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Fernando Santos, Daniel Gould and Leisha Strachan

effectively (e.g.,  Santos, Camiré, & Campos, 2016 ). Coach education programs (i.e., including formal and informal coach education opportunities) should provide guidance for youth sport coaches and help them overcome challenges that prevent or interfere with coaching for PYD outcomes ( Newman, Ortega, Lower

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Charles H. Tator

There has been a remarkable increase in the past 10 years in the awareness of concussion in the sports and recreation communities. Just as sport participants, their families, coaches, trainers, and sports organizations now know more about concussions, health care professionals are also better prepared to diagnose and manage concussions. As has been stated in the formal articles in this special issue on sport-related concussion, education about concussion is one of the most important aspects of concussion prevention, with the others being data collection, program evaluation, improved engineering, and introduction and enforcement of rules. Unfortunately, the incidence of concussion appears to be rising in many sports and thus, additional sports-specific strategies are required to reduce the incidence, short-term effects, and long term consequences of concussion. Enhanced educational strategies are required to ensure that individual participants, sports organizations, and health care professionals recognize concussions and manage them proficiently according to internationally recognized guidelines. Therefore, this paper serves as a “brief report” on a few important aspects of concussion education and prevention.

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Louisa A. Webb and Doune Macdonald

In a research project investigating the underrepresentation of women in leadership in physical education within the context of workplace cultures and teachers’ lives and careers, subtle effects of power were found to be influential. This article outlines the analytical framework that was used for the discourse analysis of interviews from this research based on the work of Gore (1998), Wright (2000), and Foucault. Seventeen teachers (7 male and 10 female) were interviewed and the data analyzed through discourse analysis using eight techniques of power described by Gore that are pertinent to educational and physical education settings. These techniques explained the colonization of space by dominant masculinities, the male gaze on female bodies, gendered expectations of behavior and appearance, dominant discourses of male leadership, and exclusion from male-dominated networks that all contributed toward the underrepresentation of women in leadership in physical education.

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Tracie A. Barnett, Lise Gauvin, Cora L. Craig and Peter T. Katzmarzyk


We investigated the population trajectory of leisure time physical activity (LTPA) in adults age 18 to 60 y (n = 881), who were recruited in 1981 for the Canada Fitness Survey and followed-up through the Campbell’s Survey on Well-Being (1988) and the Physical Activity Longitudinal Study (2002/04).


Data on involvement in LTPA were collected by questionnaire and used to estimate average daily energy expenditure (EE) (kcal · kg-1 · d-1) during leisure time. Growth trajectory modeling was used to describe the overall population trajectory of LTPA and the extent to which average trajectories varied between sub-groups defined by age, sex, and education.


The population trajectory of LTPA over time was modified by baseline age, but not by sex or by level of education. Disparities in LTPA related to sex and education persisted over two decades.


This longitudinal investigation improves our understanding of the processes underlying patterns of LTPA in adults.

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Federico Jose Villalba and Melina Soledad Martínez

Key Points ▸ The global incidence of sternoclavicular injuries is lower than 1%. ▸ There are no therapeutic approaches or rehabilitation protocols established for this condition. ▸ A treatment based on exercises and education improved subjective and objective measurements. Shoulder pain is the

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Bettina Callary, Abbe Brady, Cameron Kiosoglous, Pekka Clewer, Rui Resende, Tammy Mehrtens, Matthew Wilkie and Rita Horvath

participants from over 27 countries who applied and were chosen based on their involvement in coach development either as a university professor involved in coach development, a National Sport Federation, or a National Multisport Organization director of coach education ( Nippon Sport Science University, 2018

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Emma Renehan, Claudia Meyer, Rohan A. Elliott, Frances Batchelor, Catherine Said, Terry Haines and Dianne Goeman

-inducing drugs (FRIDs; Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Healthcare, 2009 ) that may impair balance and coordination and/or promote sedation ( Milos et al., 2014 ). Education is a further important component of multifactorial programs addressing low levels of falls and falls prevention knowledge

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Judit Balogh and Gabriella Trzaskoma-Bicsérdy

. Coaches in Hungary are formally trained at vocational education institutions or through higher education programmes. Coaches are paid in popular sports at every level. Considering the number of players’ licenses, 1 basketball is the third most popular sport in Hungary after soccer and handball, with

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Brittany M. Ingram, Melissa C. Kay, Christina B. Vander Vegt and Johna K. Register-Mihalik

body checking policy change. In addition, further data are needed to differentiate between increased concussion incidence resulting from concussion education efforts that may improve disclosure and increased concussion incidence as a direct result of policy changes. Strength of Recommendation Grade B

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Roxane Coche and Benjamin J. Lynn

expect moving forward. Effects on Education Though we, the authors, have taught at only a handful of institutions in North America, we have come across hundreds of students whose motivations to pursue a career in sports broadcast include traveling from stadium to stadium and city to city. The allure of