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Research on Teaching in Physical Education Doctoral Dissertations: A Detailed Investigation of Focus, Method, and Analysis

Stephen Silverman and Mara Manson

As a part of their doctoral education, students complete a dissertation. Examining these dissertations can provide one analysis of research in a field. The primary purpose of this study was to analyze all physical education dissertations with a teaching focus that were completed between 1985 and 1999. All possible dissertations were examined through the electronic version of Dissertation Abstracts International. For the teaching dissertations (n = 201), each abstract was coded for (a) research type, (b) research focus, (c) student variable measured, (d) observation used, (e) interview used, (f) other methods used, (g) population, (h) general methodology, and (i) statistics reported/used. Most research on teaching dissertations addressed issues related to teacher effectiveness and focused on motor skill learning and attitude. There was an increase in qualitative methods from those reported in a previous study (Silverman, 1987). While there were methodological advances, many dissertations still used methods that were not informed by the research methods literature.

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The EdD in Kinesiology at UNCG: An Online Doctoral Program?

Diane L. Gill, Pam Kocher Brown, and Erin J. Reifsteck

The online EdD in kinesiology at UNCG evolved from the face-to-face EdD, which was designed as an interdisciplinary doctoral degree tailored to working professionals in kinesiology. The new online EdD, which is the only online doctoral program in kinesiology, retains that broad, interdisciplinary curriculum and focuses on developing practicing scholars in kinesiology teaching, leadership, and advocacy. The fully-online EdD program faces many challenges, including technology issues, faculty buy-in, retention, and dissertation completion. To meet those challenges, the EdD curriculum is structured in a four-year cohort model, emphasizing collaboration and connections from the initial campus orientation session through the dissertation defense.

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Experiences of Undergraduates Publishing Biomechanics Research

Stuart A. McErlain-Naylor

who don’t have the drive to criticize their own works.” Potential implications for the wider discipline were also discussed: Although it was personally beneficial to me, I don’t believe it is that beneficial to the field and progress in sports biomechanics. [Undergraduate] dissertations are supposed

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Conceptualization and Bibliography of Research in Teaching Physical Education Based on Theses and Dissertations, 1969-1979

Harry A. King and John A. Baker

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Expanding the Boundaries of TPSR and Empowering Others to Make Their Own Contributions

Barrie Gordon and Sylvie Beaudoin

authors gathered information from a number of different sources. These included published research articles, dissertations, professional articles, and program descriptions. This process involved a literature search using ERIC, PsycArticles, Academic Search Complete, SportDiscus, and Google Scholar. The

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Trends and Analysis of Research on Teaching in Doctoral Programs

Stephen Silverman

The purpose of this study was to describe and analyze research on teaching in doctoral programs. Research on teaching was differentiated from research on teacher education. Abstracts of research were obtained from Dissertation Abstracts International for dissertations completed from 1975 to 1984. Data were recorded for the year the dissertation was completed, primary and secondary (if any) focus of the study, observation instruments used, population, and the type of statistics used to analyze the data. Some 120 studies were identified as research on teaching in physical education. A majority of the studies (55) were comparisons of teaching methods using no observation instrument. Methods research was followed in frequency by descriptive research (22), instrument development (16), and comparisons among student subgroups (15). Systematic observation was not used in 60 studies. Of those studies where systematic observation was used, specific instruments were developed for research and other common instruments were employed. Most research occurred in elementary and secondary schools. A large proportion of the studies used univariate statistics to complete the data analysis.

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Preparation of Leadership Personnel in Adapted Physical Education

John M. Dunn and Jeffrey A. McCubbin

This paper presents data that document the need for additional leadership personnel in adapted physical education. A systematic analysis of the Chronicle of Higher Education, Dissertation Abstracts International, and the Physical Education Gold Book reveals that there is currently a discrepancy between the number of advertised positions in higher education and the number of available personnel to fill these positions. The delivery of appropriate personnel preparation programs in the area of adapted physical education is dependent upon the availability of well trained and qualified personnel. Observations are made on the type of training needed and recommendations for ensuring the availability of a qualified pool of applicants.

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Research Design in Sport Management: What’s Missing, What’s Needed?

Gordon A. Olafson

Although concern for the lack of empirically based research and for the types of methodologies used continues, few if any sport management articles have quantified the extent of such criticism. Selected volumes of the Academy of Management Journal, Administrative Science Quarterly, Journal of Applied Psychology, Canadian Journal of Applied Sport Sciences, Dissertation Abstracts, Journal of Sport Management, and Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport were content analyzed employing 13 dimensions to determine, on a comparative basis, the patterns of research design in organizational studies and sport management research. Based upon this analysis, sport management researchers should explore the variety of methods and analyses evident in the organizational studies literature. The basis for these results and suggestions for change are discussed.

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Exploring Mentoring Functions Within the Sport Management Academy: Perspectives of Mentors and Protégés

Jacqueline L. Beres and Jess C. Dixon

Mentoring has typically been studied in business environments, with fewer studies focusing on academic contexts and even fewer in the field of sport management. This study examined the mentoring relationships, and specifically the mentoring functions that occurred among sport management doctoral dissertation advisors (mentors) and their doctoral students (protégés). Semistructured telephone interviews were conducted with 13 individuals. Participants collectively described examples of all of Kram’s (1988) mentoring functions, with coaching, counseling, and exposure and visibility cited most frequently. Fewer instances of protection and direct sponsorship were mentioned, although there was evidence of considerable indirect sponsorship. Protégés provided more examples of role modeling as compared with their mentors, and the entire process of completing a doctoral degree can be viewed as a challenging assignment. A discussion of these findings within the context of the relevant previous academic literature and suggestions for future research are also provided.

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Preparation of Leadership Personnel in Adapted Physical Education: A Follow-Up Study

Jeffrey A. McCubbin and John M. Dunn

This study examined the need for the preparation of leadership personnel in the area of adapted physical education within the USA. Data were collected on the advertised positions in the Chronicle of Higher Education between 1991-1998 compared to the numbers of personnel prepared during a previous, similar time period (1981-1989). During the 1991-1998 time period, 87 professionals completed dissertations related to adapted physical education, while 173 positions in institutions of higher education were advertised for professionals with expertise in adapted physical education. These data indicate that there continues to be a significant need for additional doctoral personnel trained in adapted physical education for college or university teaching positions in the United States. Evidence of a need for diversified, well-qualified training programs is offered. In addition, the authors suggest promising alternate approaches to assist in meeting the needs of qualified personnel in adapted physical education for leadership positions.