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Alexander W.J. Freemantle, Lorenzo D. Stafford, Christopher R.D. Wagstaff, and Lucy Akehurst

individually experiencing the same emotion in relation to the same events. Emotional contagion, the conscious and unconscious transfer of emotion between individuals in a group ( Hatfield et al., 1994 ), was used by Totterdell to explain this interpersonal affective association. This bidirectional emotional

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Daniel Fulham O’Neill

Season-ending injuries, particularly those to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), continue to occur at a high rate in many sports. Although multiple factors are thought to contribute to this injury rate, no study has looked at possible psychological influences. Therefore, the present hypothesis suggests that there exists an emotional trauma that affects athletes after seeing someone in their own sport sustain a serious injury. This traumatic response could result in a change in performance tactics that could result in injury to oneself (“injury contagion”). Students numbering 459 (N= 459; 277 males and 182 females) from four ski academies were studied. Results from psychological testing showed an increase in the use of fear words and phrases after injury to a teammate. As a result, it is recommended that coaches and other personnel maintain a heightened awareness of teammates’ emotions after a team member sustains a significant injury.

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Philip Furley, Fanny Thrien, Johannes Klinge, and Jannik Dörr

expressions can directly elicit affective reactions within the observer. One type of affective reaction may occur via the process of emotional contagion, whereby individuals catch the expresser’s emotions through his or her facial expressions, bodily movements and postures, or vocalizations ( Hatfield

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Michael Mutz and Markus Gerke

; Scott et al., 2019 ; Xu & Billings, 2020 ). In addition to these attributions and interpretations of national success, emotions are usually expressed very clearly and obviously by sports reporters, thus facilitating a process of emotional contagion ( Hatfield et al., 1994 ). Processes of emotional

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Steve M. Smith, Stewart T. Cotterill, and Hazel Brown

conceptual and measurement issues . Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 22 ( 3 ), 235 – 255 . doi:10.1123/jsep.22.3.235 10.1123/jsep.22.3.235 Hatfield , E. , Cacioppo , J.T. , & Rapson , R.L. ( 1994 ). Emotional contagion: Cambridge studies in emotion and social interaction . Cambridge, UK

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Christopher Rumpf and Christoph Breuer

) . Innovative Marketing, 3 ( 3 ), 19 – 27 . Hansen , F. , & Christensen , S.R. ( 2007b ). Emotions, advertising and consumer choice . Copenhagen, Denmark : CBS Press . Hasford , J. , Hardesty , D.M. , & Kidwell , B. ( 2015 ). More than a feeling: Emotional contagion effects in persuasive

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Sarah Deck, Brianna DeSantis, Despina Kouali, and Craig Hall

“another’s feelings by placing oneself psychologically in that person’s circumstances.” Through empathy, emotions are believed to be shared ( Lazarus, 1991 ), therefore possibly showing more support of emotional contagion between these athletes. There were a few participants who believed the opposite to be

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Joon Ho Lim, Leigh Anne Donovan, Peter Kaufman, and Chiharu Ishida

). The ripple effect: Emotional contagion and its influence on group behavior . Administrative Science Quarterly, 47 ( 4 ), 644 – 675 . doi:10.2307/3094912 10.2307/3094912 Bauer , I.M. , & Baumeister , R.F. ( 2011 ). Self-regulatory strength . In R.F. Baumeister & K.D. Vohs (Eds

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Philip Furley and Alexander Roth

.1080/10413200.2014.953231 10.1080/10413200.2014.953231 Moll , T. , Jordet , G. , & Pepping , G.-J. ( 2010 ). Emotional contagion in soccer penalty shootouts: Celebration of individual success is associated with ultimate team success . Journal of Sports Sciences, 28 ( 9 ), 983 – 992 .

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competition and loses control of the game. Two previous qualitative studies investigated perceptions of causes of team collapse using grounded theory and abduction. Especially, negative emotional contagion seemed to be outcomes of collective team collapse that prevented the team’s return to their initial