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Jane E. Clark, Farid Bardid, Nancy Getchell, Leah E. Robinson, Nadja Schott, and Jill Whitall

perceptual-motor behaviors exhibited by children with developmental delays (e.g.,  Ayres, 1965 ; Roach & Kephart, 1966 ). Nevertheless, with their paper, Connolly, Brown, and Bassett provide arguably the first empirical study to focus on the underlying “processes” for the age-related changes that others

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Pierre Trudel, Michel Milestetd, and Diane M. Culver

abstract of each document to keep only those documents that were empirical studies (e.g., exclude position papers) and published in peer-reviewed journals (e.g., delete conference proceedings, book chapters, etc.). Another 289 articles were eliminated, which brought our database to 88 documents. The fourth

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Lambros Lazuras, Vassilis Barkoukis, and Haralambos Tsorbatzoudis

The present study assessed adolescent athletes’ intentions toward doping by using an integrative theoretical model. Overall, 650 adolescent athletes from team and individual sports completed an anonymous structured questionnaire including demographic information, social desirability, achievement goals, motivational regulations, sportspersonship orientations, social cognitive variables, and anticipated regret. Hierarchical regression analysis showed that the integrative model predicted 57.2% of the variance in doping intentions. Social cognitive variables and anticipated regret directly predicted doping intentions. Anticipated regret added 3% incremental variance on top of other predictors. Multiple mediation analyses showed that the effects of achievement goals on intentions were mediated by self-efficacy beliefs, whereas the effects of sportspersonship were mediated by attitudes and anticipated regret. The present study confirmed the dual structure of an integrative model of doping intentions and further highlighted the role of anticipated regret in the study of adolescent doping use.

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Jennifer M. Beller and Sharon Kay Stoll

The purpose of this study was to analyze cognitive moral reasoning of high school student athletes and their nonathlete peers (n = 1,330). Students were evaluated with the Hahm-Beller Values Choice Inventory in the Sport Milieu. Nonathletes (NA) scored significantly higher (M = 67.75, SEM = 0.39) compared to team sport (TS) athletes (M = 62.10, SEM = 0.40). Females scored significantly higher (M = 68.78, SEM = 0.34) than males (M = 60.97, SEM = 0.38). Female NA (M = 69.54, SEM = 0.33) and female TS athletes (M = 67.50, SEM = 0.35) scored significantly different compared to male TS athletes (M = 59.21, SEM = 0.42). This study supports cognitive research data of collegiate athlete populations. Interscholastic athletes reason from a less consistent, impartial, and reflective moral reasoning than do nonathletes.

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Yuhei Inoue and Aubrey Kent

The purpose of this study was to explain the process of how a sport team could induce consumers to engage in proenvironmental behavior. Building on Kelman’s (1958, 1961, 2006) internalization perspective, this study demonstrated that positive environmental practices by a team increased consumer internalization of the team’s values. In turn, this increased internalization mediated the relationship between environmental practices and proenvironmental behavior measured by two behavioral intentions: intention to support the team’s environmental initiative and intention to engage in proenvironmental behavior in daily life. The results of this study contribute to the literature by highlighting the significant role of internalization. This research further provides a significant insight into the social impacts of sport organizations.

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Sadjad Soltanzadeh and Mitchell Mooney

Systems thinking has been developed and used in many fields such as management, economics, and engineering in the past few decades. Although implicit elements of systems thinking may be found in some coaching biographies and autobiographies, a critical and explicit work on systems thinking that examines its principles and its relevance to sport sciences and coaching is yet to be developed. The aim of this Insight paper is to explore systems thinking and its potential for modelling and analysing team performance by (a) explaining how systems thinking is used in other fields, (b) highlighting the importance of conceptual analysis and critical thinking next to data collecting practices, and (c) contrasting systems thinking with the common approaches to modelling and analysing team performance.

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Patricia Santos de Oliveira, Mey de Abreu van Munster, Joslei Viana de Souza, and Lauren J. Lieberman

CASP criteria showed a considerable degree of variation in the article scores. Analysis revealed two main trends: the articles achieving the highest scores (above 90%) were based on empirical studies ( n  = 5) and, therefore, satisfied most of the basic criteria stipulated by the CASP checklist. In

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Bora Jin and Idethia Shevon Harvey

older adults’ physical activity? and (c) Is this study an empirical study? Based on the definition of empirical research by American Educational Research Association and the American Psychological Association, which was performed for the purpose of acquiring knowledge opting for direct or indirect means

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Dominic Malcolm

development of what has been called a “concussion industry” ( McNamee & Partridge, 2013 , p. 17); analyse social scientific responses to the SRC agenda; and draw upon an empirical study of concussion in English professional football to illustrate the basis on which a socially influential sociology of SRC

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Agustín Manresa-Rocamora, José Manuel Sarabia, Julio Sánchez-Meca, José Oliveira, Francisco Jose Vera-Garcia, and Manuel Moya-Ramón

time is longer, the increase in VO 2 peak is smaller. Despite this variable being a continuous variable, due to the descriptive limitations of empirical studies, we could not analyze it in that way. However, our results are similar to the findings of Collins, Suskin, Aggarwal, and Grace ( 2015 ) who