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Richard A. Brindle, David Ebaugh and Clare E. Milner

strengthening is a common component of treatment. 3 In a side-lying hip abductor strength test, an adduction force is applied to the patient’s limb through a handheld dynamometer that either matches or exceeds the patient’s maximum isometric force. In a hip abductor eccentric strength test or “break test,” the

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Eduardo Lusa Cadore, Miriam González-Izal, Rafael Grazioli, Igor Setuain, Ronei Silveira Pinto and Mikel Izquierdo

hamstring and quadriceps strength (ie, concentric and eccentric) and resistance to fatigue are important mechanisms for improving functional knee status in high level and recreational athletes. 3 Eccentric strength training has been demonstrated to be a substantial intervention for promoting neuromuscular

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Daniel D. Cohen, Bingnan Zhao, Brian Okwera, Martyn J. Matthews and Anne Delextrat

Purpose:

To evaluate the effect of simulated soccer on the hamstrings eccentric torque-angle profile and angle of peak torque (APTeccH), and on the hamstrings:quadriceps torque ratio at specific joint angles (ASHecc:Qcon).

Methods:

The authors assessed dominant-limb isokinetic concentric and eccentric knee flexion and concentric knee extension at 120°/s in 9 semiprofessional male soccer players immediately before and after they completed the Loughborough Intermittent Shuttle Test (LIST).

Results:

The LIST resulted in significant decreases in eccentric hamstrings torque at 60°, 50°, and 10° and a significant (21.8%) decrease in ASHecc:Qcon at 10° (P < .05). APTeccH increased from 7.1° ± 1.0° to 18.8° ± 4.2° (P < .05). Eccentric hamstrings peak torque significantly declined from 185.1 ± 70.4 N·m pre-LIST to 150.9 ± 58.5 N·m post-LIST (P = .002), but there were no significant changes in hamstrings or quadriceps concentric peak torque (P = .312, .169, respectively).

Conclusions:

Simulated soccer results in a selective loss of eccentric hamstrings torque and hamstrings-to-quadriceps muscle balance at an extended joint position and a shift in the eccentric hamstrings APT to a shorter length, changes that could increase vulnerability to hamstrings injury. These findings suggest that injury-risk screening could be improved by evaluating the eccentric hamstrings torque-angle profile and hamstrings strength-endurance and that the development of hamstrings fatigue resistance and long-length eccentric strength may reduce injury incidence.

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Talita Molinari, Tainara Steffens, Cristian Roncada, Rodrigo Rodrigues and Caroline P. Dias

after eccentric training compared with concentric training ( Roig et al., 2009 ). Roig et al. ( 2009 ) suggested that training in which there is a predominance of an eccentric muscle action may be associated with increases in total and eccentric strength in adults when compared with training with a

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Helmi Chaabene, Yassine Negra, Jason Moran, Olaf Prieske, Senda Sammoud, Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo and Urs Granacher

physical performance in team handball is of great importance. Resistance training is an effective way of increasing muscular strength in young females. 4 However, it has previously been shown that eccentric strength training is more effective than single-mode concentric or combined concentric

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Eleftherios Kellis, Spiros Kellis, Vasilios Gerodimos and Vasiliki Manou

The reliable examination of isokinetic parameters in young athletes is important for the establishment of appropriate strength testing protocols. The purpose of this study was to examine the reliability of peak moments, non-preferred/preferred leg and reciprocal ratios during isokinetic knee efforts in young soccer players. Thirteen circumpubertal (age = 13.0 ± 0.4 years) soccer players performed maximum knee extension and flexion efforts at 30, 120 and 180°·s1 in two occasions, a week apart. The reliability of the peak moments was high, with reliability coefficients ranging from 0.71 to 0.98. The non-preferred/preferred leg and reciprocal ratios demonstrated moderate to high reliability (coefficients ranged from 0.42 to 0.87). The reliable examination of moments of force and ratio measurements during eccentric tests and at fast angular velocities in young soccer players requires extensive familiarization of the subjects prior to the main test.

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Mathieu Lacome, Simon Avrillon, Yannick Cholley, Ben M. Simpson, Gael Guilhem and Martin Buchheit

.80) 30/33/37 Unclear Knee-flexors eccentric strength, N 326.4 (48.1) 325.3 (26.2) 0.4 (10.2) 0.03 (0.76) 35/35/30 Unclear Expected knee-flexors strength, N 291.4 (20.5) 286.7 (23.0) −1.7 (6.3) −0.21 (0.80) 19/30/51 Unclear Δ Strength vs expected, % 11.7 (12.1) 14.1 (12.4) −1.4 (46.2) −0.03 (0.88) 33

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João Breno Ribeiro-Alvares, Maurício Pinto Dornelles, Carolina Gassen Fritsch, Felipe Xavier de Lima-e-Silva, Thales Menezes Medeiros, Lucas Severo-Silveira, Vanessa Bernardes Marques and Bruno Manfredini Baroni

the FMS. 25 Typical peak torque values of professional football players were included in the report. 26 The isokinetic data were used to check 4 hamstring injury risk factors: hamstring concentric strength deficit, hamstring eccentric strength deficit, H/Q conventional ratio, and H/Q functional ratio

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Diego Alonso-Fernandez, Yaiza Taboada-Iglesias, Tania García-Remeseiro and Águeda Gutiérrez-Sánchez

architectural changes by means of an exercise which is easy to reproduce and perform, such as HDE. The observed increase in FL of the LG and MG at rest is similar to the results found in the scientific literature in other muscle groups of the lower limb. Baroni et al, 5 after a 12-week eccentric strength

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Özlem Aslan, Elif Balevi Batur and Jale Meray

than in the control group, whereas only peak torque values in concentric contraction in the quadriceps were found lower in the patient group than in the control group. Reduced hamstring eccentric strength and quadriceps concentric strength indicate weakness in stabilizing during knee extension, and