The purpose of this study was to examine the development of six leader-athletes. In-depth qualitative interviews were used to explore the various activities that leader athletes engaged in from an early age as well as the roles and influences that peers, coaches, and parents played within these activities. Results indicated that leadership development in sport focused on developing four central components: high skill, strong work ethic, enriched cognitive sport knowledge, and good rapport with people. The types of activities engaged in throughout development as well as receiving feedback, acknowledgement, support, cognitive engagement, mature conversations with adults, and physical encounters with older peers are important social influences that can play an instrumental role in the formation of these four central tenets.
Andy Wright and Jean Côté
Carrie W. LeCrom, Brendan Dwyer, and Gregory Greenhalgh
, 45 ( 3 ), 273 – 294 . doi:10.1177/1012690210366789 10.1177/1012690210366789 Schulenkorf , N. ( 2012 ). Sustainable community development through sport and events: A conceptual framework for Sport-for-Development projects . Sport Management Review, 15 ( 1 ), 1 – 12 . doi:10.1016/j.smr.2011
Sarah Zipp, Tavis Smith, and Simon Darnell
, 2016 ; McDonald, 2015 ; Saavedra, 2009 ); and the application of the capability approach (CA), which considers the extent to which capabilities might offer an appropriate, meaningful, and effective basis from which to understand development through sport ( Darnell & Dao, 2017 ; Suzuki, 2017
Jeremy Hapeta, Rochelle Stewart-Withers, and Farah Palmer
development already an anachronism in the age of austerity or can it be a space of hope? International Journal of Sport Policy and Politics, 10 ( 1 ), 185 – 201 . doi:10.1080/19406940.2017.1380682 10.1080/19406940.2017.1380682 Schulenkorf , N. ( 2012 ). Sustainable community development through sport
Nico Schulenkorf, Emma Sherry, and Katie Rowe
Despite the significant increase of published research in sport-for-development (SFD), to date there have been no attempts to rigorously review and synthesize scholarly contributions in this area. To address this issue, we conducted an integrative review of SFD literature to portray an overarching and holistic picture of the field. Through a comprehensive literature analysis following Whittemore and Knafl’s (2005) five-step process, we provide evidence of the status quo of current SFD research foci, authorship, geographical contexts, theoretical frameworks, sport activity, level of development, methodologies, methods, and key research findings. Our study shows an increasing trend of journal publications since 2000, with a strong focus on social and educational outcomes related to youth sport and with football (soccer) as the most common activity. A large majority of SFD research has been conducted at the community level, where qualitative approaches are dominant. The geographical contexts of authorship and study location present an interesting paradox: Although the majority of SFD projects are carried out in Africa, Asia, and Latin America, 90% of SFD authors are based in North America, Europe, and Australia. We conclude our study by providing new perspectives on key issues in SFD and by outlining current research and theoretical gaps that provide the basis for future scholarly inquiry.
Jon Welty Peachey and Adam Cohen
Research partnerships between scholars and sport for development and peace (SDP) organizations are common, but firsthand accounts of the challenges and barriers faced by scholars when forming and sustaining partnerships are rare. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine them, and to uncover strategies to overcome these challenges across different partnership contexts. Eight prominent SDP scholars were interviewed. Guided by collaboration theory and the partnership literature, findings revealed challenges included navigating the political and organizational landscape; securing commitments from organizations with limited resources; negotiating divergent goals, objectives, and understandings; and conducting long-term evaluations and research. Strategies to address these issues involved developing strategic partnerships, cultivating mutual understanding, building trust, starting small, finding the cause champion, and developing a track record of success. Key theoretical and practical implications are drawn forth, as well as intriguing future research directions.
reducing youth problem behaviors ( Eime, Young, Harvey, Charity, & Payne, 2013 ; Merkel, 2013 ; Super, Hermens, Verkooijen, & Koelen, 2018 ). In this article I highlight two approaches to social development through sport, providing a broad overview of the literature to set the stage for the design and
Social entrepreneurship represents a new organizational form reflecting a time of societal change. The concept of social entrepreneurship has in recent years received an increased academic interest from the field of sport management. This review therefore aims to outline the scope and focus of, as well as theoretically position, the utilization of the concept of social entrepreneurship in the current body of peer-reviewed research within the field of sport and social entrepreneurship. Thirty-three English language peer-reviewed articles were selected and analyzed using Gartner’s (1985) variables of entrepreneurship and three schools of thought within social entrepreneurship. The findings show that the scope of research into sport and social entrepreneurship is limited and that sport plays a minor role in the articles. The articles focus on the processes of social entrepreneurship, but the manner in which the concept of social entrepreneurship is used differs between articles and is seldom defined. These findings indicate that much can be done to better understand sport and social entrepreneurship. Emerging directions for future research are provided.
Anna Gerke and Yan Dalla Pria
Sport clusters are geographical concentrations of private, public, and nonprofit organizations in a denominated area with a shared interest in one or similar sports. This paper addresses the question: How does socioeconomic proximity—linkages between organizations or individuals, which go beyond spatial proximity—influence the development and properties of sport clusters? This qualitative study investigates four sport clusters in surfing and sailing. The findings indicate two types of sport clusters based on different forms of socioeconomic proximity. The surfing clusters are characterized by cognitive proximity based on convergent perceptions and managerial practices. The sailing clusters are characterized by organizational proximity based on complementarity. This article (a) discusses the resilience properties of these two types of clusters and (b) proposes a two-step model of cluster development. Cluster policy makers can draw on this research to consider how to engage early with emerging clusters and foster them by facilitating collective dynamics and projects first and collaborative projects second. Cluster members learn about the long-term value of being involved in clusters and how they can take advantage of cluster involvement.
Rob Millington, Lyndsay M.C. Hayhurst, Audrey R. Giles, and Steven Rynne
overarching discourses that participants had reproduced in relation to the extractives industry’s role in promoting development through sport: SFD is a catalyst to positive relationships between industry and community, SFD is a contributor to “social good” in Indigenous communities, and funding of SFD is