This paper describes the validation of The Differentiated Transformational Leadership Inventory (DTLI) within a participation youth sports context. Three hundred and twenty-two athletes aged between 11 and 18 years completed the DTLI. Using a confirmatory factor analysis, the DTLI yielded an underlying factor structure that fell short of cut-off criteria for adjudging model fit. Subsequent theory-driven changes were made to the DTLI by removing the ‘high performance expectations’ subscale. Further data-driven changes were also made on the basis of high item-factor cross-loadings. The revised version of the DTLI was subjected to confirmatory factor analysis and proved to be a good fit for the obtained data. Consequently, a Differentiated Transformational Leadership Inventory for Youth Sport has been suggested for use within the participation youth sport context that contains 22 items, and retains six subscales.
Stewart A. Vella, Lindsay G. Oades and Trevor P. Crowe
Aubrey Newland, Maria Newton, E. Whitney G. Moore and W. Eric Legg
connections between TFL and PYD. Vella, Oades, and Crowe ( 2013a ) demonstrated a positive relationship between TFL coaching behaviors (measured by the Differentiated Transformational Leadership Inventory – Youth Sport; DTLI-YS; Vella et al., 2013a ) and PYD (measured by the Youth Experiences Survey for
Matthew J. Smith, David J. Young, Sean G. Figgins and Calum A. Arthur
We examined transformational leadership behaviors are exhibited in an elite sport environment. Semistructured interviews were conducted with 9 professional county cricket players to explore perceptions of transformational leadership behaviors of their captain and head-coach. Behaviors were firstly deductively categorized based on the Differentiated Transformational Leadership Inventory, with the most frequently cited being high performance expectations and individual consideration from the coach, and appropriate role-modeling of the captain. Further inductive analyses revealed a range of other factors which may influence players’ perceptions of transformational leadership. From these findings, suggestions are offered for those working in an applied context with sporting leaders.
Calum Alexander Arthur, Tim Woodman, Chin Wei Ong, Lew Hardy and Nikos Ntoumanis
Leadership research that examines follower characteristics as a potential moderator of leadership effectiveness is lacking. Within Bass’s (1985) transformational leadership framework, we examined follower narcissism as a moderator of the coach behavior–coach effectiveness relationship. Youth athletes (male = 103, female = 106) from the Singapore Sports Academy (mean age = 14.28, SD = 1.40 years) completed the Differentiated Transformational Leadership Inventory (Callow, Smith, Hardy, Arthur, & Hardy, 2009), the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (Raskin & Terry, 1988), and indices of follower effort. Multilevel analyses revealed that athlete narcissism moderated the relationship between fostering acceptance of group goals and athlete effort and between high performance expectations and athlete effort. All the other transformational leader behaviors demonstrated main effects on follower effort, except for inspirational motivation.
Shuge Zhang, Stuart Beattie, Amanda Pitkethly and Chelsey Dempsey
Differentiated Transformational Leadership Inventory ( Callow et al., 2009 ), which uses a Likert-scale format with ratings from 1 ( not at all ) to 5 ( all the time ). The inventory contains six transformational leadership behaviors and one transactional behavior. However, for the purposes of the present study
Stephen Macdonald and Justine Allen
Method Purpose How Data Were Collected Data Genserated Athletes’ Perspectives Questionnaire Part A: Differentiated Transformational Leadership Inventory (DTLI) ( Callow, et al., 2009 ) To assess athletes’ perceptions of the coach’s TL behaviours Athletes were asked to complete the DTLI within 1 hour of
Sarah Lawrason, Jennifer Turnnidge, Luc J. Martin and Jean Côté
. Advance online publication. doi:10.1080/1091367X.2019.1602835 10.1080/1091367X.2019.1602835 Vella , S.A. , Oades , L.G. , & Crowe , T.P. ( 2012 ). Validation of the Differentiated Transformational Leadership Inventory as a measure of coach leadership in youth soccer . The Sport Psychologist, 26