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Arya M. Sharma, Donna L. Goodwin, and Janice Causgrove Dunn

Dr. Arya M. Sharma challenges the conventional wisdom of relying simply on “lifestyle” approaches involving exercise, diet, and behavioral interventions for managing obesity, suggesting that people living with obesity should receive comprehensive medical interventions similar to the approach taken for other chronic diseases such as Type 2 diabetes or hypertension. He purports that the stigma-inducing focus on self-failing (e.g., coping through food, laziness, lack of self-regulation) does not address biological processes that make obesity a lifelong problem for which there is no easy solution. Interdisciplinary approaches to obesity are advocated, including that of adapted physical activity. Physical activity has multifaceted impacts beyond increasing caloric expenditure, including improved sleep, better mood, increased energy levels, enhanced self-esteem, reduced stress, and an enhanced sense of well-being. The interview with Dr. Sharma, transcribed from a keynote address delivered at the North American Adapted Physical Activity Symposium on September 22, 2016, in Edmonton, AB, Canada, outlines his rationale for approaching obesity as a chronic disease.

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Ellen M. Kowalski and Claudine Sherrill

This study examined the effects of model type and verbal rehearsal strategy in relation to motor sequencing of boys with learning disabilities (LD). Eighty boys, ages 7 and 8 years, were exposed to four experimental conditions in a 2 × 2 (Model × Verbal Rehearsal Strategy) design. Subjects were randomly assigned to one of four groups: (a) visual-silent model/verbal rehearsal, (b) visual-verbal model/verbal rehearsal, (c) visual-silent model/ no verbal rehearsal, and (d) visual-verbal model/ no verbal rehearsal. The four groups were statistically equal on measures of age, IQ, behavior, learner modality preference, and motor proficiency. Data collected for experimental analysis were generated by the Motor Sequencing Test which measured the ability to model seven locomotor tasks in the correct order. Results revealed that the boys with LD performed significantly better on the motor sequencing test when trained in verbal rehearsal strategy. However, results indicated no significant difference in motor sequencing under visual-silent and visual-verbal model conditions.

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Sequencing of Boys with Learning Disabilities: Modeling and Verbal Rehearsal Strategies Ellen M. Kowalski * Claudine Sherrill * 7 1992 9 3 261 272 10.1123/apaq.9.3.261 Digest Digest 7 1992 9 3 273 277 10.1123/apaq.9.3.273 Books & Media Shape up ’n Sign Mark Jenks E. William Vogler Allen W. Burton

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Inhyang Choi, Damian Haslett, Javier Monforte, and Brett Smith

장애의 개념 [Who is disabled: The disability model and disability concept] . Human Rights and Justice, 305, 126 – 139 . Lee , J.S . ( 2018 ). 장애모델의 발전사를 통해 살펴본 긍정적 장애모델의 특성과 함의 [A study on the affirmative model of disability and directions for development of disability models] . Korea Academy of

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Jessica J. Ferguson and Nancy L.I. Spencer

three implications. First, coaches must have a strong understanding of disability. This not only requires education as it relates to the specifics of impairment but also necessitates the development of reflexive practices ( Allan et al., 2019 ) and an understanding of disability models and discourses

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Stamatis Agiovlasitis, Joonkoo Yun, Jooyeon Jin, Jeffrey A. McCubbin, and Robert W. Motl

individuals. In the context of public health, Drum ( 2009 ) broadly identified four major categories of disability models: (a) medical, (b) functional, (c) social, and (d) integrated. Briefly, the medical model views disability as a problem inherent in the person requiring a medical cure, and classifies

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Sungchul Lee, Sangyoon Lee, Seongryu Bae, Kazuhiro Harada, Songee Jung, Keitaro Makino, and Hiroyuki Shimada

Between eGFR and Disability Model 1 Model 2 Variable Hazard ratio [95% CI] p value Hazard ratio [95% CI] p value eGFR ≥ 60, n  = 3,468 1 1 eGFR 45–59, n  = 839 1.026 [0.821–1.283] .825 1.013 [0.798–1.287] .912 eGFR < 45, n  = 150 2.526 [1.391–2.933] .013 1.741 [1.193–2.539] .004 Note . Model 1 was

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Jian Xu, Poram Choi, Robert W. Motl, and Stamatis Agiovlasitis

From Moderate Physical Activity and Age in Adults With Intellectual Disability Model Independent Variables Coefficient SE p R 2 Adjusted R 2 1 Intercept 5.233 0.840 <.001 .153 .138 Log 10 MPA 2.261 0.711 .002 2 Intercept 7.375 1.598 <.001 .189 .160 Log 10 MPA 1.756 0.772 .027 Age −0.036 0.023 .123

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Damian Haslett, Javier Monforte, Inhyang Choi, and Brett Smith

, B. , & Bundon , A. ( 2018 ). Disability models: Explaining and understanding disability sport in different ways . In I. Brittain (Ed.), The Palgrave handbook of Paralympic studies (pp.  15 – 34 ). London, UK : Palgrave Macmillan . 10.1057/978-1-137-47901-3_2 Smith , B. , Bundon , A

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Andrew Hammond, Ruth Jeanes, Dawn Penney, and Deana Leahy

, A. ( 2017 ). Disability models: Explaining and understanding disability sport in different ways . In I. Brittain & A. Beacom (Eds.), The Palgrave Handbook of Paralympic Studies (pp.  15 – 34 ). Basingstoke : Palgrave . doi:10.1057/978-1-137-47901-3_2 Smith , B. , Bundon , A