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Lennart Raudsepp and Eva-Maria Riso

and older say their favorite type of exercise is walking ( Stathokostas & Jones, 2016 ). For these reasons, increased walking has been identified as the most likely way that older adults can achieve healthy levels of physical activity ( Niven & Markland, 2016 ). Depressive symptoms are defined as

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Lennart Raudsepp and Kristi Vink

motivate children to be physically active and to develop lifelong attitudes and habits of healthy lifestyle behaviors. 8 , 13 During the few years from early to middle adolescence, levels of depressive symptoms rise sharply, particularly among girls. 14 Studies from Europe 15 and from North America 16

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Rebecca A. Schlaff, Meghan Baruth, Faith C. LaFramboise, and Samantha J. Deere

Depressive symptoms are common after childbirth, and they can have a significant impact on women and their families. 1 – 3 Within a US population-based sample of women 2 to 9 months postpartum, nearly 12% of women reported experiencing depressive symptoms. 3 Prevalence estimates for clinically

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Matthieu P. Boisgontier, Dan Orsholits, Martina von Arx, Stefan Sieber, Matthew W. Miller, Delphine Courvoisier, Maura D. Iversen, Stéphane Cullati, and Boris Cheval

A recent systematic review has demonstrated that adverse childhood experiences, such as neglect and household dysfunction, were associated with 23 health outcomes (eg, depressive symptoms, anxiety, physical inactivity, obesity). 1 While these results highlight the pervasive harms that adverse

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Fabianna R. de Jesus-Moraleida, Paulo H. Ferreira, Juscelio P. Silva, André G.P. Andrade, Rosangela C. Dias, João Marcos D. Dias, Marcella G. Assis, and Leani S.M. Pereira

. Evidence has demonstrated that PA has a protective role against psychological distress ( Ku, Fox, Chen, & Chou, 2012 ). Depressive symptoms are one of the most prevalent debilitating mental conditions reported by older adults ( Steffens et al., 2000 ), and interventions that aim to increase PA levels may

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Richard Tahtinen, Hafrun Kristjansdottir, Daniel T. Olason, and Robert Morris

Within the past decade, depression-related research in athletes has aimed at establishing an improved understanding of athletes’ susceptibility to depression and depressive symptoms ( Golding, Gillingham, & Perera, 2020 ; Gorczynski, Coyle, & Gibson, 2017 ; Wolanin, Gross, & Hong, 2015 ). There

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Pauliina Husu, Kari Tokola, Henri Vähä-Ypyä, Harri Sievänen, and Tommi Vasankari

Depression and depressive symptoms are highly prevalent and disabling conditions that deteriorate the quality of life, decline functional capacity, increase morbidity, and cause costs for both individuals and society ( Ferrari et al., 2013 ; Hasin et al., 2018 ). It has been estimated that more

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Richard Tahtinen, Michael McDougall, Niels Feddersen, Olli Tikkanen, Robert Morris, and Noora J. Ronkainen

shown to vary from 15.6% ( Proctor & Boan-Lenzo, 2010 ) to considerably higher; for instance, Wolanin, Hong, Marks, Panchoo, and Gross ( 2016 ) reported that 21% of male and 28% of female collegiate athletes experienced clinically relevant depressive symptoms. Corresponding rates in college athletes

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Yonglin Liang, Francisco T.T. Lai, Joyce L.Y. Kwan, Wai Chan, and Eng-Kiong Yeoh

between multimorbidity and depression or increased depressive symptoms ( Birk et al., 2019 ; Lai, Ma, & Hou, 2019b ; Read, Sharpe, Modini, & Dear, 2017 ; Sharpe et al., 2017 ), with the severity of depression consistently associated with the number of diseases ( Jones, Amtmann, & Gell, 2016 ). A

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Amy E. Mendham, Julia H. Goedecke, Melony C. Fortuin-de Smidt, Lindokuhle Phiri, Louise Clamp, Jeroen Swart, Gosia Lipinska, and Dale E. Rae

increased all-cause mortality 16 and cardiometabolic risk. 3 , 4 , 17 However, the reason for long sleep in South African women living in a low-income communities is uknown. Accordingly, sleep quality and depressive symptoms may be target mechanisms for intervention-based research in low-income settings