The purposes of this study were to investigate patterns of emotional response to reconstructive surgery of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) of the knee following sport injury and to examine the extent to which neuroticism differed across patterns of adjustment. Participants were 73 patients (51% recreational athletes, 46% competitive athletes, 3% nonathletes) who had ACL reconstruction surgery and who had low levels of negative mood before surgery. Participants completed measures of personality and negative mood before surgery and completed daily assessments of negative mood for 6 weeks postsurgery. The negative mood of participants was classified into three patterns for two different time periods. Participants with patterns of resilience outnumbered those with patterns of disturbance. Participants with patterns involving mood disturbance one week after surgery had significantly higher presurgery neuroticism levels. Practitioners should target individuals with high neuroticism before surgery for emotion management interventions to prevent mood disturbance following ACL surgery.
Jamie L. Shapiro, Britton W. Brewer, Allen E. Cornelius, and Judy L. Van Raalte
Lynne Halley Johnston and Douglas Carroll
This study used grounded theory to describe the emotional responses of athletes following injury and their situational and temporal contexts. Sixteen seriously injured athletes were interviewed. The NUD*IST (Nonnumerical Unstructured Data Indexing Searching and Theorizing) computer program was used to search, store, explore, and organize the qualitative material. The main emotional responses, appraisals, events, and behaviors that emerged from the analysis were represented diagrammatically. Frustration and depression were the prevalent emotional responses throughout rehabilitation, although the situational corollaries differed as recovery progressed. In the early phase of rehabilitation, frustration and depression resulted from disruption to normal function, in the middle phase they were provoked by a negative appraisal of rehabilitation progress, and. at the end of rehabilitation the main instigator was impatience to return to sport. Whether to risk returning prematurely to sport emerged as a key theme, as did the confounding effects of exercise withdrawal. symptoms in extremely committed athletes. The results were considered in terms of both cognitive appraisal and risk models.
Brian V. Gallagher and Frank L. Gardner
The present study examined the relationship between cognitive vulnerabilities, coping strategy, and emotional response to athletic injury among 40 NCAA Division I injured athletes. It was hypothesized that the presence of early maladaptive schemas (EMS) and avoidant coping strategies would predict greater emotional distress among injured athletes. Early maladaptive schemas were assessed by the Young Schema Questionnaire-Short Form, which injured athletes completed upon injury. Coping strategies were measured by the Coping Response Inventory Adult Form, which was completed upon the completion of recovery. The Profile of Mood States was used to assess mood, and was completed during three phases of injury: upon injury, middle of rehabilitation, and upon recovery. As predicted, hierarchical multiple regression analysis demonstrate that EMSs and avoidance-focused coping were associated with higher levels of negative mood among injured athletes. The results also indicate that the relationship between EMS and mood vary based on the phase of injury, suggesting that different EMSs are differentially related to subtle differences in stressors encountered during each phase of the injury process.
Fraser Carson and Remco C. J. Polman
The aim of this case study was to investigate the emotional factors and coping strategies used by a professional rugby union player during rehabilitation from anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. A dominant (qualitative) - less dominant (quantitative) mixed methodological approach was established concurrent with the athlete’s rehabilitation. Twice monthly interviews and a self-report diary were completed throughout the rehabilitation process. Six questionnaires were used to assess specific aspects of injury rehabilitation identified from previous literature, including emotional response, coping, social support, and perceived autonomy. Content analysis of each phase of the rehabilitation process established 34 higher-order themes split into two general dimensions: Influential Emotions or Coping Strategies. Findings highlight the benefit of problem-focused coping to improve autonomy and confidence. A sequential movement through a series of emotions (shock, depression, relief, encouragement, and confidence building) was also identified.
Duncan Simpson and Lauren P. Elberty
& Walker, 2008 ) and depression ( Belitsky & Jacobs, 1986 ). These strong negative emotions are not mutually exclusive and are often intertwined with each other during the grieving process. As well as emotional responses to death there is also usually a range of physical (e.g., fatigue, tightness in the
Eishin Teraoka, Heidi Jancer Ferreira, David Kirk, and Farid Bardid
, emotional responses, self-concept, and resilience. With respect to the first theme, motivation is defined here from the perspective of SDT ( Ryan & Deci, 2017 ). Rather than considering motivation as a unitary concept, SDT describes motivation as a continuum emphasizing different types of behavioral
Wesley J. Wilson, Justin A. Haegele, Steven K. Holland, and K. Andrew R. Richards
, & Simonton, 2018 ). Results and Discussion The data analysis resulted in the development of four themes that describe the participants’ experiences as volunteer coaches at the SL sports camp for athletes with visual impairments. These themes included (a) camp experience elicited a strong emotional response
Alana Signore, Brittany N. Semenchuk, and Shaelyn M. Strachan
al., 2017 ). For example, self-compassionate individuals have adaptive emotional responses to negative life events ( Leary et al., 2007 ), set mastery goals, perceive competence after experiencing a lapse in academic settings ( Neff et al., 2005 ), and learn from mistakes ( Breines & Chen, 2012 ). Further
Megan M. Byrd, Anthony P. Kontos, Shawn R. Eagle, and Samuel Zizzi
( 2 ), E1 – E11 . doi:10.1097/HTR.0000000000000136 10.1097/HTR.0000000000000136 Hutchison , M. , Mainwaring , L.M. , Comper , P. , Richards , D.W. , & Bisschop , S.M. ( 2009 ). Differential emotional responses of varsity athletes to concussion and musculoskeletal injuries . Clinical
Nicholas S. Washburn, Kelly L. Simonton, K. Andrew R. Richards, and Ye Hoon Lee
emotional responses to stressful experiences. Conceptualized as the aptitude to monitor, manage, and utilize emotions to guide behavior in a productive manner ( Mayer & Salovey, 1997 ), EI promotes teaching effectiveness ( Gu & Day, 2007 ) and organizational commitment ( Meyer et al., 2002 ) and reduces