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Allen L. Sack and Arthur T. Johnson

As cities turn to sport as a vehicle for encouraging economic development, sport managers increasingly find themselves in the midst of debates over urban policy. The purpose of this study was to examine the decision-making process that brought the Volvo International Tennis Tournament to New Haven, Connecticut. Because New Haven has been the center of classic debates over community power, the Volvo tennis case offers an excellent opportunity to examine the use of the theories of urban politics in understanding how development decisions are made. The Volvo case suggests that a synthesis of Stone's regime theory and Peterson's economistic paradigm provides a useful model for identifying the key players in economic development.

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Sarah Zipp, Tavis Smith and Simon Darnell

studies, simply inserting women and girls into existing development structures and systems has been labeled the gender in development approach, and feminist researchers have criticized GID as ineffective and discriminatory. Esther Boserup’s 1970 text, Women’s Role in Economic Development , was one of the

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Anna Gerke and Yan Dalla Pria

process is necessarily subject to contingency. Thus, is it possible to identify predominant types of socioeconomic proximity that would make it possible to classify them? The second path of investigation concerns the stability of clusters. If their social and economic development process is contingent, to

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Jeffrey A. Graham, Robin L. Hardin and James Bemiller

The News-Sentinel Open presented by Pilot is an event on the Tour. The Tour began in 1990 with the name of the Ben Hogan Tour and has transitioned through several title sponsors, taking its current name in June 2012. The tour is the developmental tour for the PGA Tour and the primary means for professional golfers to earn playing privileges on the PGA Tour. Tournaments are 72-hole stroke play events featuring between 144 and 156 golfers. This specific tournament is staged in Knoxville, Tennessee, and is one of only three original tour stops from the inaugural season in 1990. In an effort to measure economic impact in the greater Knoxville area resulting from the tournament weekend, the News-Sentinel Open has commissioned an economic impact study. This case study challenges students to analyze data collected from the economic impact study commissioned by the tour organizers. By engaging with this case study, and its accompanying data and results, students will gain insight into best practices of planning, conducting, and analyzing an ethical economic impact study.

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Madison Ardizzi, Brian Wilson, Lyndsay Hayhurst and Janet Otte

halt poverty by 2040, and that the Gini effect (a statistic representing wealth distribution used to measure inequality) has decreased from 2009–2010 to 2013–2014 ( Economic Development Policy and Research Department, 2014 ), this does not undermine the point that “Africa’s position in the

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Kyoung-yim Kim and Heejoon Chung

approach to consider economic development on nature. And to understand the EM approach in a society, Hajer ( 1995 ) suggests three levels of EM analysis: cultural, institutional, and technocratic. Cultural interpretation of EM refers to the cultural contextualization of nature and the social process of

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Vassilios Ziakas and Sylvia Trendafilova

. These are as follows. Chamber of Commerce The Panorama Chamber of Commerce is a member-based organization promoting tourism and economic development in Panorama. The Chamber’s mission is to help existing businesses grow, recruit new companies to the region, strive to establish an excellent workforce

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Larry Dwyer and Liz Fredline

Cities, regions, and countries are making increasing use of special sport events in their economic and social development mix. Governments and event organizers often justify special sport events on the grounds that such events can build social capital, attract visitors, foster trade, enhance the host destination’s brand, and serve as catalysts for the development of new infrastructure. As a result of the proliferation of special sport events, there is an increasing need to determine the means via which events do (and do not) contribute to their stated social and economic development objectives. Consequently, it is vital to understand the unique challenges of managing and marketing special sport events.

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Marijke Taks and Laura Misener

In this case, a local sport tourism officer has been asked to prepare a recommendation for Evex City Council regarding which types of events the city should bid for, based on their public policy agenda of enhancing tourism for economic development purposes and stimulating sport participation for residents. A questionnaire, a codebook, and a data set from two events, an international figure skating event and a provincial gymnastics event, are provided to assist in making a decision. The data set includes the spectators’ identification with and motives for attending the events, tourism activities in which they participated, and some sociodemographic variables. Analyses of the data and interpretation of the results should assist the sport tourism officer in providing accurate recommendations to policymakers. Theories and frameworks that underpin this case include public policy schemas; identity, motives, and tourism behavior of event attendees; sport participation outcomes from sport events; leveraging; and event portfolios.

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Jennifer Dill and Deborah Howe


Research has established that built environments, including street networks, bicycle and pedestrian infrastructure, and land uses, can positively affect the frequency and duration of daily physical activity. Attention is now being given to policy frameworks such as zoning codes that set the standards and expectations for this built environment.


We examined the adoption and implementation of mixed-use and related zoning provisions with specific attention to the role that physical activity serves as a motivation for such policies and to what extent public health agencies influence the adoption process. A sample of planning directors from 53 communities with outstanding examples of mixed-use developments and 145 randomly selected midsized communities were surveyed.


Physical activity is not a dominant motivator in master plans and/or zoning codes and public health agencies played minor roles in policy adoption. However, physical activity as a motivation appears to be increasing in recent years and is associated with higher levels of policy innovation.


Recommendations include framing the importance of physical activity in terms of other dominant concerns such as livability, dynamic centers, and economic development. Health agencies are encouraged to work in coalitions to focus arguments on behalf of physical activity.