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John B. Nezlek, Marzena Cypryańska, Piotr Cypryański, Karolina Chlebosz, Karolina Jenczylik, Joanna Sztachańska and Anna M. Zalewska

that the time between measurements (1 week) was too long to capture lagged relationships involving these constructs. In daily diary studies, lags are typically 1 day (e.g.,  Nezlek, Newman, & Thrash, 2017 ). Alternatively, the lag may have been too short. The lags in the previously mentioned studies

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David E. Conroy, Steriani Elavsky, Shawna E. Doerksen and Jaclyn P. Maher

Social-cognitive theories, such as the theory of planned behavior, posit intentions as proximal influences on physical activity (PA). This paper extends those theories by examining within-person variation in intentions and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) as a function of the unfolding constraints in people’s daily lives (e.g., perceived time availability, fatigue, soreness, weather, overeating). College students (N = 63) completed a 14-day diary study over the Internet that rated daily motivation, contextual constraints, and MVPA. Key findings from multilevel analyses were that (1) between-person differences represented 46% and 33% of the variability in daily MVPA intentions and behavior, respectively; (2) attitudes, injunctive norms, self-efficacy, perceptions of limited time availability, and weekend status predicted daily changes in intention strength; and (3) daily changes in intentions, perceptions of limited time availability, and weekend status predicted day-to-day changes in MVPA. Embedding future motivation and PA research in the context of people’s daily lives will advance understanding of individual PA change processes.

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Kim Gammage, Rachel Arnold, Nicole Bolter, Lori Dithurbide, Karl Erickson, Blair Evans, Larkin Lamarche, Sean Locke, Eric Martin and Kathleen Wilson

-created social environment, basic psychological needs, and dancers’ affective states during class: A diary study. Personality and Individual Differences, 115 , 137–143. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2016.03.033 Journal website: https://www.journals.elsevier.com/personality-and-individual-differences/ Author website

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Jaclyn P. Maher and David E. Conroy

to more effective behavioral interventions through the development and delivery of tailored intervention content. This study used data from a 15-day daily diary study with ambulatory monitoring in older adults currently sitting for at least eight hours per day to test a within-person model of daily

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Oleg Zaslavsky, Yan Su, Eileen Rillamas-Sun, Inthira Roopsawang and Andrea Z. LaCroix

, J.J. , & Ntoumanis , N. ( 2017 ). The role of physical activity and sedentary behavior in predicting daily pain and fatigue in older adults: A diary study . Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 52 ( 1 ), 19 – 28 . doi: 10.1007/s12160-017-9921-1 Piercy , K.L. , Troiano , R.P. , Ballard , R

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Amy Rauer and Lyndsey M. Hornbuckle

exercise may benefit women’s self-reported marital functioning through enhanced sexual satisfaction and individual well-being ( Babayan, Saeed, & Aminpour, 2018 ; Mandal & Sitko-Dominik, 2016 ), but a recent daily diary study of young adult clinic couples found that female partners who exercised more

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Emily R. Hunt and Melissa C. Day

, A.F. , Kirby , E.R. , Adams , J. , & Refshauge , K.M. ( 2014 ). On illegitimacy, suffering and recognition: A diary study of women living with chronic pain . Sociology, 49 ( 4 ), 1 – 20 . doi:10.1177/0038038514551090 Burke , P. ( 2006 ). Identity change . Social Psychology Quarterly

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Matthew Jenkins, Elaine A. Hargreaves and Ken Hodge

longitudinal diary study of the effects of causality orientations on exercise-related affect . Self and Identity, 10, 363 – 374 . doi: 10.1080/15298868.2010.534238 Lee , P.H. , Macfarlane , D.J. , Lam , T. , & Stewart , S.M. ( 2011 ). Validity of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire

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. Using a daily diary study design, ActiveMatch dyads ( N  = 4 dyads, M age  = 51.8, SD  = 8.7; 67% breast cancer survivors) completed questionnaires pre- and post-study and daily questionnaires twice per day for 28-days. Measures included PA (Godin-Shephard Leisure Time Exercise Questionnaire