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Marco Rathschlag and Daniel Memmert

The present study examined the relationship between self-generated emotions and physical performance. All participants took part in five emotion induction conditions (happiness, anger, anxiety, sadness, and an emotion-neutral state) and we investigated their influence on the force of the finger musculature (Experiment 1), the jump height of a counter-movement jump (Experiment 2), and the velocity of a thrown ball (Experiment 3). All experiments showed that participants could produce significantly better physical performances when recalling anger or happiness emotions in contrast to the emotion-neutral state. Experiments 1 and 2 also revealed that physical performance in the anger and the happiness conditions was significantly enhanced compared with the anxiety and the sadness conditions. Results are discussed in relation to the Lazarus (1991a, 2000a) cognitive-motivational-relational (CMR) theory framework.

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Paul A. Davis, Louise Davis, Samuel Wills, Ralph Appleby and Arne Nieuwenhuys

emotion–performance relationship has received substantial attention in sport psychology research ( Hanin, 2007 ; Lazarus, 2000 ; Neil, Bowles, Fleming, & Hanton, 2016 ; Vallerand & Blanchard, 2000 ), with the predominant focus of research being on the emotions of anxiety and anger ( Mellalieu, Neil

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Mickaël Campo, Diane Mackie, Stéphane Champely, Marie-Françoise Lacassagne, Julien Pellet and Benoit Louvet

antecedents and consequences of the intertwinement of multiple social identities may help researchers to better understand the group-based emotions–performance relationship in sport ( Campo, Mackie, & Sanchez, 2019 ). Finally, our study is one of very few (and the first one in sport) that looks at the

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E. Earlynn Lauer, Mark Lerman, Rebecca A. Zakrajsek and Larry Lauer

: Emotions- performance relationships in sport . In Y.L. Hanin (Ed.), Emotions in sport (pp.  65 – 89 ). Champaign, IL : Human Kinetics . Hardy , J. ( 2006 ). Speaking clearly: A critical review of the self-talk literature . Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 7, 81 – 97 . doi:10.1016/j

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Andy Gillham and Craig Stone

. Henschen & W. Straub (Eds.), Sport psychology: An analysis of athlete behavior (pp.  103 – 119 ). Longmeadow, MA : Mouvement . Hanin , Y.L. ( 2000 ). Individual zones of optimal functioning (IZOF) model: Emotion–performance relationships in sport . In Y.L. Hanin (Ed.), Emotions in sport