whereas excitement negatively predicted, cognitive interference during a competitive match. Moreover, reappraisal and confidence moderated

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Timothy J.H. Lathlean, Paul B. Gastin, Stuart V. Newstead and Caroline F. Finch

validated mood scale such as the POMS. 29 , 31 The POMS provides further detail in regard to tension–anxiety, anger–hostility, fatigue–inertia, depression–dejection, vigor–activity, and confusion–bewilderment. A recent systematic review demonstrated that measures of subjective mood disturbance and

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Adele Pavlidis, Millicent Kennelly and Laura Rodriguez Castro

headline, “Diamonds lose sparkle as world netball’s duocracy is shaken up”, with a caption reading, “A dejected Diamonds team at full-time after losing the gold-medal match in the last second”. This image shows with clarity the intense despair and dejection of the sweaty and exhausted Australian netballers

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Peter Olusoga, Marte Bentzen and Goran Kentta

associated with burnout. Stress 28. McNeill, Durand-Bush, and Lemyre ( 2016 ) 5 MIX, F = 2 M = 3 MIX FT IND’L Mixed sports Canada QUAL Interview Narrative MBI-ES Coaches described a variety of emotions including anger, anxiety, apathy, and dejection, which have negative implications on their well-being and