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Agnès Bonnet, Lydia Fernandez, Annie Piolat and Jean-Louis Pedinielli

The notion of risk-taking implies a cognitive process that determines the level of risk involved in a particular activity or task. This risk appraisal process gives rise to emotional responses, including anxious arousal and changes in mood, which may play a significant role in risk-related decision making. This study examines how emotional responses to the perceived risk of a scuba-diving injury contribute to divers’ behavior, as well as the ways that risk taking or non-risk taking behavior, in turn, affects emotional states. The study sample consisted of 131 divers (risk takers and non-risk takers), who either had or had not been in a previous diving accident. Divers’ emotional states were assessed immediately prior to diving, as well as immediately following a dive. Results indicated presence of subjective emotional experiences that are specific to whether a risk has been perceived and whether a risk has been taken. Important differences in emotion regulation were also found between divers who typically take risks and those who do not.

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Robert F. Potter and Justin Robert Keene

An experiment investigates the impact of fan identification on the cognitive and emotional processing of sports-related news media. Two coaches were featured; one conceptualized as negatively valenced the other positively. Participants completed a fan identification scale before stimuli presentation. While watching the press conferences, heart rate, skin conductance, and corrugator muscle activity were recorded as indices of cognitive resource allocation, emotional arousal, and aversive motivation activation respectively. Self-report measures were collected after each stimulus. Results show that highly identified fans process sports-related news content differently than moderate fans, allocating more cognitive resources and exhibiting greater aversive reactions to the negatively valenced coach. Comparisons between the self-report and psychophysiology data suggest that the latter may be less susceptible to social desirability response bias when emotional reaction to sports messages are concerned.

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Sarah Kölling, Rob Duffield, Daniel Erlacher, Ranel Venter and Shona L. Halson

regulation of sleep promotion (due to an inhibition of the secretion of melatonin); however, stimulating and interactive social media platforms causing emotional arousal might also explain this phenomenon. 27 Accordingly, volitional behavior, that is, self-regulation, is one of the underlying mechanisms

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Rachel Arnold, Nicole Bolter, Lori Dithurbide, Karl Erickson, Blair Evans, Larkin Lamarche, Sean Locke, Eric Martin and Kathleen Wilson

Edited by Kim Gammage

, the purpose was to explore whether the use of two strategies, specifically distraction and cognitive reappraisal, would translate into changes in emotional arousal, emotional valence, perceived exertion, and prefrontal cortex activity during endurance exercise. The repeated-measures experimental

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Steve M. Smith, Stewart T. Cotterill and Hazel Brown

function negatively. The alignment of emotions has been cited in previous team-performance research where performance outcomes were subject to the simultaneous emotional arousal in the team ( De Boer & Badke-Schaub, 2008 ). Wagstaff et al. ( 2012 ) emphasized the importance of emotions, especially their

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Jessica Ross and Peter D. MacIntyre

experiencing difficulties in regulating emotions ( Eisenberg, Cumberland, & Spinrad, 1998 ). Having a sense of control and losing one’s self in the experience are two dimensions of flow that seem antithetical to uncontrolled emotional arousal or impulsive behaviour in goal-directed pursuits. Further, adaptive

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Ye Hoon Lee, Hyungil Harry Kwon and K. Andrew R. Richards

intelligence can mitigate unpleasant emotional arousal through emotional regulation strategies, such as self-talk and cognitive appraisal ( Brackett, Rivers, & Salovey, 2011 ; Lazarus, 2006 ). Furthermore, Garcia-Sancho, Salguero, and Fernandez-Berrocal ( 2014 ) reported the inverse relationships between

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Phillip D. Tomporowski and Daniel M. Pendleton

, 441 , 219 – 223 . PubMed ID: 18602754 doi:10.1016/j.neulet.2008.06.024 10.1016/j.neulet.2008.06.024 Cahill , L. , & McGaugh , J.L. ( 1998 ). Mechanisms of emotional arousal and lasting declarative memory . Trends in Neuroscience, 21 , 294 – 299 . PubMed ID: 9683321 doi:10.1016/S0166

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Yong Jae Ko, Yonghwan Chang, Wonseok Jang, Michael Sagas and John Otto Spengler

) need for arousal, (b) need for affiliation, and (c) need for achievement. Arousal Needs The experiential view of consumption ( Holbrook & Hirschman, 1982 ) highlights the emotional arousal and hedonic phenomena and treats consumption as a pursuit of “a steady flow of fantasies, feelings, and fun” (p. 132

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Justine Chatterton, Trent A. Petrie, Keke L. Schuler and Camilo Ruggero

emotion regulation skills, may also result in eating disordered behaviors, such as binge eating, which allows for momentary escape from the aversive emotional arousal ( Haynos & Fruzzetti, 2011 ). Whether driven by caloric deficit, emotion dysregulation, or a combination of the two, such overeating may be