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Vikki Krane, Emma Calow, and Brandy Panunti

variations is hyperandrogenism, or atypically high levels of testosterone, which is the focus of contemporary sport policies. Current International Olympic Committee (IOC) eligibility regulations regarding female testosterone apply to transgender women and women with intersex conditions ( International

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Anna Posbergh

critically examine the “objective science” that underlies female (and transgender) eligibility regulations. As studies of testosterone levels among athletes, in general, “fail to show consistent relationships between [testosterone] and performance” (p. 161), the dangers of relying on testosterone to support

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Anya T. Eicher, James E. Johnson, Phoebe Campbell, and Benjamin J. Downs

believed they could compete after college. The forced retirement brought about by the NCAA’s 4-year eligibility regulations often makes the transition away from their sport even tougher. Underprepared/Underqualified Another common maladjustment issue that Thompson found was student-athletes feeling

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Kathryn Henne and Madeleine Pape

announced new Eligibility Regulations to be applied only to specific women’s middle-distance events, including the 800 m. As articulated by Rebecca Jordan-Young and Katrina ( 2012 ; see also Karkazis & Jordan-Young, 2018 ), a key claim among feminist scholars is that the Hyperandrogenism Regulations

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Alison Fridley, Daniel Springer, Sarah Stokowski, and Arden Anderson

 al., 2018 ). The time that college athletes dedicate to sport-related activities can be equated to a full-time job ( NCAA, 2020 ). In addition, due to NCAA ( 2021 ) academic eligibility regulations, athletes must maintain a certain grade point average, enroll in a full course load, and maintain steady

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Jay Scherer

Committee’s (IOC) 1974 ruling that rescinded its amateur eligibility regulations (Rule 26), allowing professionals and amateurs to compete together, heralding a new era of commercialization and profit. 34 This decision tempered the Soviet Union’s concerns about the potential loss of Olympic eligibility in