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Tomomasa Nakamura, Yuriko Yoshida, Hiroshi Churei, Junya Aizawa, Kenji Hirohata, Takehiro Ohmi, Shunsuke Ohji, Toshiyuki Takahashi, Mitsuhiro Enomoto, Toshiaki Ueno and Kazuyoshi Yagishita

teeth clenching on dynamic balance. Stabilization of dynamic balance is important for sport activity and injury prevention. Although the effects of teeth clenching on sport performance and injury prevention were investigated in several pieces of research, 16 – 18 they remain controversial. Additionally

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Kenneth E. Games, Zachary K. Winkelmann and Lindsey E. Eberman

Key Points ▸ Static and dynamic balance are negatively impacted following a physical exertion activity. ▸ The balance deficits identified in response to exertion may provide insights into the injury risk profiles of firefighters wearing a personal protective ensemble. ▸ Job-related tasks involving

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Adam Kelly and Justin Stanek

rehabilitation. Previous research has indicated that dysfunction within the foot and ankle complex may negatively affect balance. 4 – 7 Various pathologies of the foot and toes can negatively influence dynamic balance 8 , 9 and, therefore, could potentially increase the risk of injury and reduce the overall

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Ghada Jouira, Selim Srihi, Fatma Ben Waer, Haithem Rebai and Sonia Sahli

balance manages the support base with the minimum movement, dynamic balance consists of the ability to maintain the stability of the body while performing a movement. 10 It is not only required for daily life activities such as walking, stair climbing, bathing but it is also an important factor

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Robert D. Catena, Nigel Campbell, Alexa L. Werner and Kendall M. Iverson

-related emergency room visits. 2 – 4 The likelihood of a fall during pregnancy should be directly related to the dynamic balance control of the individual. 5 Despite the likelihood of this relationship, dynamic balance changes during pregnancy are rarely clinically tested and not typically considered in

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George Sofianidis, Anna-Maria Dimitriou and Vassilia Hatzitaki

, balance and flexibility) have limited success at improving particular aspects of static and dynamic balance control and subsequently attenuating fall incidence ( Carter, Kannus, & Khan, 2001 ; Frank & Patla, 2003 ). Furthermore, the high physical impact of such exercise interventions could impose

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Anat V. Lubetzky, Bryan D. Hujsak, Gene Fu and Ken Perlin

trainers compared with on the floor on static balance tasks, but reduced it within the “park” balance task ( Lubetzky, Hujsak, Kary, Darmanin, & Perlin, 2017 ) suggesting different mechanisms for static and dynamic postural control. The aims of this study were to compare dynamic balance mechanism (in terms

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Christina Zong-Hao Ma, Wing-Kai Lam, Bao-Chi Chang and Winson Chiu-Chun Lee

). Modifying the design of each type of insole could produce different effects on the static and dynamic balance of older adults. A couple of reviews have been conducted to evaluate the effects of footwear on balance. Hijmans, Geertzen, Dijkstra, and Postema ( 2007 ) comprehensively reviewed the effects of

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Cornelius John, Andreas Stotz, Julian Gmachowski, Anna Lina Rahlf, Daniel Hamacher, Karsten Hollander and Astrid Zech

the development of CAI. The question remains whether external ankle supports rather lead to an enhancement of functional or mechanical or both components. Functional components, such as static and dynamic balance and poor landing biomechanics, have been shown to be associated with lower

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William W.N. Tsang and Christina W.Y. Hui-Chan


To determine whether older golfers have better static and dynamic balance control than older but nongolfing healthy adults.


Eleven golfers and 12 control participants (all male; 66.2 ± 6.8 and 71.3 ± 6.6 yr old, respectively) were recruited. Duration of static single-leg stance was timed. Control of body sway was assessed in single-leg stance during forward and backward platform perturbations. The lunge distance normalized with respect to each participant’s height was used to compare the 2 groups in a forward-lunge test.


Golfers maintained significantly longer duration in static single-leg stance. They achieved less anteroposterior body sway in perturbed single-leg stance and lunged significantly farther than did control participants.


The better static and dynamic balance control exhibited by older golfers possibly reflects the effects of weight transfers from repeated golf swings during weight shift from 2-leg to predominantly 1-leg stance and from walking on uneven fairways.