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Dino G. Costanzo, David M. Rustico, and Linda S. Pescatello

The preparedness of community facilities offering exercise programs to older adults is unknown. On-site evaluations were conducted by trained professionals to assess compliance of community older adult exercise programs with fitness-industry standards. Fourteen facilities were evaluated whose clientele (N = 2,172) were predominantly White (98%) women (87%) over 75 years of age (66%). Few of the 14 facilities required exercise participants to complete preactivity health questionnaires (n = 5), 3 administered informed consents, and none adhered to a medical-clearance policy. Only 2 facilities had defined emergency policies, and none conducted emergency drills. One site conducted exercise programs with instructors trained in cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Professionally certified exercise instructors leading all exercise programs were observed in 1 facility. Most facilities evaluated were noncompliant with existing professional health and fitness standards. The practicality of imposing such standards on community exercise programs for older adult requires further examination.

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M. Elaine Cress, David M. Buchner, Thomas Prohaska, James Rimmer, Marybeth Brown, Carol Macera, Loretta DiPietro, and Wojtek Chodzko-Zajko

Physical activity offers one of the greatest opportunities for people to extend years of active independent life and reduce functional limitations. The article identifies key practices for promoting physical activity in older adults, with a focus on those with chronic disease or low fitness and those with low levels of physical activity. Key practices identified: (a) A multidimensional activity program that includes endurance, strength, balance, and flexibility training is optimal for health and functional benefits; (b) principles of behavior change including social support, self-efficacy, active choices, health contracts, assurances of safety, and positive reinforcement enhance adherence; (c) manage risk by beginning at low intensity but gradually increasing to moderate physical activity, which has a better risk:benefit ratio and should be the goal for older adults; (d) an emergency procedure plan is prudent for community-based programs; and (e) monitoring aerobic intensity is important for progression and motivation. Selected content review of physical activity programming from major organizations and institutions is provided.

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believed athletic trainers are the most qualified health care providers to perform athletic equipment removal. a. True b. False 13. In order to reach the adequate number of personnel, most athletic trainers will need to work with emergency medical services personnel to perform their desired emergency

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Shota Tanaka, Hiroki Ueta, Ryo Sagisaka, Shuji Sakanashi, Takahiro Hara, and Hideharu Tanaka

-intensive sports or protective equipment removal during an emergency procedure. Many researchers have conducted studies regarding emergency medical procedures on athletes wearing protective equipment. 9 – 17 Removing protective equipment is not necessary if compressions can be rapidly initiated although the

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Judy L. Van Raalte, Lorraine Wilson, Allen Cornelius, and Britton W. Brewer

review session, and open-water certification dives. The training sessions included lecture and practical experiences in accord with PADI teaching guidelines and offered an overview of skills related to mask clearing; regulator removal, replacement and clearing; out-of-air emergency procedures including

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Kristoffer Henriksen

flight attendant explain emergency procedures before takeoff in the belief that this might increase the likelihood of an airplane crash. However, in many sports, even the most well-prepared athletes are likely to meet challenges, have to adjust their game plans, and deal with adversity during important

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Kelli M. Teson, Jessica S. Watson, Wayne A. Mays, Sandy Knecht, Tracy Curran, Paul Rebovich, David D. Williams, Stephen M. Paridon, and David A. White

(27.3%) reported offering an internship program for ExP students. It should be noted that, although ∼78% of CPELs have a standard operating procedure manual and a protocol for emergency or adverse events, the majority have not practiced the emergency procedures within the past year or did not answer

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Brynn Adamson, Mina Woo, Toni Liechty, Chung-Yi Chiu, Nic Wyatt, Cailey Cranny, and Laura Rice

there’s never enough time.” Some additional ideas included quarterly catch-up trainings, or newsletters with stories, information and links to resources, mentorship for new instructors including class observation, and even more detailed training on emergency procedures. Discussion We sought to develop a

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Eleni Diakogeorgiou, R. Richard Ray Jr., Sara Brown, Jay Hertel, and Douglas J. Casa

sports, safety, health promotion, and wellness. There is a discussion on prominent research themes as well, including health disparities, therapeutic interventions, head injuries/concussion, musculoskeletal injuries, emergency procedures, exertional heat illnesses/hydration, and patient-reported outcomes