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Samantha M. Ross, Justin A. Haegele, Bridgette M. Schram, and Sean Healy

Adults with disabilities, which represents one in 4 US adults, are a priority population for health promotion. 1 , 2 Adults with disabilities represent a diverse group, experiencing a range of impairments, and activity limitations, that may interact with environmental barriers to result in

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Rhys J. Thurston, Danielle M. Alexander, and Mathieu Michaud

Learning disabilities and neurodevelopmental disorders are the most prevalent disabilities that affect student learning ( Cortiella & Horowitz, 2014 ). Learning disabilities are defined as the reduced capacity of an individual to develop new academic skills and knowledge associated with expressive

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Laura A. Prieto, Justin A. Haegele, and Luis Columna

Dance, as both a type of physical activity and art of self-expression, may provide a variety of physical, social, and psychological benefits for people with and without disabilities ( Bungay & Vella-Burrows, 2013 ; Burkhardt & Brennan, 2012 ; Zitomer, 2016 ). Akin to their peers without

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T. Nicole Kirk and Justin A. Haegele

in the United States reported meeting these guidelines. Though it is clear that physical activity participation is a problem across all age groups, research indicates that in general, individuals with disabilities tend to be particularly inactive ( Buchholz, McGillivray, & Pencharz, 2003 ; Carroll

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Samuel W. Logan, Christina M. Hospodar, Kathleen R. Bogart, Michele A. Catena, Heather A. Feldner, Jenna Fitzgerald, Sarah Schaffer, Bethany Sloane, Benjamin Phelps, Joshua Phelps, and William D. Smart

More than 30 years of research has demonstrated that young children with disabilities who use powered mobility devices for self-directed mobility experience developmental gains such as increased self-initiated social interactions and social skills, increased exploration of the environment, and

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Kwok Ng, Sean Healy, Wesley O’Brien, Lauren Rodriguez, Marie Murphy, and Angela Carlin

available data and translates results to grades for several key indicators at the individual, interindividual, and macrolevels ( Harrington et al., 2014 ). The exercise was repeated in 2016, whereby Harrington et al. ( 2016 ) noted minimal disability-specific data were available and called for addressing

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Kwok Ng, Jorma Tynjälä, Dagmar Sigmundová, Lilly Augustine, Mariane Sentenac, Pauli Rintala, and Jo Inchley

-intensity PA daily ( World Health Organization [WHO], 2010 ). It is also important for youth with disabilities to engage in PA and meet the PARH as regular participation in PA distinctly reduces health complications secondary to disability conditions ( Rimmer, Schiller, & Chen, 2012 ). According to the

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Youngdeok Kim, Jaehoon Cho, Dana K Fuller, and Minsoo Kang

Background:

The purpose of this study was to examine the correlates of physical activity (PA) with personal and environmental factors among people with disabilities in South Korea.

Methods:

Data from the 2011 National Survey for Physical Activity and Exercise for the Disabled, conducted by Korea Sports Association for the Disabled, was used (n = 1478). The personal characteristics (age, gender, occupation, types of disabilities, family income) and the numbers of public PA-related facilities (welfare center, public indoor gym, and public outdoor facilities) and social sports/exercise clubs for people with disabilities across 16 local areas were also obtained. Hierarchical generalized linear model was used to examine subjectively measured PA in relation to personal and environmental factors.

Results:

The likelihood of engaging in PA was significantly lower for women with disabilities. People with hearing and intellectual disabilities were less likely to engage in PA compared with those with physical disabilities. The availability of sports/exercise clubs for people with disabilities was the only environmental factor that was significantly associated with PA.

Conclusions:

These findings suggest the need of systematic intervention strategies based upon personal characteristics of people with disabilities. Further public efforts to promote sports/exercise club activities should be encouraged in this population.

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Nancy Spencer-Cavaliere and Danielle Peers

The inclusion of able-bodied athletes within disability sport, a phenomenon known as reverse integration, has sparked significant debate within adapted physical activity. Although researchers and practitioners have taken up positions for or against reverse integration, there is a lack of supporting research on the experiences of athletes who already play in such settings. In this study, we explore how competitive female athletes who have a disability experience reverse integration in Canadian wheelchair basketball. Athletic identity was used as the initial conceptual framework to guide semistructured interviews with nine participants. The results suggest that participation in this context contributed to positive athletic identities. Interviews also pointed to the unexpected theme of “what’s the difference?” that this sporting context provided a space for the questioning and creative negotiation of the categories of disability and able-bodiedness. Methodologically, this paper also explores the possibilities and challenges of inter- worldview and insider-outsider research collaboration.

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Kelly P. Arbour-Nicitopoulos and Kathleen A. Martin Ginis

This study descriptively measured the universal accessibility of “accessible” fitness and recreational facilities for Ontarians living with mobility disabilities. The physical and social environments of 44 fitness and recreational facilities that identified as “accessible” were assessed using a modified version of the AIMFREE. None of the 44 facilities were completely accessible. Mean accessibility ratings ranged between 31 and 63 out of a possible 100. Overall, recreational facilities had higher accessibility scores than fitness centers, with significant differences found on professional support and training, entrance areas, and parking lot. A modest correlation was found between the availability of fitness programming and the overall accessibility of fitness-center specific facility areas. Overall, the physical and social environments of the 44 fitness and recreational facilities assessed were limited in their accessibility for persons with mobility disabilities. Future efforts should be directed at establishing and meeting universal accessibility guidelines for Canadian physical activity facilities.