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Anna Sverdlik, Robert J. Vallerand, Ariane St-Louis, Michael Sam Tion and Geneviève Porlier

the determinants of temporal patterns. Very little empirical attention has focused on this issue to date. Based on the dualistic model of passion (DMP; Vallerand, 2008 , 2010 , 2012 , 2015 ; Vallerand et al., 2003 ), it is proposed that when people are passionate about an activity, they care a

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Jérémie Verner-Filion, Benjamin J. I. Schellenberg, Maylys Rapaport, Jocelyn J. Bélanger and Robert J. Vallerand

favorite activities. However, as proposed by the dualistic model of passion ( Vallerand, 2015 ; Vallerand et al., 2003 ), it is critical to distinguish between two forms of passion. Harmonious passion (HP) emerges when an activity that one loves has been autonomously internalized into a person’s identity

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Benjamin J.I. Schellenberg, Jérémie Verner-Filion and Patrick Gaudreau

responses is passion ( Schellenberg & Gaudreau, 2020 ; Vallerand & St-Louis, in press ). Previous research in this area has relied on the dualistic model of passion ( Curran, Hill, Appleton, Vallerand, & Standage, 2015 ; Vallerand, 2015 ), which treats passion as a dualistic construct that comes in two

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Marc-André K. Lafrenière, Sophia Jowett, Robert J. Vallerand, Eric G. Donahue and Ross Lorimer

Vallerand et al. (2003) developed a dualistic model of passion, wherein two types of passion are proposed: harmonious (HP) and obsessive (OP) passion that predict adaptive and less adaptive interpersonal outcomes, respectively. In the present research, we were interested in understanding the role of passion in the quality of coach–athlete relationships. Results of Study 1, conducted with athletes (N = 157), revealed that HP positively predicts a high-quality coach–athlete relationship, whereas OP was largely unrelated to such relationships. Study 2 was conducted with coaches (N = 106) and showed that only HP positively predicted the quality of the coach–athlete relationship. Furthermore, these effects were fully mediated by positive emotions. Finally, the quality of the coach–athlete relationship positively predicted coaches’ subjective well-being. Future research directions are discussed in light of the dualistic model of passion.

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Frode Stenseng and Lina Harvold Dalskau

Two studies were conducted to investigate the paradoxical behavior of obsessively passionate individuals: they tend to continue involvement in their passion activity despite reporting the activity as a source of ill-being. We suggested that elevated self-esteem in activity engagement could be one such persistence-promoting factor. In Study 1, we found that obsessively passionate individuals reported lower levels of global self-esteem compared with harmoniously passionate individuals, whereas they reported similar levels of activity-related self-esteem. We suggest that this indicates that obsessively passionate individuals try to compensate for low global self-esteem by utilizing self-esteem contingencies in their passion activity. Study 2 showed that activity-related self-esteem among obsessively passionate individuals was found to be strongly related to comparative performance evaluations, whereas no such relationship was found among harmoniously passionate individuals. We suggest that self-esteem contingencies related to comparative performance criteria represent a persistence-promoting factor among obsessively passionate individuals.

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Robert J. Vallerand, François L. Rousseau, Frédérick M.E. Grouzet, Alexandre Dumais, Simon Grenier and Céline M. Blanchard

Based on the Dualistic Model of Passion (Vallerand et al., 2003), a sequence involving the determinants and affective experiences associated with two types of passion (harmonious and obsessive) toward sport was proposed and tested. This sequence posits that high levels of sport valuation and an autonomous personality orientation lead to harmonious passion, whereas high levels of sport valuation and a controlled personality orientation facilitate obsessive passion. In turn, harmonious passion is expected to lead to positive affective experiences in sport but to be either negatively related or unrelated to negative affective experiences. Conversely, obsessive passion is hypothesized to be positively related to negative affective experiences in sport but to be either negatively related or unrelated to positive affective experiences. Results of three studies conducted with recreational and competitive athletes involved in individual and team sports provided support for the proposed integrative sequence. These findings support the role of passion in sport and pave the way to new research.

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Frederick L. Philippe, Robert J. Vallerand, Joéline Andrianarisoa and Philippe Brunel

The present research examined in two studies the role of passion for refereeing in referees' affective and cognitive functioning during games. In line with past research on the dualistic model of passion (Vallerand et al., 2003), Study 1 (n 1 = 90 and n 2 = 148) revealed that harmonious passion (HP) for refereeing was positively associated with positive emotions and the experience of flow during games. Conversely, obsessive passion (OP) for refereeing was unrelated to positive emotions and flow, but was positively associated with negative emotional experiences during games. Study 2 (n = 227) examined referees' affective and cognitive functioning after having committed an important mistake. Results showed that HP was negatively associated with maladaptive affective and cognitive functioning after a bad call, whereas OP was positively associated with such maladaptive functioning, including subsequent poor decision making. In addition, in both studies, most referees reported to be passionate toward refereeing. Finally, results from both studies remained the same after controlling for referees' gender, age, years of experience, and types of sports.

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Alvaro Sicilia, Manuel Alcaraz-Ibáñez, Delia C. Dumitru, Adrian Paterna and Mark D. Griffiths

that involve intense and persistent participation, and which might help explain the associations between fitness-related SCEs and EA, is the construct of passion ( Vallerand, 2015 ). The dualistic model of passion (DMP) proposed by Vallerand ( 2008 , 2012 , 2015 ) and Vallerand et al. ( 2003 ) has

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Rachel Arnold, Nicole Bolter, Lori Dithurbide, Karl Erickson, Blair Evans, Larkin Lamarche, Sean Locke, Eric Martin and Kathleen Wilson

Edited by Kim Gammage

influence mindfulness is passion. The dualistic model of passion proposes that individuals may develop one of two types of passion for an activity: harmonious (HP) or obsessive (OP) passion. Because this passion–mindfulness relationship was unexplored, the purpose of the current set of studies was twofold

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Sofie Kent, Kieran Kingston and Kyle F. Paradis

( Gustafsson et al., 2011 ). Passion Defined as “a strong inclination towards an activity that one loves, they find important, and in which they invest time and energy” ( Vallerand et al., 2003 , p. 757), Vallerand et al.’s ( 2003 ) Dualistic Model of Passion (DMP) provides a framework describing passion for